OromiaTimes

Blood, terror as protests grip Ethiopia (AFP)

Blood, terror as protests grip Ethiopia

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22 December 2015

http://news.yahoo.com/blood-terror-streets-protests-grip-ethiopia-113356913.html (Click to see photogallery)

Blood, terror as protests grip Ethiopia

Protesters set up a symbolic coffin with victim’s names in Wolenkomi after police shot dead at least four people during a demonstration on December 15, 2015. Picture: AFP/ Justine Boulo

Two lifeless bodies lay on the ground as the terrified crowd, armed only with sticks against gun-toting Ethiopian security forces, fled the fierce crackdown on protesters.

Blood seeped through a sheet covering one of the bodies on the road outside Wolenkomi, a town just 60 kilometres from the capital Addis Ababa.

“That was my only son,” a woman sobbed.

“They have killed me.”

Back at the family home of 20-year-old Kumsa Tafa, his younger sister Ababetch shook as she spoke.

“He was a student. No one was violent. I do not understand why he is dead,” she said.

Human Rights Watch says at least 75 people have been killed in a bloody crackdown on protests by the Oromo people, Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group.

Bekele Gerba, deputy president of the Oromo Federal Congress, puts the toll at more than 80 while the government says only five have been killed.

The demonstrations have spread to several towns since November, when students spoke out against plans to expand the capital into Oromia territory – a move the Oromo consider a land grab.

The sight of the protesters on the streets of towns like Wolenkomi – shouting “Stop the killings! This isn’t democracy!” – is rare in a country with little tolerance for expressions of discontent with the government.

Tree trunks and stones are strewn on the asphalt on the road west from Addis to Shewa zone, in Oromia territory, barricading the route for several kilometres.

Chaos broke out on a bus on the road when it emerged that the police were again clashing with demonstrators in Wolenkomi.

“My husband just called me,” said a woman clutching her phone, as others screamed and children burst into tears.

“He’s taking refuge in a church. Police shot at the protesters,” she said.

The man next to her cried in despair: “They’re taking our land, killing our children. Why don’t they just kill everyone now?”

The army raided Wolenkomi again the next day, the rattle of gunfire lasting for more than an hour.

“They grabbed me by the face and they told me, ‘Go home! If you come back here, we’ll kill you’,” said Kafani, a shopkeeper.

Rights groups have repeatedly criticised Ethiopia’s use of anti-terrorism legislation to stifle peaceful dissent, with the US expressing concern over the recent crackdown and urging the government to employ restraint.

But Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn declared on television that the government would act “without mercy in the fight against forces which are trying to destabilise the region.”

Oromo leaders have vowed to keep up their resistance against proposals to extend Addis, and Human Rights Watch has warned of “a rapidly rising risk of greater bloodshed”.

“The government can continue to send security forces and act with violence – we will never give up,” said Gerba.

Land is at the heart of the problem. Under Ethiopia’s constitution, all land belongs to the state, with owners legally considered tenants – raising fears amongst the Oromo that a wave of dispossession is on its way.

“For farmers in Oromia and elsewhere in the country, their land is everything,” said Felix Horne, a researcher at Human Rights Watch.

“It’s critical for their food supply, for their identity, for their culture,” he said.

“You cannot displace someone from their land with no consultation and then inadequately compensate them and not expect there to be any response,” Horne warned.

Some Oromo have already seen their lands confiscated.

Further west, in the town of Ambo, a woman named Turu was expropriated of her two hectares, receiving only 40 000 birr ($1 900, 1 700 euros) in compensation.

“We had a good life before,” she said.

Today she struggles to support her four children and her disabled husband with the 30 birr a day ($1.40, 1.30 euros) she earns working in a factory.

With their own language distinct from Ethiopia’s official Amharic tongue, the 27 million Oromo make up nearly 30 percent of the country’s population.

“The Oromos are seen as more of a threat by the government in part because they are by far the largest ethnic group,” said Horne.

The proposed expansion of Addis is part of a 25-year development plan to boost the city’s infrastructure and attract new investors.

It sparked demonstrations last year, but on a smaller scale.

AFP

Huffingtonpost: What Is Behind the Oromo Rebellion in Ethiopia?

Associate Professor of International Relations and Environmental Studies at Fort Lewis College

The Ethiopian government is now faced with unprecedented rebellion from the Oromo ethnic group, consisting 35% of the Ethiopia’s population, which it disingenuously claims is inspired by terrorism. The immediate pretext is the Addis Ababa Master Plan encroaching and displacing Oromo farmers, but this masks a deeper grievance which has been brewing for at least two decades under this regime, and for over a century under successive highland Ethiopian rulers. In the following, I will try to provide some context and offer some analysis of the danger Ethiopia and the region are facing.

Background

The late Ethiopian Prime Minster, Meles Zenawi, achieved power in 1991 as “the first among equals” in a ruling coalition. After the 1998-2000 “border war” with Eritrea, he moved to consolidate his power by rewarding loyalists and weakening or imprisoning his rivals. Meles institutionalized one-party rule of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) and his Tigrayan inner circle, with the participation of other co-opted ethnic elites who were brought into the ruling alliance under the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF).

The EPRDF consists of four groups: the Oromo Peoples’ Democratic Organization (OPDO), the Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM), the South Ethiopian Peoples’ Democratic Front (SEPDF) and the Tigrayan Peoples’ Liberation Front (TPLF). The Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) decided to withdraw from the EPRDF coalition in 1992 and was pushed out after unsuccessfully trying to assert its independence from the TPLF within the coalition. The role of OPDO, ANDM and SEPDF is simply to rubber stamp TPLF’s agenda. In North American parlance, one can describe the members of OPDO, ANDM and SEPDF as the uncle Toms of Ethiopian society.

Zenawi’s violent crackdown on the 2005 demonstrations protesting the widely believed rigged election was a clear indication of his determination to hang on to power. In the 2010 elections, the EPRDF won 499 out of 547 parliamentary seats — with all but two others going to EPRDF-allied parties — and all but one of 1,904 council seats in regional elections. Despite the semblance of parliamentary rule, those elected were irrelevant to the governance of the country, since the TPLF and PM Zenawi maintained near absolute control over the country’s politics.

If there was any doubt in 2005, in the 2010 and 2015 elections, it became clear that this was a one-party rule with a vengeance, ensuring the triumph of repression, the squashing of dissenting voices and the shutting down of independent media. Elections in Ethiopia are shenanigans to show complete EPRDF control rather than engagement in democracy. There is a clampdown on internet access, and the arrest and sentencing of political opponents and journalists. Even two Swedish journalists reporting in the Ogaden were imprisoned on terrorism charges.

Succession Not Transition

There was a speculation that Meles’s passing in august 2012
could touch off an internal power struggle expected to take place within the ranks of his loyalists. But the succession of a new prime minister turned out to be an uneventful affair and at least outwardly peaceful. The number of Tigrayans in the cabinet decreased, but key posts remain in the hands of aging Tigrayan loyalists. The talk of “generational change” over the past few years was simply a charade.

Among the exceptions is the current PM Hailemariam Desalegn, the relatively unknown ex-Deputy Prime Minister. Desalegn’s ethnicity gives a superficial semblance of balance and cover for the Tigrayan oligarchy. Desalegn is a Wolayta, a somewhat marginalized ethnicity in the periphery of Ethiopian society, and a born-again Christian in a country where the dominant church is Ethiopian Orthodox. He never participated in the armed struggle that brought the various factions of the EPRDF to power. His status as an outsider was perceived by many to be an asset that gave him broader legitimacy, insulated him from criticism, and allowed him to present himself as an underdog protected from the historical baggage of the Amhara and Tigrayans.

Yet, in his three years in power, Desalegn has announced few new policies. Some suggest that he is a mere figurehead and that real power is still within a core TPLF group shadowing him. In any case, party leaders seem lost without Zenawi. They govern on autopilot, following the vision and templates he left behind. In effect, Zenawi is ruling from the grave. Yet developments like the Oromo uprising expose the limits of ruling from the grave. Regime officials seem confused. Different officials say different things and contradict each other. They look like deer caught in the headlights. As is often the case, oppressors are blind to what they perpetrate on their victims and surprised when the oppressed rise up defiantly.

Resistance to EPRDF Rule

While opposition and discontent have been growing in Ethiopia, the security apparatus is ever vigilant against them . Rioting Muslims were effectively contained. The TPLF marginalized both the legal and the extra-legal opposition, leaving little option but to protest as in the current Oromo uprising. The few co-opted Oromo elites within the EPRDF have little credibility, and protesters scoff at statements coming from Oromo leaders serving the regime.

Other ethnic groups deeply dissatisfied are the Ogadenis, Gambella and Benishangul-Gumuz. The Ogaden national liberation Front (ONLF) in Ogaden is waging an insurgency exacerbated by forcible relocations to allow oil and gas exploration. Similar insurgency rages in Oromia led by the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). Oromia was incorporated into the Ethiopian empire in the 1880s by emperor Menelik II during the time the European scramble for Africa was underway.

Resentment to TPLF rule extends even among parts of Tigray, where a part of the population feel left out by the TPLF elites interested only in making money and investing it in the capital or abroad. The EPRDF has unsuccessfully lobbied the U.S. government to label the ONLF and the OLF as terrorist organizations. Nevertheless, the controversial use and abuse of the Anti-Terrorism Law is applied with impunity. The government attributes the ongoing Muslim and Oromo protest to infiltration from Saudi Arabia, Eritrea and the opposition Ginbot 7 movement.

Despite a dishonest attempt to externalize the issue, Ethiopian Muslims, who number anywhere from 40% to 50% of the population, and the Oromo have historically been marginalized, and the protest is very much homegrown and rooted in a long list of grievances.

Ethiopia, the U.S. and its Western Allies

Ethiopia is a key strategic ally for the War on Terror, which insulates it from any US condemnation. Ethiopia receives the largest aid in Africa — an average $3.3 billion per year. The government abuses aid money to the extent that even government-provided seeds and fertilizer is denied to farmers who are not party members. Regarding the current uprising, the United States has issued a statement of concern. However, the regime itself is noticably unconcerned because it knows these statements by the U.S. are accompanied by little or no action. Even the African Union, with its headquarter in Addis Ababa, while rightly concerned about a potential genocide in Burundi, is conspicuously silent on the massacre taking place against the Oromo right on its doorstep.

The late Zenawi had the wit to position himself as an indispensable ally of the West in the fight against “terrorism.” Ethiopia is seen as a bulwark against extremism and the chaos of Somalia. From the U.S. point of view, Ethiopia is a military bridgehead to contain Al Qaida infiltration in Somalia and even across the Red Sea in Yemen.

International aid subsidizes about 50 % of Ethiopia’s national budget. United Kingdom funding of $4.9billion for a brutal resettlement scheme was only withdrawn this year. Germany continues to aid Ethiopia for “strategic” reasons despite voicing concern about human rights violations. The regime has deepened its economic relationship with China (which is tight-lipped on human rights issues) by utilizing its comparative advantage: capitalizing on the availability of plentiful cheap labor and Chinese subsidies for projects encroaching in Oromia.

The Economy

Zenawi engineered Ethiopia’s success in securing aid from the European Union and the U.S.; he was adept at maneuvering and securing money from Western financial institutions that even his detractors acknowledge. He counted among his admirers big names such as Professor Jeffrey Sachs of Harvard as well as Professor Joseph Stiglitz of Columbia University and a recipient of the Nobel Prize in Economics. The country’s rulers have perfected the culture of begging and dependency and are now appealing for a $1.4 billion to feed the 10.2 million drought victims even though they engage in the business of leasing fertile land to foreign investors who export everything they grow. Drought does not have to lead to hunger and famine, if a government plans for it. Poor governments can store grain when there is good harvest in preparation for such emergencies.

Consistent with the notion of state-directed developmentalism espoused by the EPRDF, it aspired to oversee the development of roads, rail, electricity and telecommunications, boasting double-digit growth although the IMF disputes those figures and puts the growth rate at 7.5 per cent . It did succeed in Addis Ababa getting sub-Saharan Africa’s first light-rail network. However, the government’s claim that its socio-economic policies have helped the poor is disputed by critics, who point out that the primary beneficiaries are the political elite and that the gap between the elites and the poor is ever wider. The Oromo uprising is partially resentment over displacement and over environmental damage in the name of development. Corruption is rampant in the country. Theft from state enterprises and participation in the black market, including widespread graft is all too common.

Federalism

Ethiopia under the EPRDF was officially declared a federal state. In states with true federalism, regions enjoy political primacy, as it is they who consciously decide to form the state, unlike centralized states where the constituting units come into being in line with EPRDF administrative requirements from the center. The strong center in Ethiopia never allowed for the true spirit of federalism to emerge. The country could never rid itself of the lingering grievance of the regions, of not getting their share, commensurate with their resources. There is a whole list of such claims, such as, misuse of river waters and cheaply leasing of indigenous land to foreign capitalists, urbanization (as in Addis Ababa’s Master Plan), and increasing Deforestation.

The TPLF military and the future

The Ethiopian military as an institution has acquired unprecedented power. Under any conceivable scenario, the military will continue to be a key and decisive player. Yet, it is not a truly national army; at the officer corps level, it is heavily dominated by Tigreans. Historically, the rank and file soldiers come mostly from the Oromo nation and have been the cannon fodder in the country’s numerous wars under Haile Sellassie, Mengistu Hailemariam, and now under the TPLF dictatorship. There is deep grievance within the army resulting in high profile desertions from the Air Force and other branches.

Control of key economic sectors by the military under the EPRDF have made it difficult to limit its role to a strictly military one. The military’s role has other consequences of spiraling ethnic conflicts which have reached a boiling point in the current uprising. EPRDF rule has engendered profound hatred and resentments among different groups with Ethiopian society and among the former ruling classes of the Amhara ethnic group.

The Ogadenis have a longstanding group grievance that is part and parcel of their indomitable desire for self-determination, which has never been addressed. The current uprising is a culmination of systematic injustice perpetrated against the Oromo. Resistance in Ethiopia in the absence of political space for cross-ethnic alliances is being channeled along ethnic and religious lines, potentially setting the stage for the balkanization of the country. In the 20th century, highland monarchist absolutism, Stalinist dictatorships and today’s make-believe “democratic federalism” may contribute more to fragmentation and dismemberment than nation-building. The legacy of dictatorship, from Menelik II, Haile Selassie, Mengistu Hailemariam to Meles Zenawi has endangered the country.

Ethiopia’s future is, therefore, clouded with uncertainties.

Appeal Letter of Oromo Community of Phoenix to Sen. McCain of Arizona on killings of Oromo protesters in Ethiopia Ethiopia

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OROMO COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION OF ARIZONA

December 17, 2015

The Honorable John McCain
U.S. Senator-Arizona
2201 East Camelback, suite 115
Phoenix, AZ 85016

Dear Senator McCain,

We, members of the Oromo Community Organization of Arizona (OCOA), write this urgent letter to bring to your attention and express our deepest concerns about the violent crackdown on the peaceful student protesters in Oromia and other regional states of Ethiopia.  The Oromo Community Organization of Arizona (OCOA) is a non-profit organization established and registered in Arizona State to serve the Oromo Diaspora and advocate for the human rights of all Oromo and other peoples in Ethiopia (www.oromocommunityaz.com).

A year ago, when Oromo students protested against the controversial Addis Ababa Master Plan, the Ethiopian government used excessive force—killed at least 78 people, injured hundreds of students severely, and jailed and imprisoned thousands of protesters who are still languishing in Ethiopian prisons and hidden concentration camps. Many students who survived the violence fled the country and went into exile to escape the repression. Despite the massive opposition, the government has arrogantly continued to implement the controversial master plan, which is displacing thousands of Oromo farmers from their ancestral lands and sacred groves around Finfinnee (Addis Ababa) and other places. The Oromo perceive this eviction policy as prelude to exterminate them by destroying their culture, history, language and land.

The resent protests since the mid-November 2015 are reignited when the government recently announced its intention to implement the Master Plan at any cost. The plan proposes the annexation of dozens of towns, farm lands and rural counties to the capital city from the Oromia Regional State within 140 kilometers radius against the will of the Oromo people. Oromo student protesters reject this plan because it was prepared in total secrecy, it is unconstitutional, it is intended to evict an estimated 8-10 million farmers from their ancestral lands, and because it is now imposed on the people without their consent. The peaceful protests involve elementary, high school and university students in all Oromia zones. Parents of the students—farmers, workers, school teachers, and university lecturers have joined youth protesters. At this moment, the Ethiopian government and its armed and security forces are committing the most heinous crimes against defenseless school children in all parts of Oromia. The people are facing violent government crackdown every day. The heavy-handed, excessive use of force has resulted in the death of more than 110 victims and critical injuries of thousands of peaceful people. Hundreds of students are taken into custody and facing torture and death.  Because of the governments draconian press laws and the criminalization of independent media, it is, however, difficult to account for all victims of this brutal crackdown at this moment. But we have received credible reports of the death of 72 victims out of which list of the following students and farmers are at our hand:

  1. Gezahegn Oliqa, University of Haramaya, murdered on December 1, 2015.
  2. Gutu Abera, High School student, Western Wallaga, killed on December 2, 2015.
  3. Karrasa Chala, Guluso, Western Wallaga, killed on December 2, 2015.
  4. Dabala Tafa, Chancho, North of Addis Ababa, killed on December 2, 2015.
  5. Dajane Sarbessa, High School student, Tole, Western Shawa, killed on December 3, 2015.
  6. Muftah Junedi, High School student, Western Hararge, killed on December 5, 2015.
  7. Muraddin Abdi, High School student, Eastern Hararge, killed on December 7, 2015.
  8. Bekele Soboka, High School student, Western Shawa, killed on December 8, 2015.
  9. Bekele Seyfu, High school students, Inchini, Western Shawa, killed on December 8, 2015.
  10. Ebbissa Mebratu, father of four, Finchaa, Eastern Wallaga, killed on December 8, 2015.
  11. Fikadu Girma, high school, Gedo, West Shoa, killed on December 11, 2015.
  12. Nasruddin Mohammed, Arsi, Adaabba killed on December 10, 2015
  13. Misir Haji Namo, Arsi, Adaabba, killed on December 10, 2015
  14. Tilahun Girma, 8 years old, elementary school, Babichi, West Shoa, killed on December 10, 2015
  15. Lucee Gamachu , West Wollega, Killed on December 8, 2015
  16. Ayana Banti Dhuguma, west wollega, Killed on December 8, 2015
  17. Kenasa Lenca, west wollega, Killed on December 8, 2015
  18. Bu’ee Dhaba, West Shoa, Killed on December 10, 2015
  19. Teshale Umnessa, Killed on December 10, 2015
  20. Bayyisaa Taaddasaa, west shoa, Killed on December 11, 2015

At this moment, as the protest intensifies, the government is escalating its brutal crackdown. The lives of thousands of young men and women are threatened every hour. They are dying while the government that torments them is receiving lavish economic, military, and diplomatic support from the rest of the world, including the United States.

We, members of the Oromo Community Organization of Arizona (OCOA), are hardworking and tax paying citizens and permanent residents of the United States. While we are contributing, through the taxes we pay, to the support that the Ethiopian government receives from the United States; our relatives—elderly parents, brothers, sisters and children—face tragedies of jail, torture and death daily. We agonize and endure immense psychological pain from the suffering and the physical torture of our relatives in Ethiopia. We love this country for what it stands—freedom and human liberty, and for what it has done for us and to generations of immigrants before us. It is unacceptable that the United States, the champion of democracy and human rights, is standing by silently and watching a murderous regime committing heinous acts of terror on defenseless students and their parents. We hope the United States government listens to our voices, feels and understands our pain. The sufferings of defenseless people need and deserve the support of this great nation.

Dear Senator McCain,

We understand that what happens to the Oromo people in Ethiopia does not make the headline news in United States. But the Oromo are very important people. They occupy the largest region in Ethiopia, both in terms of population size and land mass. Their land is endowed with rich natural and mineral resources and serves as the backbone of the Ethiopian economy in all sectors—agriculture, industry, trade, and tourism. Oromo farmers produce one of the finest coffee (globally traded as Ethiopian coffee) which many US citizens consume daily. As we have warned earlier, there is a substantial risk in ignoring the sufferings of such a large population in the Horn of Africa, and its growing Diaspora communities, here in the United States. The situation in Ethiopia is getting worse every day. Continued US support of the EPRDF regime at the expense of the defenseless students, farmers, workers and professionals casts a very bad image on the United States’ foreign policy in the region, and poses serious security consequences for the people and states in the Northeast Africa.

We believe every human being deserves to be treated with utmost respect and dignity. We condemn any kind of violence that dehumanizes human beings and threatens the wellbeing of the society. When the youth of our country of heritage are gunned down daily by a brutal regime, our hopes for their better future are shattered. We also believe that the Ethiopian government is directly responsible and should be forced to account for the atrocities against young people. The United States government should not ignore the undemocratic and brutal practices of this authoritarian-terrorist regime. We, therefore, request that the United States:

  • Condemns the brutal acts of the Ethiopian government, and ensures these acts stop immediately.
  • Reconsiders or limits all assistance to Ethiopia (including economic, military and diplomatic), except temporary humanitarian aid.
  • Advises the US business community to limit or divest all investment projects from Ethiopia until the government ceases its violent behavior and treats citizens fairly and resolves differences peacefully.
  • Encourages all allies and the international community to condemn the violence and use their political and diplomatic leverage to change the behavior of the Ethiopian government.
  • Urges the Ethiopian government to immediately stop the implementation of the controversial Addis Ababa Master Plan.
  • Pressures the regime to release all political prisoners (including students and other protesters detained recently or earlier).
  • Pressures the Ethiopian government to establish an independent commission to thoroughly investigate the incidents occurring since April 2014, and bring the criminal perpetrators to justice swiftly.

We trust Senator McCain and his power to influence the United States government to help stop the violent crackdown in Ethiopia and save the lives of Oromo students and their parents.

Sincerely,

Oromo Community Organization of Arizona (OCOA)
(www.oromocommunityaz.com)

Oromootii barattootaa fi maatii Master Pilaanii Finfinneeetiif lubuu dhaban yaadachuuf, White House duratti shaamaa bobeessan

Oromootii barattootaa fi maatii Master Pilaanii Finfinneeetiif lubuu dhaban yaadachuuf, White House duratti shaamaa bobeessan

Yaadannoo barattootaa fi maatii maaster pilaanii lubbuu dhaban,White House,Muddee 17,2015Yaadannoo barattootaa fi maatii maaster pilaanii lubbuu dhaban,White House,Muddee 17,2015
Soraa Halakee

Qophii tana Oromoota DC fi naannoo isii jirantti itti dhufe.Namii hagii tokko akka hawaasaatti wal jajjabeessuuf,waliin gadduuf,kaayoo barattootaa fi maatiin irratti lubbuu dhaban deeggaruuf rakkoo biyya keessa jirtu jedhan addunyaatti himuuf dhufne jedha.

Jarii qophii sunii dhufe Oromoo fi hawaasa gara garaati.Hagii tokko nama maatii isaanii irraa lubbuu dhabe.

White House,DC Muddee 17,2015White House,DC Muddee 17,2015

​Intaltii dubraa ta obboleessii isii hiriira falmii Master Pilaanii Finfinnee bara 2014 Ambootti bahan irratti lubbuu dhabe harqaa akka obboleessii isii ijjeefame jette qaabatte.

“Mana barumsaatii ennaa innii galu shiftaa jedhanii guyyaa falmii Amboo irratti karaa irratti ajjeesan.”

Birhaanee Galatoo warra hiriira qopheesse keessaa tokko.“Akka haadhaatti madaan akka malee waan nutti dhagahamtuuf rakkoo keenya Amerikaa fi addunyaatti himuuf dhufne.”

Aaddee Biiftuulleen maqaa abbaa himachuu baattullee akka rakkoon dhiiga namaa dhangalaasuutti jirtu dhaabattuu akka hawaasaatti waliin gadduuf walti dhufnee jetti.

Sirna shaamaa bobeessuuSirna shaamaa bobeessuu

​Leelloo Nagaraa,Miilanaa Teferraa fi Seenaa Fayyeeraa Nagaaraa barattoota yuniversitii gara garaa keessa baratan. Rakkinna biyya keessatti barattoota irra gahuutti jiru addunyaatti himuuf akka dhufan dubbatan.

 

 

Gabaasa kana caqasaa

 

VOA Amharic: የመንግሥት ኃይሎች ኦሮሚያ ውስጥ እየወሰዱ ያሉት እርምጃ “እጅግ አስከፊ” ናቸው ሲል አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል አውግዟል

የመንግሥት ኃይሎች ኦሮሚያ ውስጥ እየወሰዱ ያሉት እርምጃ “እጅግ አስከፊ” ናቸው ሲል አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል አውግዟል

የመንግሥት ኃይሎች ኦሮሚያ ውስጥ እየወሰዱ ያሉት እርምጃ “እጅግ አስከፊ” ወይም በእንግሊዝኛው ቀጥተኛ አባባል “ብሩታል” ናቸው ሲል ዓለምአቀፉ የሰብዓዊ መብቶች ተሟጋች ቡድን አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል አውግዟል።

የመንግሥት ኃይሎች ኦሮሚያ ውስጥ እየወሰዱ ያሉት እርምጃ “እጅግ አስከፊ” ወይም በእንግሊዝኛው ቀጥተኛ አባባል “ብሩታል” ናቸው ሲል ዓለምአቀፉ የሰብዓዊ መብቶች ተሟጋች ቡድን አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል አውግዟል። እርምጃዎቹ ሁኔታውን ከማባባስ በስተቀር የሚፈይደው የለም ብሎታል፡፡

በጉዳዩ ውስጥ የተሣተፉ ወገኖች ሁሉ ከአመፃና ከሁከት አድራጎት መቆጠብና ድምፆቻቸውን በሰላማዊ መንገድ ቢያሰሙ እንደሚበጅም ቡድኑ መክሯል፡፡

የዓለምአቀፉ የሰብዓዊ መብቶች ተከራካሪ ድርጅት አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል (Amnesty International) ከትናንትና ወድያ ባወጣው መግለጫ የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት በኦሮሚያ ክልል የተነሳው ተቃውሞ ሰልፍ ላይ የወሰደውን የሃል እምርጃ ኮንኗል። መንግስት የኢትዮጵያን ጸረ-ሽበር ህግን በመጥቀስ “ሰልፈኞቹ ከውጭ በሚያገኙት ድጋፍ የኢትዮጵያን ሰላም ለማወክ የጀመሩት ሁከት ነው” ያለውን አምነስቲ መግለጫ አጣጥሎታል።

እስካሁን የመንግሥት ባለስልጣናት አምስት ሰዎች ተገድለዋል ሲሉ፣ የኦሮሞ ፌደራሊስት ኮንግረስ ዋና ጸሐፊ አቶ በቀለ ነጋ በበኩላቸው ከ40 በላይ የሚሆኑ ሰዎች ህወታቸውን ማጣታቸውን ገልጸዋል። የኢትዮጵያ የኮሚውኒኬሽንስ ጉዳዮች ሚኒስትር አቶ ጌታቸው ረዳ በበኩላቸው 4 ፓሊሶች መገደላቸውን ከዚህ በፊት መግለጻቸው ይታወሳል።

የመንግሥት ኃይሎች ኦሮሚያ ውስጥ እየወሰዱ ያሉት እርምጃ “እጅግ አስከፊ” ናቸው

አዶቴይ አክዌ ኒው ዮርክ ያሉትን የአምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል ዩኤስኤን (USA) ከመንግሥት ጋር ያሉ ግንኙነቶች ዋና ዳይሬክተር ናቸው። የኢትዮጵያ የኮሚውኒኬሽንስ ጉዳዮች ሚኒስትር አቶ ጌታቸው ረዳ ያነሱትን የውጭ ድጋፍ ምክንያት እንዴት እንደሚመለከቱት፣ በእአአ በ2014 በተከሰተው ሰልፍ ህወታቸውን ያጡ ዜጎች ፍትህ ባለማግኘታቸው እና እስካሁን በተጠያቂነት የቀረበ አካል ባለመኖሩ ያላቸውን ሃሳብ እንዲያካፍሉን ጠይቀናቸው ነበር።

በተጨማሪም አዶቴይ አክዌ በአሁኑ ሁኔታ ለውጥ ይኖራል ብለው ለምን ይጠብቃሉ ብለን በጠየቅናቸው ጥያቄ የሰጡትን መልሶች ሳሌም ሰለሞን አነጋግራ ተከታዩን አጠናቅራለች፡፡ ከዚህ በታች ያለውን የድምጽ ፋይል በመጫን ያዳምጡ።

የመንግሥት ኃይሎች ኦሮሚያ ውስጥ እየወሰዱ ያሉት እርምጃ “እጅግ አስከፊ” ናቸው ሲል አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል አውግዟል

Hank Cohen’s Africa Blog on Ethiopia

HANK COHEN’S AFRICA BLOG

On Ethiopia

December 18, 2015

The political leaders of the Ethiopian Government have a policy of killing all opponents who take to the streets to demonstrate against them. Other opponents who do not demonstrate but make public statements instead, are sent to jail for long periods.

I fail to understand why the Ethiopian regime feels it necessary to exercise such extreme control to the point of committing murder periodically against their own citizens.  The government is receiving good marks from the international community for its investments in infrastructure and agriculture.  If it could relax and loosen up its controls, it could become popular.

For example, the Ethiopian constitution establishes a federal system with “independent” states.  Indeed, the constitution allows the individual states to secede from the federation if the population so desires.  If the government would allow the people of the individual states to govern themselves, I am sure that none of them would vote to secede. At the same time, their self-government would attract the investments of their own business communities.  At the same time, the current regime could continue to rule at the federal level.

With decentralized power, the requirement for the Ethiopian government to kill citizens in order to remain in power at the Federal level would disappear.

My message to the Government of Ethiopia is, “relax and loosen up. Let the people govern themselves at the state level. The more citizens you kill for no reason, the more difficult it will be for you to govern in peace.”

Press Release of Gambella People’s Liberation Movement (GPLM)

PRESS RELEASE
GAMBELLA PEOPLE’S LIBERATION MOVEMENT (GPLM)

It is with great sadness that we have to witness the killing and massacre of unarmed civilians by the EPRDF forces once again in Ethiopia. The GPLM strongly condemns this heinous atrocity committed by the Ethiopian/EPRDF government forces against peaceful Oromo students who are protesting within their constitutional rights against the land grabbing policy.

Not long ago, when the people of Gambella faced daylight genocide of more than 450 unarmed Anuaks by the Ethiopians armed forces- exactly this month of December, 2003. Every since, we have seen many atrocity being committed all over the country with out impunity by the EPRDF government. The GPLM urged the government to stop this bloody crackdown on peaceful protesters and systematic genocide of non-Tigreans nationality and the people of Ethiopia to occupy their land, which is driven by lust for money and luxuries, while millions of Ethiopians are dying due to lack of food in the country.

The current demonstration of Oromos students is ostensibly a protest because of expansion of Addis Ababa boundary to Oromia, which has nothing to do with economic development nor municipality expansion, but a plan to displace and evict the Oromo farmers from their land.

Like other oppressed nations and nationality, the Oromo people has been politically marginalized, while being the majority in the country. The current demonstration and protest which engulf all over Oromia region, is a deep-rooted historical struggle over injustice, identity, resistance to exploitation of the Oromo’s resources, and the rights to protect their ancestral land.

Thus, the GPLM calls for all Ethiopians who are in the “Woyane”/EPRDF armed and security forces not to fire their bullets against peaceful Oromos students. We also calls on Ethiopian people from north to south and from east to west to joint the Oromos students protest and their quest for justice and democracy in our country. Finally we calls on the EPRDF/”Woyane” government to immediately:

1. Stop the killing of unarmed Oromos students;

2. To unconditionally release all Oromos students who are held captive and illegally put to prison for exercising their constitutional right; and

3. Lastly, we call for independent inquires to investigate the death of Oromos students.

GAMBELLA PEOPLE’S LIBERATION MOVEMENT (GPLM) EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

ጎዳናው የት ያደርሳል? (ከተስፋዬ ገብረአብ (Gadaa))

ጎዳናው የት ያደርሳል?

ከተስፋዬ ገብረአብ (Gadaa)*

አባይ  ፀሃዬ  ስልጣኑን  ከመለስ  ዜናዊ  ከተረከበ  ወዲህ  የመጀመሪያው  ከባድ  ፈተና  ገጥሞታል።  ከሰላሳ ቀናት በፊት ጀልዱ በተባለች ትንሽ መንደር ላይ የተለኮሰው ቁጣ እና አመፅ መላ ኦሮሚያን አጥለቅልቆታል። ይህን ፅሁፍ ከማተሜ በፊትም አመፁ ከኦሮሚያ አልፎ ወደ ምእራብ ጎንደር የተስፋፋ ሲሆን፤ የወያኔ ቡድን የገጠመውን ፈተና በምን አይነት ዘዴ ማፈን እንደሚችል ሲመክር መሰንበቱም እውነት ነው። ይቻላቸው ይሆን? የሚቻልበትም ሆነ የማይቻልበት እድል አለ።
በምርጫ 97 ወያኔ ከመውደቅ ለጥቂት አምልጦአል። መለስ ዜናዊ አዲስአበባን ለቆ ቢሾፍቱ ላይ የማዘዣ ጣቢያውን  ተክሎ  ነበር።  ይዛው  ለመሸሽ  ሄሊኮፕተር  ሞተሯን  ሳታጠፋ  ትጠብቀው  ነበር።  ያ  እድል  በአንዳንድ ሰንካላ  ምክንያቶች  ከመሳካት ተደናቅፏል።  የወያኔ ስርአት ከሽፍታነት ጠባዩ እንዲላቀቅ  ለማስገደድ ይህ የሰሞኑ ህዝባዊ አመፅ ሌላው እድልና ወርቃማ ጊዜ ነው። በርግጥ እንዳጀማመሩ በኦሮሞ ህዝብ መስዋእትነት ብቻ ወያኔ ከስልጣኑ ቢወገድ ለኢትዮጵያ በጎ አይሆንም።  የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ያለማንም ድጋፍ የከፈለውን ያህል ከፍሎ ለመብት ጥያቄው ምላሽ ሊያገኝ  ይችላል። ሂደቱ በዚህ መንገድ ከተጠናቀቀ ከዚያ  በሁዋላ ኢትዮጵያ  እንደ አገር የመቆም እድሏ  አጠያያቂ  ይሆናል።  በዚህ  አጋጣሚ  እያንዳንዱ  ኢትዮጵያዊ  ለመጪው  ዘመን  የሚጠቅም  በጎ  አስተዋፅኦ ማድረግ ከቻለ ግን ኢትዮጵያ ብቻ ሳትሆን አካባቢያችንም ከታላቅ ቀውስ ይድናል።
ይህችን  እየፃፍኩ  ሳለ  71ኛው  ኦሮሞ  የመገደሉን  ዜና  ሰምቻለሁ።  እና  አዝኛለሁ።  በጣም  አዝኛለሁ። ያዘንኩት 71 ኦሮሞዎች በመገደላቸው ብቻ አይደለም። በተያያዘ የብዙ ሺህ የሰው ህይወት ሊጠፋ ይችላል ብዬ በመስጋቴ  ጭምር  ነው።  መቸም  ቢሆን  በከንቱ  ፈሶ  የሚቀር  የሰው  ልጅ  ደም  የለም።  የህወሃት  ጓደኛሞች  በረጋ ህሊና  ቆም  ብለው  እንዲያስቡ  እመኛለሁ።  ጊዜ  አለው  ለሁሉም።  ጊዜ  በራሱ  ቀመር  የራሱ  ተገላቢጦሽ  አለው። እየተገደሉ  ያሉት  ወጣቶች  የሰው  ልጆች  እንጂ  ከጭቃ  የተሰሩ  ጡቦች  አይደሉም።  እና  የማንመኘው  ዘመን እንዳይመጣ መስጋት ይገባል።
በርግጥ  ጊዜው  ደርሶአል።  ‘ጊዜው  የደረሰን  አሳብ  ማቆም  አይቻልም።’  ይባላል።  በአመፅ  ላይ  ያለውን የኦሮሞን  ህዝብ  ወይም  በጥቅሉ  የመብት  ጥያቄ  እያነሳ  ያለውን  ኢትዮጵያዊ  ማፈንም  ሆነ  ገድሎ  መጨረስ አይቻልም። ወያኔ ጊዜ በማራዘም፣ በማሰላቸት፣ ድብደባውን በማጠንከር፣ በገፍ በማሰር፣ ግድያውን በመጨመር አመፁን  አዳክሞ  የማቀዝቀዝን  ስልት  እየተጠቀመ  ነው።  የኦሮሞን  ህዝብ  የመብት  ጥያቄ  ወደ  ብሄር  ግጭት በመጠምዘዝ ለሚወስደው ርምጃ ምክንያት ለማግኘት እየሞከረ ነው። “ኦነግ ከመጣ ይፈጀሃል” በሚል የተለመደ ማስፈራሪያ  በተለይ  የአማራውን  የህብረተሰብ  ክፍል  ከጎኑ  ለማሰለፍ  እየሞከረ  ነው።  ፕሮፌሰር  መሳይ  ከበደ ታህሳስ  15  2015  “Oromo  Uprising:  Danger  and  Opportunity”  በሚል  ርእስ  ባስነበበው  ፅሁፍ የኦሮሞን አመፅ መደገፍ ለኢትዮጵያ አንድነት አደጋ እንዳይኖረው ስጋቱን ገልፆአል። ይህን የመሰለ መሰረት አልባ ጥርጣሬ በአንድነት ሃይሎች ዘንድ ይደመጣል። ለመጥቀስ ያህል መሳይ ከበደ እንዲህ ብሏል፣
Oromo  political  leaders  and  activists,  including  those  of  the  OLF,  should  openly  state that the uprising is not only about Oromo land, Oromo peasants, and Oromia, but that it is also a  democratic  movement  that  includes  and  speaks  for  other  ethnic  groups  as  well.  With  few exceptions,  the  word  “Ethiopia”  is  not  mentioned  even  once  in  the  numerous  declarations made by Oromo leaders and activists. The Oromo leadership must understand that there is no point for other ethnic groups to rise and support the uprising if the whole concept of a common country  is  removed  from  the  political  horizon.  Without  unity,  the  removal  presages  chaos, which is enough to stifle the will to show solidarity with the Oromo revolt.”

መሳይ ከበደ ስጋቱን ከማስነበቡ አንድ ቀን ቀደም ብሎ ግን OLF በለቀቀው መግለጫ እንዲህ ብሎ ነበር፣
This cruel regime is able to commit all these crimes by dividing the people of Ethiopia. Now, time is an essence for all peoples in Ethiopia to stand firm with Oromo people who have been fighting the  TPLF regime for freedom, democracy, justice and human  rights. The Oromo struggle is a struggle for freedom, justice, equality and human rights. When Oromo people are free  from  TPLF  regime,  all  people  in  Ethiopia  will  be  free.  We  are  also  encouraged  by  the support and solidarity of different Ethiopian political & Civil Organizations against the massacre of Oromo students and farmers by the TPLF regime. Now!
The  OLF  calls  upon  all  Ethiopian  to  join  the  Oromo  people  struggle  for  freedom, democracy, justice & human rights, and once for all to dismantle the genocidal regime of TPLF. To that effect , the OLF calls for all inclusive struggle that include  all political parties and civil organizations  that  will  enable  the  Peoples  in  Ethiopia  to  decide  their  destiny  by  establishing government of people , for people and by people in Ethiopia.

We  also  warn  everybody  to  be  vigilant  against  possible  evil  actions  of  the  TPLF  to instigate animosity in the country by destroying property and killing none Oromo’s and blaming on  Oromo’s.  The  TPLF  will  do  this  to  disrupt  this  genuine  movement  towards  freedom, democracy, human rights and justice. The Ethiopian people should be aware of the motives of the TPLF as it has been doing for the last 24 years since it seized political power in Ethiopia. It is widely known that the Oromo people have no problem with other people of Ethiopian, except with  the  TPLF and  the  systems that  have  been killing them,  disposing them  from  their  lands, arresting them & torturing them.”

“OLF  40 አመታት  ታግሎ አንድ  ወረዳ እንኳ  አልያዘም” የሚለው የአንዳንድ ወገኖች ሽሙጥ እውነት አዘል  ትረባ  አልነበረም።  የኦሮሞ  ህዝብ  ትግል  ልብና  አእምሮን  ከጨቋኙ  ስርአት  ነፃ  እያወጣ  በመጨረሻ  ይህን ህብረ  ትግል፤  ይህን  ማመን  የማይቻል  ሰላማዊ  አመፅ  ለማየት  አስችሎናል።  ከአባዱላ  እና  ከባጫ  ደበሌ  በቀር የOPDO  አባላት  ልባቸው  ውስጥ  ከማንኛውም  ኦሮሞ  ያልተለየ  ተመሳሳይ  ጥያቄ  አለ።  መጫና  ቱለማ  ማህበር የለኮሰው  ጥያቄ  በቦታው  አለ።  የኦሮሞ  ህዝብ  ነባር  ጥያቄዎች  ገና  ምላሽ  አላገኙም።  ከአሊ  ቢራ  እስከ  ሃጫሉ ሁንዴሳ፣ ከመረራ ጉዲና እስከ ዱጋሳ በከኮ የኦሮሞ ህዝብ መንፈስ አንድ መሆኑ እየታየ ነው። እነ አቦማ ምትኩ፣ እነ መገርሳ በሪ፣ እነ አባጢቂ ኢንሰርሞ፣ እነ ዶሪ በሪ ሃሞ፣ እነ ይገዙ በንቲ፣ እነ ጨጨብሳ፣ እነ ፋፋም ዶዮ፣ እነ ኢረና ቀጨሌ ህይወታቸውን የሰጡለት ትግል በመጨረሻ እዚህ ደረጃ ላይ ደርሶአል። እነ ባሮ ቱምሳ፣ እነ ማሞ መዘምር፣  የዚህ  አመፅ  መነሻ  የሆነችው  ጀልዱ  ያፈራቻቸው  እነ  አለሙ  ቂጤሳ  ያነሱት  ጥያቄ  ዛሬ  በሚሊዮኖች ተደግፎ  ድምፃቸው  እየተሰማ  ነው።  ማፈን  አይቻልም።  የመብት  ጥያቄ  ነው።  የኦሮሞ  ህዝብ  በፖለቲካና በሃይማኖት ሳይለያይ በአንድ ድምፅ እየጠየቀ ያለውን የመብት ጥያቄ ማቃለል ለአካባቢያችን አደጋ አለው። ርግጥ ነው፤  የኦሮሞ  ህዝብ  ሲወለድ  ጀምሮ  አብሮት  የመጣ  መብቱን  በጉልበቱ  መንጭቆ  የራሱ  እስኪያደርገው  ድረስ ማንም ቢሆን በችሮታ አይሰጠውም። የከፈለውን ያህል ከፍሎም መብትና ክብሩን ማስጠበቁ የማይቀር ነው።

የዘመናችን  ኦሮሞ  ወጣት  አንዲት  ጥይት  ሳይተኩስ  ምን  ማድረግ  እንደሚችል  ልምድ  እና  እውቀት አጊኝቷል። ያገኘው ልምድና  እውቀት  ሃያል መሳሪያ ነው።  አመያ ላይ የአግአዚን ሬጅመንት ከበው  ያርበደበዱት ወጣት  ፈረሰኞችን  አይተናል።  ቆርጦ  በገነፈለ  ህዝብ  ፊት  የታጠቀ  ወታደር  እንደ  አሪቲ  ጉዝጓዝ  ከመሆን  በቀር ሊያደርግ  የሚችለው  ነገር  የለም።  አኖሌ  ዋቆ  እንዳለው፣  የህዝብን  የቁጣ  አይኖች  የመቋቋም  አቅም  ያለው ባለጠመንጃ  የለም።  በዚህ  በሶስት ሳምንታት  ጊዜ ውስጥ  የኦሮሞ  ህዝብ  የ71  ውድ  ልጆቹን  ህይወት  ቢከፍልም ገዳዮቹ ላይ  አፀፋዊ እርምጃ አልወሰደም። ስላልቻለ  አይመስለኝም።  ከገደሉበት  በላይ  መግደል እየቻለ እስካሁን ነፍስ አላጠፋም። መሞትን ያልፈራ መግደል እንደማይቸግረው ግልፅ ነው። እና በዚህ በሰሞኑ አመፅ ኦሮሞ ሲሞት እንጂ ሲገድል አልታየም። ይህ ታጋሽነት፣ ይህ ሰላማዊነት ወደ መራራ በቀልና ቁጣ ሊቀየር የሚችልበት እድል ግን አለ። ማስተዋል ይገባል። አለማስተዋል ለፀፀት ሊዳርግ ይችላል። ብርሃኑ ነጋ እና ንአምን ዘለቀ ሲናገሩ የሰነበቱትን ተከታትያለሁ። ባርኔጣዬን አንስቼላቸዋለሁ። አርበኞች ግንቦት7 ከኦሮሞ ህዝብ ትግል ጎን ለመቆም ያሳየውን ቁርጠኛነት ማክበር እና ማወቅ የሚገባ ይመስለኛል። ኢሳት ቴሌቪዠን  የኦሮሞን  ህዝብ  አመፅና  መስዋእትነት  የራሱ  ጉዳይ  አድርጎ  በመውሰዱ  ሊመሰገን  ይገባዋል።  ሰማያዊ ፓርቲና  መኢአድ  ታክቲካዊ  ሳይሆን  ስታራቴጂያዊ  ርምጃ  መውሰድ  መቻል  አለባቸው።  የኦሮሞን  ህዝብ  አመፅ ከልብ  ደግፈው  ማበር  ከቻሉ  ለአካባቢያችን  መረጋጋት  ጠቃሚ  ውጤት  ያመጣል።  የተከፋፈለ  ቤት  ሲቆም አላየንም። በመጪው ዘመን በአንድ ጎጆም ሆነ በጉርብትና አብሮ መኖር የማይቀር ስለሆነ ስለነገ አጥብቆ ማሰብ ይገባል። በዚህ ወቅት ከኦሮሞ ህዝብ ጎን አለመቆም የኦሮሞ ህዝብ በኢትዮጵያዊነት ማእቀፍ ስር ለመኖር ያለውን ጥቂት  ተስፋ  መግደል  መሆኑን  የማይገነዘብ  ፖለቲከኛ  ኢትዮጵያን  ወደ  ገሃነመ  እሳት  ለመጨመር  እንደተባበረ ማወቅ  አለበት።  የማንመኘው  አደጋ  ከደረሰ  ችግሩ  የእያንዳንዱን  ዜጋ  ጎጆ  ሊያንኳኳ  ይችላል።  የኦሮሞ  ህዝብ የመብት  ጥያቄዎች  በሌሎች  ኢትዮጵያውያንም  ሲነሱ  የቆዩ  ናቸው።  ወያኔ  እንደ  ኢሰፓ  ስርአት  ተግባራዊ ያማያደርገውን  አዋጅ፣  ፖሊሲና  ድንጋጌ  ሲያረቅና  ሲያፀድቅ  የኖረ  ቡድን  እንደመሆኑ  ስርአቱን  የመቀየር  ጥያቄ ትግራይን ጨምሮ የመላ ኢትዮጵያውያን ጥያቄ ሆኖ ቆይቷል።
ሶስተኛ ሳምንቱን የያዘው የኦሮሞ ህዝብ አመፅ ከአዲስ አበባ ማስተር ፕላን ጋር ብቻ የተያያዘ አይደለም። በርግጥ የአዲስ አበባን ማስተር ፕላን መቃወም የአመፁ ቀዳሚ መፈክር ነው። ተያያዥ ጥያቄዎችም ግን በኦሮሞ ህዝብ  ተቃውሞ  ውስጥ  እየተደመጡ  ነው።  “የፖለቲካ  እስረኞች  ያለምንም  ቅድመ  ሁኔታ  ይፈቱ!!”  የሚለው ጥያቄም  ዋና  ነው።  “በመሃመድ  አላሙዲ  ስም  የሚካሄድ  ዝርፊያ  ያብቃ!!”  ሌላው  ጥያቄ  ነው።  የኦሮሞ  ህዝብ ክልሉን  ያለሞግዚት  በራሱ  ማስተዳደር  ይፈልጋል።  ይህም  ቀዳሚ  ጥያቄ  ነው።  Oromiyaan  Haadursitu!!
የሚል  መፈክር  መስማታችን  ያለምክንያት  አይደለም።  ሲታፈንና  ሲዳፈን  ዘመናት  ያስቆጠረው  የመብት  ጥያቄ ስርነቀል  መፍትሄ  ካላገኘ  በጥገናዊ  ለውጥ  ጥያቄዎችን  አፍኖ  ማስቀረት  የሚቻል  አይደለም።  የሚቻል  የነበረበት ዘመን አልፎአል። እድሉም አምልጦአል።
እርግጥ  ነው፤  የኦሮሞ  ህዝብ  የሚያነሳቸው  ጥያቄዎች  የመላ  ኢትዮጵያ  ህዝብ  ጥያቄዎች  ናቸው። በቤኒሻንጉል እና በጋምቤላ ጭቆናና አፈና አለ። በደቡብ ኢትዮጵያም እንዲሁ ጭቆናውን እየተቃወመ የሚሰዋ ዜጋ አለ። በትግራይ ህወሃትን የሚቃወሙ አማፅያን አሉ። እየታገሉ እየተሰው ነው። የወልቃይትና የአርማጭሆ ሚሊሻ የወያኔን  አፋኝ  ስርአት  በመቃወም  ጠመንጃውን  እንዳነገበ  ሰልፍ  ወጥቶአል።  በሰራዊቱ  ውስጥ  ጭምር  የአመፅ እንቅስቃሴዎች አሉ። በጥቅሉ ዛሬ የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ህይወቱን እየከፈለላቸው ያሉ ጥያቄዎች የመላ ኢትዮጵያውያን
ጥያቄዎች ናቸው። ተመስገን ደሳለኝ፣ እስክንድር ነጋ፣ አንዱአለም አራጌ፣ አንዳርጋቸው ፅጌ እና አብርሃ ደስታ ወደ ወያኔ  ማጎሪያ  የተወረወሩት  መሰረታዊ  የሆኑ  የሰው  ልጆች  ዴሞክራሲያዊ  እና  ሰብአዊ  መብቶች  እንዲከበሩ በመጠየቃቸው  ነው።  “የአመለካከት  ልዩነት  አንድን  ዜጋ  እንዲሞት  ወይም  እንዲታሰር  ሊያደርገው  አይገባም” በማለታቸው  በእስር  ቤት  ተቆልፎባቸዋል።  አሊያም  በተለያየ  መንገድ  እንዲሞቱ  ተደርገዋል።  ደበላ  ጣፋ የገብረጉራቻ  ልጅ  ነው።  ከዩንቬርሲቲ  ትምህርቱ  ታፍኖ  ከተወሰደ  በሁዋላ፣  አስር  አመታት  ታስሮ፣  ከሁለት አመታት  በፊት  ተፈትቶ  ነበር።  መንፈሱ  ባለመሰበሩና  ተቃውሞውን  በመቀጠሉ  ገድለው  ሬሳውን  መንገድ  ላይ ጣሉት።  በኦነግ  አባልነታቸው በደርግ  ጊዜ  ታስረው  የነበሩት ኦቦ ሰኚ  ዛሬም  ቃሊቲ  እስር  ቤት  ሲሆኑ፣  በጥቅሉ የእስር  ቤት  ህይወታቸው  ወደ  ሰላሳ  አመታት  ተጠግቶአል።  በመላ  ኦሮሚያ  የተቀሰቀሰው  አመፅ  የአዲስ  አበባን ማስተር ፕላን ከመቃወም በላይ የመረረ ብሶት አምቆ የያዘ ነው። ከአቅሙ በላይ ተለጥጦ ሲያበቃ የፈነዳ አመፅ ነው። ሞት ወይም የመብቶች መከበርን በምሬት የሚጠይቅ ህዝባዊ አመፅ ነው። መታወቅ ያለበት እውነት አለ። ገንፍሎ ያመፀው ህዝብ መንፈሱን አዳክሞ ለጨቋኙ ስርአት የመረጋጋት እድል  ከሰጠ  አንገቱን  ለወያኔ  የበቀል  ካራ  አዘጋጀ  ማለት  ነው።  ስርአት  እየተለዋወጠ  ሲበዘበዝ  የኖረው  ህዝብ የሙሉ መብቶቹን  መከበር  እስከያረጋግጥ በፅናት ከመታገል  የተሻለ  አማራጭ  የለውም።  በዚህ  ወቅት  ማፈግፈግ መሞት ማለት ነው። ትግሉ በቅንጅትና  በፅናት መቀጠል  ከቻለ የሽግግር መንግስት ማቋቋም ያስፈልግ ይሆናል። ብሄራዊ የእርቅ ጥያቄ ወቅታዊ ሊሆን ይችላል። ጥላቻን ከሚያራግቡ ንግግሮችና ፅሁፎች መታቀብ ይገባ ይሆናል። የትግራይ ህዝብ እንደማንኛውም ሌላው ኢትዮጵያዊ የስርአቱ ሰለባ መሆኑን ከልብ ማመንም ይገባል።
በመጨረሻ – ልጆቹን ለሰዋ ቤተሰብ እግዚአብሄር አምላክ መፅናናቱን ይስጥ። አላህ ይርዳን!!
Gadaa Ghebreab    http://www.tgindex.blogspot.com , ttgebreab@gmail.com   December 18, 2015

The United States Concerned By Clashes in Oromia, Ethiopia (U.S. Department of State)

Press Statement

Mark C. Toner
Deputy Department Spokesperson
Washington, DC
December 18, 2015

The United States is deeply concerned by the recent clashes in the Oromia region of Ethiopia that reportedly have resulted in the deaths of numerous protestors. We greatly regret the deaths that have occurred and express our condolences to the families of those who have lost their lives.

We urge the government of Ethiopia to permit peaceful protest and commit to a constructive dialogue to address legitimate grievances. We also urge those protesting to refrain from violence and to be open to dialogue. The government of Ethiopia has stated publicly that the disputed development plans will not be implemented without further public consultation. We support the government of Ethiopia’s stated commitment to those consultations and urge it to convene stakeholders to engage in dialogue as soon as possible.

Ethiopia: Lethal Force Against Protesters (HRW)

Military Deployment, Terrorism Rhetoric Risk Escalating Violence

(Nairobi) – Ethiopian security forces have killed dozens of protesters since November 12, 2015, in Oromia regional state, according to reports from the region. The security forces should stop using excessive lethal force against protesters.

Protesters in Oromia region, Ethiopia, December 2015.

Police and military forces have fired on demonstrations, killing at least 75 protesters and wounding many others, according to activists. Government officials have acknowledged only five deaths and said that an undisclosed number of security force members have also been killed. On December 15, the government announced that protesters had a “direct connection with forces that have taken missions from foreign terrorist groups” and that Ethiopia’s Anti-Terrorism Task Force will lead the response.

“The Ethiopian government’s response to the Oromia protests has resulted in scores dead and a rapidly rising risk of greater bloodshed,” said Leslie Lefkow, deputy Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “The government’s labelling of largely peaceful protesters as ‘terrorists’ and deploying military forces is a very dangerous escalation of this volatile situation.”

Protests by students began in Ginchi, a small town 80 kilometers southwest of Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa, when authorities sought to clear a forest for an investment project. Protests quickly spread throughout the Oromia region, home of Ethiopia’s estimated 35 million Oromo, the country’s largest ethnic group.

They evolved into larger demonstrations against the proposed expansion of the Addis Ababa municipal boundary, known as the “Addis Ababa Integrated Development Master Plan.” Approximately 2 million people live in the area of the proposed boundary expansion and many protesters fear the plan could displace Oromo farmers and residents living near the city.

Since mid-November, the protesting students have been joined by farmers and other residents. Human Rights Watch received credible reports that security forces shot dozens of protesters in Shewa and Wollega zones, west of Addis Ababa, in early December. Several people described seeing security forces in the town of Walliso, 100 kilometers southwest of Addis Ababa, shoot into crowds of protesters in December, leaving bodies lying in the street.

Numerous witnesses told Human Rights Watch that security forces beat and arrested protesters, often directly from their homes at night. Others described several locations as “very tense” with heavy military presence and “many, many arrests.” One student who took part in protests in West Shewa said, “I don’t know where any of my friends are. They have disappeared after the protest. Their families say they were taken by the police.”

Local residents in several areas told Human Rights Watch that protesters took over some local government buildings after government officials abandoned them. Protesters have also set up roadblocks to prevent the movement of military units into communities. Some foreign-owned commercial farms were looted and destroyed near Debre Zeit, 50 kilometers southeast of Addis Ababa, news media reported.

Human Rights Watch has not been able to corroborate the precise death toll and many of the details of individual incidents because of limited independent access and restricted communications with affected areas. There have also been unconfirmed reports of arrests of health workers, teachers, and others who have publicly shown support for the protest movement through photos and messages on social media.

The United Nations Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials provide that security forces shall as far as possible apply nonviolent means before resorting to the use of force. Whenever the lawful use of force is unavoidable, the authorities should use restraint and act in proportion to the seriousness of the offense. Lethal force may only be used when strictly unavoidable to protect life.

The Ethiopian government should respect freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, Human Rights Watch said. While police have the responsibility to maintain order during protests, they should only use force when strictly necessary and in a proportionate manner.

Ethiopia’s government regularly accuses people who express even mild criticism of government policy of association with terrorism. Dozens of journalists, bloggers, protesters, and activists have been prosecuted under the country’s draconian 2009 Anti-Terrorism Proclamation.

On December 16, 2015, Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said that the government “will take merciless legitimate action against any force bent on destabilizing the area.” The same day, Getachew Reda, the government communication affairs office minister, said that “an organized and armed terrorist force aiming to create havoc and chaos have begun murdering model farmers, public leaders and other ethnic groups residing in the region.” While there have been some recent reports of violence by protesters, according to information obtained by Human Rights Watch, the protests have overwhelmingly been peaceful.

Ethiopia’s pervasive restrictions on independent civil society and media mean that very little information is coming from affected areas although social media are filled with photos and videos of the protests. Authorities have cut mobile phone coverage in some of the key areas, particularly areas where there is significant military deployment, raising concerns over the potential crackdown. In communities where there is mobile phone coverage, witnesses reported repeated gunfire and a heavy military presence.

The authorities’ response to past protests in Oromia raises serious concerns for the safety of protesters and others arrested, Human Rights Watch said. In Oromia in April and May 2014, security forces used live ammunition against largely peaceful student protesters, killing several dozen people, and arrested hundreds more. Some of those arrested are still detained without charge. Former detainees told Human Rights Watch that they were tortured and otherwise ill-treated in detention. On December 2, 2015, five Oromo students were convicted under the counterterrorism law for their role in the protest movement. There has been no government investigation into the use of excessive force and live ammunition during the 2014 protests.

While both the 2014 and current protests are ostensibly responding to the Addis Ababa expansion plan, they also derive from deeper grievances, Human Rights Watch said. Many Oromos have historically felt marginalized and discriminated against by successive Ethiopian governments, and Oromos are often arbitrarily arrested and accused of belonging to the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), which waged armed struggle in the past and which the government designates a terrorist organization.

Under the UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms, in cases of death or serious injury, appropriate agencies are to conduct a review and a detailed report is to be sent promptly to the competent administrative or prosecutorial authorities. The government should ensure that arbitrary or abusive use of force and firearms by law enforcement officials is punished as a criminal offense. Superior officers should be held responsible if they knew or should have known that personnel under their command resorted to the unlawful use of force and firearms but did not take all measures in their power to prevent, suppress, or report such use.

The Ethiopian government should support prompt, independent investigations into the events in Oromia region, including by UN and African Union (AU) human rights experts on freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association. Governments and intergovernmental organizations, including the AU, should raise concerns about the excessive use of force against protesters and call on Ethiopia to respect fundamental human rights in its response to the protests, Human Rights Watch said.

“Ethiopia’s security forces seem to have learned nothing from last year’s protests, and, instead of trying to address the grievances that are catalyzing the protests, are shooting down more protesters,” Lefkow said. “Concerned governments and institutions should call on Ethiopia to halt its excessive use of force and stop this spiral into further violence.”

OPDO IS UNDER SEVERE TENSION IN HARAR – WE HAVE THEIR NEW TRAINING MANUAL (SiiTube)

OPDO IS UNDER SEVERE TENSION IN HARAR – WE HAVE THEIR NEW TRAINING MANUAL

Ethiopia security forces kill up to 50 people in crackdown on peaceful protests (The Independent, UK)

Ethiopia security forces kill up to 50 people in crackdown on peaceful protests

Attempted land grab by Ethiopian government has led to violence against ethnic group
People from the Oromia region, close to Addis Ababa, have been discriminated against by Ethiopia’s ruling ethnic groups

The violence-torn Horn of Africa is seeing a fresh wave of repression as Ethiopian authorities crack down on protests by the country’s largest ethnic minority.

Human rights groups say an attempted land grab by the federal government has seen violence flare in the Oromia region, with up to 50 protesters killed by security forces so far this month.

Campaigners from the Oromo ethnic group say they have been labelled “terrorists” by Ethiopian authorities as they fight the government’s plan to integrate parts of Oromia into the capital Addis Ababa.

Some Oromo protesters fear that they will be forcibly evicted from their land as part of the rapid expansion of the capital, which they call a federal “master plan”.

The government has claimed that the protesters are planning to “destabilise the country” and that some of them have a “direct link with a group that has been collaborating with other proven terrorist parties”.

International observer groups have condemned the violent crackdown on protest movements, however.

“Instead of condemning the unlawful killings by the security forces, which have seen the deaths of more than 40 people in the last three weeks, this statement in effect authorises excessive use of force against peaceful protesters,” said Muthoni Wanyeki, Amnesty International’s regional director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes.

“The suggestion that these Oromo – protesting against a real threat to their livelihoods – are aligned to terrorists will have a chilling effect on freedom of expression for rights activists,” he said.

The latest round of protests, now in their third week, has seen the federal government mobilise its Special Paramilitary Police units from other states, as well as army units, against the ethnic Oromo people, Ethiopia’s biggest ethnic group of about 25 million people out of a population of approximately 74 million.

The protests began last month in Ginci, a small town about 50 miles west of Addis Ababa. Initially, campaigners’ demands were limited and concerned the fate of a local stadium and the clearing of nearby forest for development by foreign investors.

The uprising spread quickly, however, to more than 130 towns across Oromia. And gruesome images of protesters wounded, or killed by security forces appeared on social media sites despite deliberate power blackouts and disruption of internet services.

The Prime Minister, Hailemariam Desalegn, said on state television on Wednesday evening that the government knew that “destructive forces are masterminding the violence from the front and from behind”. He said he would take “merciless legitimate action against any force bent on destabilising the area”. The government said that the outlawed Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) was involved.

Ethiopia’s anti-terrorism legislation permits the government to use unrestrained force against suspected terrorists, including pre-trial detention of up to four months.

People that have been subject to pre-trial detention under the anti-terrorism law have reported widespread use of torture and ill-treatment. All claims of torture and ill-treatment should be promptly and independently investigated by the authorities.

“The government should desist from using draconian anti-terrorism measures to quell protests and instead protect its citizen’s right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly,” said Ms Wanyeki.

Since moving into Ethiopia’s highlands in the 1600s, the Oromos have been discriminated against by the ruling Tigray and Amhara classes, who often saw them as “uncivilised”, according to the historian John Markakis.

IBSA MOOTUMMAATTI DEEBII ABO FI KFOn KENNAN (VOA Afaan Oromoo)

Namoo Daandii
ABO,Mootummaa fi KFOABO,Mootummaa fi KFO

Mormii Oromiyaa keessatti geggeessamaa jiru ilaalchisuun Muummicha-ministaraa Itiyophiyaa dabalee aangawoonni biyyattii ol’aanoon ibsa kennanii jiran. Ministarii Dhimma Koomiyuunikeeshinii Mootummaa Itiyoophiyaa, Obbo Getaachew Raddaa, tuta sabaa-himaa biyya keessaaf ibsa kennanii fi Raadiyoo Sagalee Ameerikaa waliin gaaffii fi deebii geggeessaniin, jeeqama dudduuba taa’anii akka inni belbelu ka gochaa jiran dhaabota biyya keessatti sirnaan galmaawanii sosso’anii fi kanneen biyya alaa jiran  akka shororkeessotaatti ramadamani jechuun balaaleffatanii jiran.Ibsawwan Ministarichi Dhimmoota Komiyunikeeshinii Itiyoophiyaa kennan kanaaf akka deebii kennan ka gaafataman Addi Bilisummaa Oromoo fi Kongiresiin Federaa;awa Oromoo, “mootummaan Itiyoophiyaa maqaa adda addaa waamee itti-gaafatama dhaaba biraatti dabarsuu yaaluu irra gaaffii uummata irraa dhihaateef iddoo kennee deebii barbaachisu kennuu qaba” jedhan.

Dubbi-himaan Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo, Obbo Toleeraa Adabaa Raadiyoo Sagalee Ameerikaaf ibsa kennaniin, “ABO miti ka mormicha  kakaase.Mormiin Oromiyaa keessaa mormii uummataa ti. Uummaa miidhaa barootaaf irratti geggeessame baachuu dadhabee ka’e.” jedhan.

Gama biraatiin, dhaaba mormituu biyya keessaa irraa  barreessaan Koongiresa Federaalawa Oromoo, Obbo Beqqelee Nagaas, kan uummaticha mormiif kakaase hammaachaa deemuu hacuuccaa mootummaa akka tahe dubbatu. “Miseensonni keenyas tahe uummatni mirga isaaf karaa nagaa falmachuun mirga heerri biyyaa kenneef” jedhu.

Guutummaa gabaasaa kanaa dhaggeeffadhaa

http://www.voaafaanoromoo.com/audio/3107686.html

Hiriira Maaster Pilaaniif bahe falmuuf qonnaan bultoonnis itti dabalamaa jiru (VOA Afaan Oromoo)

Oromo Protest(FILE)Barattonni Oromoo Maaster pilaanii Finfinneef ba’e mormuun torbanneen darban sadiif hiriiraa gaggeessuu isaanii Martaa Van Der Wolf Finfinnee irraa gabaastee jirti.

Yeroo kanattis humnootii nagaa eegsisanii fi hiriirtota gidduutti walitti bu’iinsa uumameen yoo xiqqaate lubbuu nama galaafatee jetti.Hiriira gaggeeffame keessaa naannoo Oromiyaa kanneen Finfinnee marsanii jiran keessatti hatattamaan faca’uu isaa fi qonnaan bultootaa fi lammiwwaan biyyattii ka biroon hiriia kanatti dabalamaa kan jiran ta’u gabaastee jirti.

Hiriirri kun hangi tokko biyya jeequuf kan karoorfame jechuun himatan.

Sodaa nageenyaaf jecha maqaan isaa ifa akka hin baane kan gaafate namnii tokko akka jedheetti jetti Maartaan humnootiin nageenya eegsisan Oromiyaa keessatti bobbaafamnii iddoo baayyeetti uummanni sochii kanatti akka hin dabalamnee ittisaa jiru.

Itiyoophiyaan biyyoota dinagdeen isaanii hatattamaan guddataa jiran keeessaa tokko yoo taatu garuu amma iyyuu uummata ishee 3 keessaa harkii 1 jireenya sadarkaa hiyyumaa gaditti jiraatu.

Uumatti ishee miliyoona hedduun waggaa kana keessaa caamaa mudataa jiruun rakkataa jiran.

Gabaasa kana caqasaa

http://www.voaafaanoromoo.com/audio/3107657.html

ሱሉልታ የደረሰው ሕዝባዊ ተቃውሞ አራት ኪሎ ይደርሳል በሚል ፍራቻ በሰሜን አዲስ አበባ ትምህርት ቤቶች ተዘጉ

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(ዘ-ሐበሻ) በኦሮሚያ ክልል የተነሳውና የተቀጣጠለው የሕዝብ ቁጣ ሱሉልታ መድረሱን ዘ-ሐበሻ ቀደም ብላ መዘገቧ አይዘነጋም:: ሕወሓት የሚመራው መንግስት ሂሊኮፕተር ጭምር በማንቀሳቀስ ሱሉልታን ሲያምስ የዋለ ሲሆን ሕዝቡም የጎጃም መንገድን ዘግቶ እንደነበር ይታወሳል::

የሱሉልታው ሕዝባዊ ቁጣ አዲሱ ገበያ ከዛም አልፎ አራት ኪሎ ቤተመንግስት ይደርሳል ብሎ የሰጋው መንግስት ዛሬ በአዲስ አበባ ሰሜናማው ክፍል የሚገኙ ትምህርት ቤቶችን ዘግቷል:: በተለይ ቀኑ አርብ በመሆኑና ቅዳሜና እሁድም በአዲስ አበባ ትምህርት ስለማይኖር እፎይታን አገኛለሁ ብሎ ያዳመረው መንግስት በከፍተኛ ውጥረት ውስጥ ይገኛል ተብሏል::

እንደ ዘ-ሐበሻ የዜና ምንጮች ከሆነ ከሱሉልታ ወደ አዲስ አበባ የሚደረጉ የመኪና ጉዞዎች ከተቋረጡ 2 ቀናቸውን የያዙ ሲሆን በመንግስት ላይ ከፍተኛ የሆነ ጫናን ፈጥሮበታል:: ከአዲስ አበባ በሱሉልታ በኩል የሚያልፉ መንገዶችም ከተዘጉ እንዲሁ 2ኛ ቀናቸውን አስቆጥረው ሶሰስተኛቸውን ይዘዋል::

በአዲስ አበባ በማንኛውም ጊዜ ሕዝባዊ ቁጣው ይነሳል ተብሎ እየተጠበ ነው::

Statement of the Oromo Liberation Front Regarding the War that the Ethiopian Government Has declared on the Oromo People

The illegitimate TPLF/EDRDF led Ethiopian regime, who has been jailing, killing and torturing the Oromo people over the last 25 years, has renewed a second round of war on the Oromo people on December 15, 2015 and has empowered its military force on the Oromo people and Oromia for the purpose of suppressing the protest of the people which is being conducted in Oromia peacefully. Although this war of declaration is not new, there is no doubt that it will result in massacre of peaceful civilians.

This futile attempt of this regime, which has been suppressing and exploiting all the peoples of Ethiopia after coming to power through force of arms in order to silence all peaceful resistance against its repressive rule will not produce any solution other than facilitating its demise. Therefore the Oromo Liberation (OLF) would like to reiterate that the current TPLF led Ethiopian government and the international community who are silently watching will be ultimately responsible for any massacre that is to be perpetrated on the Oromo people.

The Oromo peoples have no choice other defending themselves from the renewed war declared on them by the regime and abort the war of aggression using all possible means. It is the inalienable right of the Oromo peoples to defend themselves. Therefore the OLF would like to make the following calls in order to defend this war of aggression.

  1. To all Oromo nationals who have received military training and currently living with the people:
    Organize yourself in your local village and defend your people from this genocidal renewed war declared on them.
  2. To all Oromo nationals who are armed with military weapon:
    This war of aggression declared on the Oromo people is also a war declared on you. Therefore you should save your people from massacre using the weapon you possess. Do not give your weapon to the regime and disarm yourself. You should side with your people during such difficult times. We urge you to give your weapon to fighters of freedom around you who have military training.
  3. To all Oromo nationals in the Diaspora
    The response of the repressive regime to the legitimate question of our people at home has been bullets. Your people at home, including school children, are sacrificing their lives in the mass protests. Stand with us and your people who are struggling to get away with a century of oppression by all means you can. Support those on the frontlines with your money and resources.
  4. To all nations and nationalities Living in Oromia:
    It is easy to imagine that the enemy will use various sabotages in order to silence the popular movement. The regime wishes to extend its rule by making you its allies against the Oromo people by disseminating false propaganda. You should understand that the realization of the right of the Oromo people does not violate the rights of any nationality in Oromia. Therefore, we call up on you to participate in the struggle and get rid of the suppression and exploitation that we all faced together over the last 25 years. You should side with your oppressed brethren by saying “we should not be fooled any more by the enemy”.
  5. To all sons and daughters of nations and nationalities serving in the military, police and special forces of the regime:
    The objective of the struggle of the Oromo people is to realize the alienable right of the Oromo over their forefathers land and is not intended to harm anyone. Therefore, do not see the Oromo people as your enemy being deceived by a false propaganda of the re-gime. The OLF will call upon you to stop arresting, beating and killing the Oromo peo-ple. We would like to reiterate that the time will come when you will be individually responsible for the killings you are committing today.
  6. To the International Community:
    It is well known that the current TPLF-led government is a repressive regime which is contrary to the wish of the peoples of the country; it has demonstrated by the actions it is taking from time to time that it does not respect the democratic right of the people and it has been an obstacle to the freedom of nations and nationalities. The evidence for this is the cruel and brutal action of enmity on peoples of Ethiopia in general and the Oromo people in particular. Today, the situation has been worsened and has grown to a level of genocide. In order to save themselves, it will be mandatory that the Oromo peoples de-fend themselves from a genocidal war declared on them. If the current situation in Ethio-pia is not resolved quickly, it will lead to human catastrophe and massacre such as the one the world has seen in Rwanda. Therefore, it is the responsibility and obligation of all who believe in peace and democracy to prevent such heinous massacre. We would like to reiterate that prevention of such crime is particularly the responsibility of the United Nations.

In conclusion, the OLF asks the international community to exert the necessary and meaningful pressure on the TPLF-led terrorist Ethiopian regime to stop its act of vio-lence on the Oromo and respect the right of the people to peacefully express their griev-ances and present their questions. If not, the international community will bear historical responsibly for the massacre that will follow by the TPLF regime.

Victory to the Oromo People!

Oromo Liberation Front
December 16, 2015

*************************

Lola Mootummaan Itophoyaa Ummata Oromoo Irratti Labsee Ilaaluun


Ibsa Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo

Muddee 16, 2015

Mootummaan murna bicuu Wayyaanee lola waggoota 25f ummata Ormoo irratti labsee, ajjeessaa fi hidhaa jiraate, labsa isaa Muddee 15, 2015 marraa lammafaaf haaromsuun mormii karaa nagaa ummatni Oromoo adeemsisaa jiru ukkaamsuuf Oromiyaa irratti humna waraanaa aangoomsee jira. Lolli ummata Oromoo irratti labsame kun haaraa tahuu baatullee, kan duraanii irra dhumaatii lammiilee fayyaaleeyyii kan dhalchu tahuun hin shakkisiisu.

–Ibsa Guutuu – Afaan Oromoo
–Full Document – Amharic version

Rights groups criticise Ethiopia suppression of deadly protests (News24)

Rights groups criticise Ethiopia suppression of deadly protests

2015-12-17

Ethiopian flags fly at half mast in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, after the death of Meles Zenawi. (Elias Asmare, AP)

Ethiopian flags fly at half mast in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, after the death of Meles Zenawi. (Elias Asmare, AP)

Nairobi – Rights groups on Thursday called on Ethiopia to rein in security forces they say have violently suppressed weeks of protests the government has blamed on “terrorists.”
Amnesty International says some 40 people have been killed, criticising the use of “draconian anti-terrorism measures to quell protests.” The government has said five are confirmed dead.

Government spokesperson Getachew Reda said the “peaceful demonstrations” that began last month had escalated into violence, accusing protesters of “terrorising the civilians.”

Protests have taken place in towns including Haramaya, Jarso, Walliso and Robe, sparked by fears over land grabbing as the capital Addis Ababa expands onto land traditionally occupied by the Oromo people, the country’s largest ethnic group.

Amnesty International criticised a government linking of protesters with “terrorist” groups.

“Instead of condemning the unlawful killings by the security forces, which have seen the deaths of more than 40 people in the last three weeks, this statement in effect authorises excessive use of force against peaceful protesters,” said Amnesty’s regional chief Muthoni Wanyeki.

“Instead of calling protesters ‘terrorists’, Ethiopia should rein in security forces and respect rights,” Human Rights Watch said.

Rights groups have repeatedly criticised Ethiopia’s use of anti-terrorism legislation to stifle peaceful dissent.

‘Unprecedented’ Protests in Ethiopia Against Capital Expansion Plan (VOA News)

‘Unprecedented’ Protests in Ethiopia Against Capital Expansion Plan

 Map of Oromia region of Ethiopia
Map of Oromia region of Ethiopia
Marthe van der Wolf

 

Students from the Oromo ethnic group in Ethiopia have been protesting for three weeks against an urban expansion plan around the capital that they fear will lead to land grabs without proper compensation. Security forces have clashed with demonstrators, killing at least five people this week.

The student protests have spread quickly through the Oromo region that surrounds the capital. Farmers and other citizens have been joining the demonstrations.

The government accuses some of the protesters of trying to destabilize the country.

Restricted access

One resident, who wished to remain anonymous out of concern for his safety, said security forces deployed to the region are controlling many access points to stop more people from joining the movement.

“Most of the protesters are farmers,” said one resident. “They came from the rural village into the town. The defense forces, already some of them left to the local areas, to the rural village. The police is also arresting some of those participants.”

The Ethiopian government says it can confirm five deaths from clashes with security forces, while opposition groups say 60 people have been killed so far.

Amnesty International said Wednesday the protests are being “violently suppressed.”

Protests against the “Addis Ababa Integrated Regional Development Plan” also erupted in April 2014, resulting in mass arrests and several dozen deaths during clashes with security forces.

Expansion plan

The master plan is an expansion blueprint for the capital. Citizens in the surrounding Oromia federal regional state say they are concerned the proposed infrastructure will gobble up their land and endanger their cultural heritage. Oromos are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, making up about a third of the population.

The government promised to hold inclusive consultations on the master plan after the 2014 protests. Opposition leader Merera Gudina of the Oromo People’s Congress said those discussions were never held.

“We try several times, they refused. Then we tried to organize open public meetings, again they refused, they blocked us,” said Gudina. “Then what we got is this. People are really fed up of this government, their life, especially the young people are fed up of everything.”

Merera is calling for the scrapping of the master plan and transformation of the regional government. The government says the master plan has not been implemented yet, though opposition groups allege that farmers already are being evicted.

Stress points

Protests in Ethiopia are rare. The ruling party has been in power since 1991 and won all seats in parliament during the last national elections in May.

Tensions are there, however, said Hallelujah Lulie of the Institute of Security Studies.

“I think what we are witnessing is an unprecedented level of protests. And I don’t think the security forces and the government was prepared for such level of movement,” said Lulie. “And also I believe, it showed us the ill-preparedness of the state to handle such kind of demands.”

Ethiopia is one of Africa’s fastest growing economies. Still, almost a third of its population lives below the poverty line, and millions of people are being affected by an ongoing drought this year.

Press Release of ONLF (Ogaden National Liberation Front) on the Current Situation in Oromia and in Ethiopia

Ogaden National Liberation Front

Press Release

The Ethiopian regime has a history of repeatedly committing heinous crimes. The type and scale of the crimes it has perpetrated on the people of Oromia, Ogaden and other ethnic groups for the last 24 years of the regime are well documented by prominent international human rights organizations such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International. With no consequences for its actions from the international community, the regime is emboldened to continuously killing unarmed civilians.

The Ogaden National Liberation front condemns the perpetrators of this heinous crimes and calls upon the International Community to make the Ethiopian regime accountable for executing this massacre against Oromo people.

ONLF sends its condolences to the families of Oromo Students who have been murdered by the oppressive tyranny TPLF regime. We urge all oppressed people to fight, shoulder to shoulder in unison against the minority government led by TPLF. We also call upon all nations in Ethiopia to join their legitimate efforts to bring a democratic change in Ethiopia where all nations are accorded fully their rights to be the masters of their own destiny.

Issued by ONLF

December 16, 2015

#OromoProtests Names of 72 people killed so far by the TPLF regime over the last one month.

#OromoProtests Names of 72 people killed so far by the TPLF regime over the last one month.

======================================

1. Karasa Chala……….W. Waaga…Guliso
2. Gutu Kalbesa……….W. Wolaga…Guliso
3. Gezang Olika………..E. Walaga…Guduru
4. Lucha Gamachu……W. Walaga…Inango
5. Ayana Banti…………..W. Walaga…Inango
6. Tafari Dhangia………E. Walaga.Jimarjo
7. Dame Dabali…………W. Walaga..Maqnajo
8. Gamachis Tilahun….W. Walaga..Najo
9. Tilahun Mulata………W. Wlaga.D/Dolo
10. Kano Tola……………..E. Waolaga..Gabate
11. Ebisa Tucho………….E.Walaga…Fincha
12. Alazar Kalbesa………W. Walaga….Inango
13. Mifta Jundi……………W.Hararge…Badano
14. Murad Abdu……….E.Hararge…Haromaya
15. Dajane Sarbesa……S.W. Shawa…Gindo
16. Bekele Soboka…….. W. Shawa…Mugar
17. Bekele Seifu………….W. Shawa…Mugar
18. Chala Tashoma……..W. Shawa…Babicha
19. Abdeta Bayisa………W. Shawa…Babicha
20. Dule…………………….W. Shawa…Gedo
21. Tamene Tsegaye………..W. Shawa…Gedo
22. Daraje Gadisa……….W. Shawa….Gedo
23. Fikadu Girma………..W. Shawa….Gedo
23 . Ulfata Chimdi………..W. Shawa…Ambo
24. Girma Ragasa……….W. Shawa…Ambo
25. Lamesa Fayisa……..W. Shawa…Ambo
26. Chalchisa Gonfa…..W. Shawa…Asgori
27 .Bilbila Lalisa………….W. Shoa..Asgori
28. Debela Tafa…………N.Shawa…Chancho
29. Diso Milkesa………..SW. Shawaa…Ilfata
30. Yalaw Damise………SW. Shawa..Ilfata
31. Abebe Bulo………….SW. Shawa…Waliso
32. Tade Sefera…………SW. Shawa…Amaya
33. Solomon Mogos…..SW. Shawa…Amaya
34. Lencho Hundara…..SW. Shwaa…Waliso
35. Sarbesa Sirnesa…..SW. Shawa…Citu
36. Ayana Rikita………..SW. Shawa..Waliso
37. Wako Moroda………SW. Shawa..Waliso
38. Habtamu Tsagaye..SW. Shawa..Waliso
39. Tariku Asefa…………SW. Shawa..Waliso
40. Boru Gutama………..SW. Shawa..Amaya
41. Inawagaw Hayilu….W. Shawa..Gindabrat
42. Abdeta Lata………..W. Shawa..Gindabrat
43. Bayisa Gedafa…….W. Shawa..Gindabrat
44. Tadesa Dhaba…….W. Shoa..Gindabrat
45. Kabade Tafa………..W. Shawa..Gindabrat
46. Tadese Tsige………W. Shawa….Gindabrat
47. Tadese Dhaba…….W. Shawa..Gindabrat
48. Biranu Hayilu………W. Shawa..Gindabrat
49. Tadese Abdisa…….W. Shawa..Wanchi
50. Kebede Tadesa……W. Shawa..wanchi
51. Daraje Warkine……..W. Shawa..Wanchi
52. Sirnesa Sarbesa……W. Shawa..Wanchi
53. Tashale Irgesa………W. Shawa..wanchi
54. Aschalo Worku……..W. Shawa..Ginchi
55. Seifu Tura…………….W. Shawa…Ginchi
56. Zarihun..NA………….W. Shawa…Ginchi
57. Gelane Bekana………W. Shawa….Chitu
58. Ashanafi …..NA……..W. Shawa…Ginchi
59. Dinka Chala…………..W. Shawa…Ginchi
60. Tsagaye Abara………W. Shawa..Jaldu
61. Tadasa Jambare……W. Shawa…Jaldu
62. Baqalaa Ragasa……W. Shawa.. Jaldu
63. Biranu Bajiga………..W. Shawa….Jaldu
64. Chaltu Tadesa………W. Shawa….Jaldu
65. Dajane Bayisa……….W. Shawa….Jaldu
66. Nato Guluma…………W. Shawa….Jaldu
67. Magarsa Baji…………W. Shawa….Jaldu
68. Bekele Tumsa………..W. Shawa…Jaldu
69. Abeba Gabisa………..W. Shawa….Jaldu
70. Huseen Dula………….W. Arsi…Adaba
71. Misra Haji Nabo………W. Arsi…Dodola
72. Nasredin Mohamed…W. Arsi..Adaba

wpid-candle-animated.gifOromia shall be free!

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