Nesro Hussein Roba: TPLF’s Economic And Political Domination, and Marginalization of Oromia (Ethiopia)
Nesro Hussein Roba
The Oromo people account of more than 45% of the Ethiopian population and are the largest ethnic group in the country. The land of the Oromo Nation is known as OROMIA. It is located on the Horn of Africa within the Ethiopian empire. The geographical boundaries of Oromia are the two Sudan, Kenya, Somalia and other states in the Ethiopia. The capital city of Oromia is Finfinnee(Addis Ababa). Oromia has a land surface area of approximately 600,000 sq.km. The land of the Oromo Nation is known as OROMIA. It is located on the Horn of Africa within the Ethiopian empire. The geographical boundaries of Oromia are the two Sudan, Kenya, Somalia and other states in the Ethiopian empire. The capital city of Oromia is Finfinnee (Addis Ababa). Oromia has a land surface area of approximately 600,000 sq.km. The Great Rift Valley, that extends from Lebanon to Mozambique and passes through Oromia, the predominant economic sector of Oromia is based upon agriculture. This sector accounts for 51% of food production of the Ethiopian empire. Thus, Oromia is the single major source of food supplier of the empire. Oromia also produces 63% of Ethiopia’s empire agricultural export. In addition, Oromia possess the largest livestock population of the Ethiopian empire. It is claimed that Coffee originated in the Oromo region. Oromia alone produces 53% of the total coffee production of the empire. It should be noted that coffee makes over 60% of the export products of the Ethiopian empire.
Even if it is the Era of Ethnic/geographic federalism in Ethiopia, Oromo has been almost de-ethnicized and Oromos’ century long struggle against assimilation and protecting their culture, identity and social unit resulted in the establishment of OLF in 1974. The OLF agenda is that, if the Oromo people cannot forge a voluntary union with others based on equality, respect for individual and collective rights, and promotion of mutual interest, then the people shall exercise their inalienable right to form their own independent state to promote peace and prosperity.
The struggle of the Oromo people, then, is nothing more than an attempt to affirm their own place in history. It seeks equality, human dignity, democracy, freedom and peace. It is not directed against the masses of a nation or nationality, nor against individuals, but rather against Ethiopian colonialism led by the Abyssinian ruling class. Thus, it is the Ethiopian colonial system, and not the Amhara/Tigrean masses or individuals, which is under critical consideration.
Today when nearly all of the African peoples have won independence, the Oromo continue to suffer under the most backward and savage Ethiopian settler colonialism. All genuinely democratic and progressive individuals and groups, believing in peace, human dignity and liberty should support the Oromo struggle for liberation.
Although the Oromo nation is one of the largest in Africa, it is forgotten by or still unknown to the majority of the world today. Unfortunately, even the name Oromo is unknown to many, and this should not be allowed to continue.
The main purpose of this summary is to introduce readers briefly to the Oromo people political, social and economic harassments based on the international Organization Reports.
According to “allafrica,7 September 2017” report, Ethiopia is susceptible to instability and recorded the greatest worsening globally over 2016, as to Fragile states Index 2017.Antigovernment protests led to declaration of the state of the emergency and a crackdown on political opponents and media. The Protests were associated with; Addis Ababa Oromia Integrated master plan surrounding Addis up to 100 km of radius High Corruption and Financial Illicit or withdrawal of huge capital to foreign countries as reported by Global Financial Integrity. Unfair distribution of wealth and Land Unfair distribution of Military, National Intelligence and Federal Authorities/All positions captured by the minority TPLF—Tigray people Liberation Front authorities/, to mention some of them:
General Samora Yenus-Military Chief
Dr.Debretsiyon G/ Michael_Telecom.Chief
Abay Tsehaye-National Affairs
Getachew Asefa- National Intellegency
Aregash Beyene-Federal police
Dr. Tewdros Adhanom-Former Ministry of Health
Seyum Mesfin Former Foreign Minister
Dr.Arkebe Ekubay-Former Addis Ababa Mayor
All are from TPLF and the minority people Tigray, but by holding the key positions, they are ruling the countries for the last 27 years.On top of that,they are playing the major role related to all the national issues. Majority of the big business companies owned by TPLF including Import and Export trade, to mention some their companies established by robbing resourceful Oromia:
Mesfin Industrial Engineering
Adwa Flour Factory
Guna General Trading
Tikur Abay Transpot
Saba Marble Industry
Star Pharma Importers
Mekele Engine Company
Mass arrest and killing of Oromo people like a genocide Corrupted Administration Despite the alarming rate of increase in corrupt practices in Ethiopia, there is, however, a perception of it, which is higher than what is evident on the ground. It is confirmed by Transparency International (TI), an international organization that has published a Corruption Perception Index, since 1995. With 33 points, TI put Ethiopia 113th in its index for 2012, alongside Albania, Niger and Timor. Ali Suleman, Anti-Corruption Head , now Ambassador of Ethiopia in France partly blames these international organizations indexing corruption for people having such perceptive attitudes toward corruption.”These reports are produced by others who have no relationship to the facts on the ground,” he said last week.But an organization on the ground, Transparency Ethiopia, had close to 400 people respond, up until January 11, 2013, to a question of whether incidences of corruption are increasing in the last three years; a staggering 84.3pc answered that they were.The survey, released last week, too warns that “unless confronted, this [corruption] will result in new levels of corruption across the board”.Yet, officials of the World Bank acknowledge that the survey has failed to include other areas perceived to be prone to corruption, such as; tax, customs, state contracts given to private contractors by the state power monopoly, city housing projects, the Railway Corporation and the state owned Metal & Engineering Corporation (MeTEC).
Food Insecurity, According to FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization) report/January 2017/Food insecurity levels remain alarming despite improving national food availability .FAO requires USD 12.5 million to address needs of pastoralists affected by new drought in Southern and South Eastern Ethiopia. The failure of rainfall season caused deaths of tens of thousands of Livestock.
We observe that in Ethiopia constant famines are blamed on climate or drought, but other factors, including destructive government policies, are conveniently avoided. Yet, Amartya Sen and Jean Dreze unequivocally stated, “The points of overriding importance are: that there is no real evidence to doubt that all famines in the modern world are preventable by human action; that many countries—even some very poor ones—mange to consistently prevent them; that when people die of starvation there is almost invariably some massive social failure (whether or not a natural phenomenon had an initiating role in the causal process); and that the responsibilities for that failure deserve explicit attention and analysis, not evasion.” Ideally, one should expect that chronic hunger and multiple episodes of mass deaths should no longer exist. One should especially expect that sophisticated, educated people working at the international level would know that fact. Yet, even today, Ethiopian rulers create and ruthlessly carry out policies including forced deportations known to be causing mass starvation and death among some of its ethnic groups and have not been blamed by foreign observers and donors.
Youth employment presents a particular challenge to Ethiopia; the country faces growing youth landlessness in rural areas and insignificant rural job creation, potentially leading to an increase in migration to urban areas (World Bank, 2007) 3 Puppet Organizations can facilitate all the evil acts against our people.
The Land grab surround Addis Ababa come up with the name of “Addis Ababa Oromia Integrated Mater Plan” in the year 2014.Soon after the medias report about the Master Plan issue, many Scholars inside and outside the country reacted quickly and exposed all the facts behind the land grab hidden agenda. Despite their numeric majority, the Oromo people are in a minority-like situation in the country because they benefited nothing economically and politically. Therefore, strong Protests were held in all Oromia towns, people have shown their hate to the brutal and dictatorial regime. But the government used excessive force to kill in thousands and mass arrest was also reported by Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, 2014.One of the puppet Organization in the EPRDF/Republic of Ethiopian People Democratic Front/ worked hardly and helped the TPLF led regime in showing roads in every town and villages to kill and arrest Oromos here and there.
Many Oromos have been arrested on repeated occasions based on the same suspicion of holding dissenting opinions, without being charged, taken to court or having any evidence presented against them. Detainees were held in Kebele, Woreda and Zonal, detention centres, police stations, regional and federal prisons, military camps and other unofficial places of detention. In some cases, apparently considered more serious, the detainee was transferred to the Federal Police Crime Investigation and Forensic Sector known as Maikelawi in Addis Ababa. Both the regional and federal authorities
are responsible for arbitrary arrests and detentions. The right to peacefully assemble to protest is protected in Ethiopian and international law. The Constitution contains an expansive provision on this right which state “Everyone shall have the freedom, in association with others, to peaceably assemble without arms, engage in public demonstration and the right to petition.” Oromo People arrested for demonstrating about job opportunities, forced evictions, the price of fertilizer, students’ rights, the teaching of the Oromo language, and, in several incidents, the arrest or extra-judicial executions of farmers, students, children and others targeted for expressing dissent, participation in peaceful protests or based on their imputed political opinion – on the accusation they supported the OLF or simply did not support the government.
Nesro Hussein Roba