Barataan Yuunivarsiitii Haramaayaa Hasan Huseen mana hidhaa mootummaa wayyaanee keessatti wareegame – Ayyaantuu News Online
What is meant by this OPDO?
TPLF Employees or Non-Oromos??
By B. Ibsa
This time is a very serious period for Oromo nation (Race) in Oromo history as the fighting is going on between Oromo Nation and the TPLF/Aghazi plus non-Oromo OPDO members including singers of Minilik invasion. This is indicated by the rise of Oromo people from East to West, North to South including Oromo Diaspora worldwide against colonizers.
This paper is not aimed to discourse about the historical background of the Abyssinian colonial settlers in Finfinnee, and their bridge; employed Gobanas to control Oromo nation. Rather it reminds the urgent need of organizing available human power in order to dismantle the historical Abyssinian colonial bridge, known to Oromo nation as Gobana; the colonial road map of Abyssinians, created twice as internal enemy by Amhara and Tigray-led colonial rule, respectively.
Let me ask one question both my Oromo nation in general and Oromo leaders in particular. Really, is it difficult for such large number of Oromo people to crash the administration of TPLF in Oromia run by TPLF employees/OPDO totally not supported by the Oromo people, where each Oromian district is run by less than 10 TPLF employees at District level and even very less at Zonal level? The main bridge for the life existence of dictatorial TPLF at the center of Oromia is a neglected OPDO group by Oromo People. Thus, today, dismantling/crashing this colonial bridge should be one of the most strategies of Oromo struggle to end the linkage of North origin; Abyssinian colonizers. I hope that although this strategy is entirely rejected by Non-Oromo or Oromo speakers of Top OPDO members (like current Oromian President of Yem Origin and many others), those Pure OPDO Oromos will support and stand with the whole Oromo nation to realize this alternative strategy to prevent Oromia assimilation like Finfinee of Amhara domination.
It is well known that this strategy is entirely accepted and fully supported by Oromo nation and Oromo leaders since the Top OPDO members especially those Non-Oromos made their stand clear conducting a genocide against Oromo race being at the side of TPLF on the realization of Finfinnee Master Plan, which long planned at destroying Oromia through gradual assimilation of 100 kms from Finfine in four directions. Thus, these top OPDO-TPLF employees are to serve Tigrean- led-colonial rule of Ethiopia controlling and assimilating Oromia; the largest region economic resource for Tigrean ethnic based domination. Today, thousands of Oromos are in prison; hundreds have been killed on the Street within a month. Now, Oromia is controlled by Aghazi (Tigrean Army). Thereafter, what should be done? Oromo has lost Finfine for a half and century and still today. The same and more disaster things will be realized on Oromo generation if Oromo will be controlled and silent as under Amhara-led for 120 years. Thus, several strategies should be defined for continuous action to stop the long ambition of TPLF and their right hand pipettes.
Dismantling OPDO administration in Oromia is one of the smooth strategies for Oromo struggle to cut the linkage from central colonial rule, and very suitable with available human resource, support and action at any time and place throughout Oromia. The existence of available human power against our enemy is confirmed from the current rise of Oromo nation throughout Oromia and in Diaspora against this Master Plan Expansion. Thereafter, what is required? The organization of Oromo voluntaries throughout at their birth place and at District level with a minimum input of material support to crash this pipette administration.
Egaan, akkuma kaneen duraa, ummati Oromoo adoodnee, du’a hin oolle sodaannee yoo ciifna/rafna ta’e, akkuma Finfinneen, diinaan to’atamtee jirtu magaaloti Oromiyaa harka diinaa galani, ‘’Oromoon baadiyaadha; kan waa gochuu hin dandeenye’’ jedhamuun, Oromootti kan seenamuu ta’a. Kanaafuu, toftaa fi istraatejii adda addaa baasnee irratti haa dalagnu. Walii haa beeksifnu. Kan yeroon gaafatu kana. Har’a yeroo itti seenaa seenessinu miti. Yeroo wanta gochuu qabnu irratti mala baafnuu fi irratti cichinee dalagnu ta’uu qaba. Rabbi adooddaa kana keessaa nu haa baasu. Ummata Bilisummaa kadhataa jiraatu nuun hin taasisin. Maaltu nu hir’annaan bilisummaa jaarraaf kadhanna. Gootummmaan seenaa Oromooti. Waraana sirna Buttaa yoo labsine iyyuu ga’aadha. Ummati keenya waliin kakatee kaanaan kan boodatti deebisu hin jiru. Waraana sirna buttaan, bulchiinsa diinaan/TPLFN Oromiyaa irraa diriirfamte haa mancaafnu. Faayidaa Istraatejii kanaa akka gadiitti haa ilaalu.
Barreeffami koo kun Jarreen. Dura bu’oota Qeerrootti’’ naaf haa tamsa’u. Qeerroo irratti abdii olaanaa qabna. Dhalooti kun, dhaloota hin faalamne. Kan mirgaa fi Bilisummaa isaa dabarsee hin laatne, dhaloota goota, kutataa fi bilchaataadha.
Yaa Qeerroo, Abashooti dhaloota iasaanii Oromia badhaatuu jaarraa oliif yeroo dhaalchisan,Oromoon dhala isaa gabrummaa dhaalchise. Har’as Oromoon itti fufaan dhala isaa gabrummaa dhaalchisuu hin qabnu. Kan dabre ni ga’a. Jaarraa tokko dhaalamnee, dhaanamneerra. Kanaafuu, akkuma diinni Oromiyaa fufaan dhalootaa isaa dhaalchisuuf, guyyaatti sa’aa 24 hojjataa jiru, nu’is, Oromoon sa’aa 24 yoo irratti hojjanne malee dhala gabrummaa dhaalchisuun kan itti fuftu taati.
Kanaafuu, Istraatejiin inni tokko, bulchiinsa diinaan Oromiyaa irratti ijaaramte ijaaramnee dhabamsiisuun daandii qabsoo kkenyyaa keessaa tokko haa godhanu. Ijaaaramnee irratti hojjannaan nii danda’ama. Wanti hin danda’amne biyya lafaa kana irra hin jiru.
Advantage of Dismantling OPDO Administration
It cuts the infiltration of Oromo speakers into Oromo political parties
It prevents the participation of OPDO in the next election, under TPLF colonial rule representing Oromia
It cuts the linkage between Abyssinian colonizers and colonized Oromo nation existed for more than a century forever.
It cuts the flow of Oromian resources utilized by colonial rule to control the whole region
Oromo should work day and night to liberate his country, Oromia.
OROMIA SHALL BE FREE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
There are protests happening around the globe. I’m not talking about Venezuela, Ukraine, Thailand or the Arab world. I’m talking about Oromo communities in major cities across the world and in Oromia, Ethiopia, who are taking to the streets to protest the extension of the country’s capital into their region, united by the use of #OromoProtests. This has not been given much exposure in western media, whose main focus in the region is on the catastrophic events in South Sudan and the kidnapped girls in Nigeria. To try and rectify this, I present to you ‘Oromo Protests 101’.
The Oromo are Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group, comprised of about 27 million people. Their region, Oromia, is the largest too, and the capital city of Addis Ababa is in their region, since they originally lived in the city that they call Finfinne until it was invaded in the nineteenth century. They have their own language, Oromifa, and view themselves as distinct from the other ethnic groups, including the second largest group, the Amhara.
The Ethiopian federal government is currently run by a coalition party, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front made up of representatives from the Oromo, the Amhara, the southern nations, and the Tigray. The latter dominates the coalition through the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front. There is also a great deal of political decentralisation along ethnic lines, with ethnically defined regions having their own governments too. All of this is to say that ethnicity and cultural identity has been and still is a politically and socially contentious issue in Ethiopia.
Oromo students took to the streets last month to protest against the ‘Integrated Development Master Plan’ proposed by the Addis Ababa administration, which aims to expand the city by 1.1 million hectares, incorporating 36 towns and cities from Oromia into the Addis Ababa jurisdiction. This goes against article 49 of Ethiopia’s constitution which states that Oromia is protected ‘with respect to supply of services or the utilization of resources or administrative matters arising from the presence of the city’. As well as the obvious breach of the constitution, the planned extension is seen by the Oromo to be yet another ethnically oppressive measure in a long line of suppression they have suffered at the hands of the Ethiopian state.
Historically, the Oromo were a self-governing people, living at times in conflict with the neighbouring communities of Somalis and Amhara. From the late nineteenth century the Oromo were brought under centralized Ethiopian control during the Scramble for Africa, during which Emperor Menelik II conquered the communities and formed modern Ethiopia. Since then, the Oromo have experienced discrimination in the form of bans on the use of the Oromifa language, abuse against Oromo women and imprisonment and torture, often leading to death, of Oromian nationalists.
Whilst the Oromo language is now legal, persecution in the form of imprisonment and killing of Oromos still remains a problem. The political organisation Oromo Liberation Front has been labeled a terrorist group and systematic persecution and imprisonment of opposition parties such as the Oromo People’s Congress and Oromo Federalist Democratic Movement is frequent. Establishing reliable figures and data is difficult due to the government’s strict control of NGOs operating inside the country, but statistics from the Oromia Support Group states that since 1994 there have been 2,754 extra-judicial killings, and 842 reports of disappearance.
Given this history, the expansion plans concern the Oromo as many farmers will lose their land, and cities and towns will lose their Oromo social and cultural identity. The encroachment on the land has been called a ‘land grab’. The Ethiopian state constitutionally owns all land, which means any attempt to defend land rights of the farmers will be overruled. More immediate concerns consist of how the Ethiopian government is reacting to the protestors. They are using Special Forces in Oromia to counteract the peaceful protests. There have been scores of reports on the use of deadly force, and the best estimate for a death toll to date stands at around 80 people, including children as young as 11 years old, with hundreds more injured and arrested.
The government wants to expand Addis Ababa to keep up with the growing pressures and demands for space. It has been dubbed Africa’s ‘diplomatic capital’ as it hosts the African Union and a number of UN offices and international missions, and this contributes to the need for expansion. Whilst this need cannot be refuted, especially given the high rate of urbanisation at 4.2% annually, the plans were created without any consultation of the Oromo people, who will be the most affected by their implementation.
The Oromo diaspora have been protesting en masse across the world, from Washington D.C. to Sydney to London against the expansion plan and the brutal treatment of the protesters. It will be surprising if the Ethiopian government backs down given their track record, but it is certain that the Oromo will continue to defend their rights.
DIINA IRRATTI WAL-TUMSUUF, YEROOTU GA’E !!
SEENAA Y.G (2005)
Addunyaa kana irratti wanni raawwatamu hundumtuu yeroo mataa isaa qaba. waan yeroo isaa eeggatee dhalatu yk umamu hundumtuu umurii ni qabaata. Keessattu adeemsa siyaasaa keessatti, wanni yeroo isaatti gaggeeffamu qabu, dursee ykn barfatee akka gaggeeffamu yoo taasisan, bu’aa isaa irra kasaaraa isaatu caala. Tokko isa tokko dursee yoo dhufees, badii inni dhaqabsiisutu hammaata. Miidhaa Ummata keenya irra ga’u irraa kaanee fi gama keenyaan sochii keessa jirru ilaallee ykn waan Mooraa qabsoo keessatti uamame irraa kaanee, sadarkaa dhuunfaa eegallee hanga gurmutti, maal murteeffannee akka tarkaanfataa turre, hundatu qalbiitii qaba. waggoota dabarsine kana keessa waan nu mudatetti aarree , Qabsoon Ummata kanaa akka dhumateefitti kaa fudhanne , abdiis kan kutatee diinattillee gale, jette jetteen ummata kan burjaajeesse, hojjachuu irra abaarsaa fi qeeqa tarrisee rakkoo jiru dhiphisuu irra , caalaattu akka hammaatu kan taasise, Ummataaf yaadu irra , Naannummaatti gadi bu’ee yk galagalee deebi’ee kan yeella’ee, kkf Ummati Biyya keessaas ta’ee ala jiraatu akka dansaatti hordofee, ejjannoo mataa isaa qabatee deebii kenneera. Waan Umame sanaan mo’amee, addunyaa salphinaa keessatti kan waliin-jigee hafe lakkoofasa hin qabu.
Waan keessa dabarre kun kana booda ni dabalama jechuun gonkumaa hin danda’amu. Waggaa lama dura Barreeffama “walii galan alaa galan” jedhu keessatti , “wal ga’iin, har’a wal diiguuf gaggeeffamu hundumtuu, waggaa 2 fi 3 booda ammoo, walitti deebi’uuf gaggeeffamuun waan hin hafne ta’uu fi Ummati waan yeroo sanatti umametti odoo hin hifannee qabsoo isaa itti fufu akka qabu kaaseen ture. yeroo sanatti yaada kana kanan kaaseef, waan keessa keenyattis ta’uu , nuun alatti nu mudatu hundaa odoo hin ilaaliin, badiis ta’uu tolaa waan eroo isaatti dhalatu odoo hin keessummeessin ykn itti ihin qoramiin, waan yaadinu tokkotti akka hin baane hubachuu irraa ture. waan wal hammacee argine sun hundumtuu qabsoo Oromoo keessatti yerooma isaa ture. har’a garuu yeroo isaa miti. Yeroos waan sana kan uume, waan har’a irra geenye irra waan hin geenyefidha.
Akka amantaa kiyyatti , waan Qabsoo Oromoo mudate hundi isaa jabaannus , dhiisnuus kan nu hin hafneedha jedheen yaada. Humna waraanaa jabaa odoo qabaanneyyuu , bakka barbaannu ni geenya jedhee gaabbiin yaadee hin beeku. waan yeroo fi gaarii nu mudatan hunda irra osoo hin tarkaanfannee wayitti hin baanu jedheen amana. Odoo waan hanga har’aatti jiru haguugamee irra dabarree illee, yeroo Biyya keenya dhuunfannee jennu dhohee nu gaaga’uun isaa hin hafu. Namni wal bira dhaabbateef ykn wal ga’ii irra waan waliin taa’eef, ykn waliin sirbeef , keessa isaatii waliin jira jechuu miti. Yaada gara garaa qabaachuu mala. Namni wal irraa fagaatee taa’eef ykn jiraateef adda ba’e ykn gargara faca’ee jechuus miti. Yaada kana lameen waan keessa dabarreen mirkaneessu dandeenya. Waliin jirra odoo jedhamu gargar baanee argamneerra. Lakki waliin hin jiran odoo jedhamuu , kunoo Biyya keessaa fi alatti seenaa hojjanneerra. Hundumtuu yeroo fi haaluma isaa eeggata . haalaa fi yeroo wal simuu barbaachisa. Kana jechuun yeroo eeggachuuf jecha mugnee teenya jechuu miti. Hawwiin Nama keessaa baduu hin dandeessu. Inni dursuu qabu garuu hawwii keenya odoo hin taanee, waan hawwii keenya dhugeessinu irratti akkamiin akka hojjannu keewwachuudha.
Wanni adeemsa isaa hin fixanne tokko balaan isaa hamaadha. Addatti adeemsa siyaasaa keessatti , humni ykn sabni gar tokko qofti dammaqee humnaan saba hin dammaqine yoo bilisoomse rakkoon isa mudatu salphaa hin ta’u. akka Somaaliyaa fi sudaan kibbaa waluma fixaa jiraachuu ta’a. Seenaa Biyyoota hedduu kaasuu dandeenya. Haala kanaan rakkoo Qabsoo keenya keessatti umame hangamu nu miidhu, hegaree keenyaaf ykn bakka har’a irra jirruuf gumaacha mataa isaa taasisee jira. Kana booda Qabsoo Oromoo dura dhaabbatee kan jiru, Diina qofaa ta’uu, hundatti mul’ataa dhufeera. Waan dabre irraa barachuun bu’aan isaa kanadha. Kana malees, Wanni keessa keenyatti dhalatee nu miidhu kana booda jiraachuuf carraa kan argatu hin fakkaatu. Akka dhunfaatti dhalachuu ni danda’a . akka gurmuutti garuu kan dhumate fakkaata. Yoo yaadame illee Ummata keessaa moggeeffamuuf yoo ta’e, ykn dantaa halagaaf yaadame yoo ta’ee malee, Ummata ofiif yaadame akka hin taane kan dhugeeffamu gaafa guyyaa lama buluu dhabuudha.
Injifannoo irraa qofaa odoo hin taane, kufaatii irraallee ni baratama. Oromoon Seera Umamaatti akkaan amana. Seera umamaa jechuun tartiiba guddinaa, jiruu fi jireenya Ummataatti ibsama. Gamtaan Ummata Oromoo Biyya keessaa fi alatti argaa jirru, waggoota sadii dura odoo yaalamee ta’ee, ni danda’ama turee? ? Gootummaa Ummata keenyaa kana waggaa 3 durattillee odoo mudatee ta’ee, Tokkummaan har’a arginu ni umamu ture ? waan Ummata kanaa fi Mooraa qabsoo Oromoo keessatti argaa jirru , waggaa 10 dura osoo yaalamee ni milkaa’aa turee ? gaaffiilee kkf kaafnee yoo ilaalle, hawwii nuuti Qabsoo fi Ummata keenyaaf qabnu hundumtuu, waan keessa dabruu fi fixachuu qabu ykn waan dursa raawwatamuu qabu tokkoo odoo hin xumurree, bakka yaannutti tarkaanfachu akka hin dandeenye nu hubachiisee, hegaree keenyaafis, waan dursee raawwatamu qabuuf dursa kennuu akka qabnu, bakka yaannu ga’uuf waan nu irraa eegamu gama hundaan gumaachuun akka nu barbaachisu nu hubachiisa. Dhalli Oromoo waan isa mudate irraa baratee, Oromoof Oromoon ala falli biraa akka hin jirre wayita hubatetti, Barattoonni fi Ummati murannoon waan keessa isaa jiru dhiigaan yeroo mirkaneessu, Lammiin Oromoo bakka jiru akka waliif birmatu taasise. Haalaa fi yeroo akkasitti wal simanii jennaan waan isaan dhaabu gonkumaa hin jiru kanan jedheef kanaafi.
Sadarkaan Siyaasa Oromoo, Qabsoo Oromoo fi Dammaqiinsa Ummata keenyaa irra ga’ee jiru ilaallatanii keessummeessuun dirqiidha. Kana waliin sadarkaan diina keenya irra jirus hubatanii Ummata qajeelchuuf yeroon mijataa umamaa jiraachuu hubachuu barbaachisa. Kanaafan Mata duree kiyya har’aa , “Diina irratti wal tumsuuf , yerootu ga’ee !!” kanan jedheef.
Baatii Xumurree kana keessa, fedhiin Ummata Oromoo eessa akka jiru kan hin hubannee, waan addunyaan itti jiru gonkumaa kan hin beekneedha.dhalli Oromoo bakka jirutti, dhimma Oromoon wal qabatee, Haala umametti dhimma ba’uun , Dirqama dhala Oromoo hundaati. Waan yeroon kun irraan nu geessetti dhimma ba’uun, ammas, waan boriif jedhamu miti.Akka dhaaba Siyaasaatti maal hojjanna ? akka miseensa dhaaba siyaasa tokkotti, maaltu narraa eegama?? akka deeggaraatti maalin hojjadha. ? akka Ummataatti ykn Oromootti dirqamni narraa eegamu maali ? Ogummaa ani qabuun ykn beekumsa ani qabuun yk dandeetti ani qabuun Ummata kiyyaaf maalan gumaacha ? Qabsoo gaggeeffamaa jiruuf maal gumaachuun qaba ? gargaarsa maalii taasisuutu narraa eegama ? bakka hojii yk Biyyan jiru yk sadarkaa beekumsa yk qabeenyaa qabu kanaan, deeggarsa akkamii lammii koof gumaachuu danda’a ? kkf , akka dhuunfaattis, akka waloottis kaasanii mari’atanii , qooda mataa ofii gumaachuuf yerootu ga’ee jira.
Dhimma Ummata ofii keessatti, qooda nama dhuunfaa kaasee hanga walotti nu gaafatu ba’aachuuf, miseensa dhaabaa ta’uu qofaa odoo hin taanee, Oromoo ta’uun qofti ga’aa ta’uu akka dansaatti hubachuu nu feesisa. Qabsoon gama kamiinu , humna kamiinu haa gaggeeffamu , deeggarsi bifa kamiituu dhaabbachuu akka hin qabne taasisuuf ,haala waan kana dhugeessuu danda’u ummachuun, haalaan barbaachisaa ta’uu yerootu nu dirqisiisaa jira. carraa lammiin Oromoo keessa jirutti dhimma ba’uuf socha’uu nu feesisa. sadarkaan yaadaa fi fedhiin keenyaa sadarkaa kanatti ol guddachuu qaba. akkaataa caasaan jireenya hawaasummaa fi Aadaa keenya keessa jiran , akkamiin qabsoo kana keessatti qooda fudhachuu danda’u ? bifa kamiin deeggarsa isaanii kennuu danda’u ? jennee haala mijeeffachuu fi wal tumsuuf karaa bal’ifachuun, yeroo isaatu ga’ee jira.
Qabxiilee kanatti aananii jiran akka yaadaatti dhiheessuun yaala . gadi fageenyaan katabuuf dirree kanatu hin toluf.
GADAAn, Dimokiraasiin Oromoof, Aadaa Umama isaa ta’uu kan mirkaneessudha ! wayita jennu maal jechuu keenyadha ? Bara Gadaan jiru , dhaabbileen siyaasaa hin turre. Osoo yeroo san jiraatanii , Sirna Gadaa keessatti akkamiin jiraatu turan ? har’a ammoo Gadaan hin jiru. Dhaabbileen siyaasaa garuu guutaniiru. Yeroon akkasii kunoo . waan wal jala dabre kana keessatti qoodi keenya maalii ? kana beektoonni keenya of gaafatanii hegareef maal akka ta’u ammumaa hojjachuu qaban. Gadaan boruu ittin jiraanna jennu, Gadaa Shanan qofaa jiraachisuuf deemamoo, dhaabbilee Siyaasaas akka itti hammatutu jira ? ? moo, Ilaalchii siyaasaa nu hin barbaachisu ! jennema cufna? Moo , kana booda haala kana mijeessuuf hojjanna ? gama kanaan waan katabee jiru dubbisees dhaga’ees hin beeku. Kana qopheessuuf dhaaba keessatti hammatamuu yk miseensa ta’uutu ulaagaa lafa kaa’ameedha jedhee kan falmu jira natti hin faakkaatu. Dirree siyaasaa keessatti hundumtuu wal dhiphisuu irra , waan beekumsii fi ogummaan ofii namaa hayyamtu irratti bobba’anii waan ofii har’afis boriifis gumaachuuf hojjachuun, waan tokko bakka tokkotti kufamee wal dhiphisuu irraa nu baraaree , adeemsa keenya illee shaffisiisuu danda’a jedheen yaada .
Yaada kaase kana beektoota keenyaaf dhiisee , yaada ani ibsachuu barbaadetti haa ce’u. Oromiyaa hegareef ijaarru keessatti ilaalcha siyaasaa akkamii qabaachuu dandeenya ? isa jedhuuf qaama ilaallatuuf dhiisuus, har’a tumsa keenya jabeessuuf garuu , Ilaalcha lama boruu Ummati irratti murteeffatu illee yoo fudhanne, humna jiru gargar facaasuu irra , Ilaalchi kamuu jiraatu, Diina irratti wal tumsuun akka danda’amu garuu yerootu nu mirkaneessaa jira. Deeggarsi barbaachisu illee Qabsoo Oromoof jedhamee carraa gargaarsaa akkaataa itti bal’fachuu fi dhala hundaaf dirqama ta’uu qabu irratti yeroon nu akeekaa jira.
Dadhabbii Qabsaa’oota keenyaaf bakka laannee, Qabsoo Oromoo kana caalaa tumsa nu irraa barbaachisu taasifnee furgaasuu akka dandeenyu yerootu caalaatti dhugeessaa jira. Ummati Oromoo wareegama barbaachisuuf qophii ta’uu isaa yerootu ragaadha. Wareegamni Barattootaa fi Ummataa Biyya keessatti kafalaa jiran, hundee waan hundaa ta’ee akka itti fufu qabu, yerootu dirqama seenaa nu kaa’e jira. Miira Ummata keenyaa kana qindeeffachuu fi diina irratti wal ta’uun akka danda’amu yerootu ragaa waliin nu dhiheesse jira.kanaaf deebii kennuun ammoo diqama dhala Oromoo hundaati. Waan keessa dabarree irraa barannee jirra. Isa boodas qormaata 1ffaa baatii kanaan irra aanneerra . itti fufummaan isaa garuu hawwii qofaan akka hin dhugoomne itti amanuu barbaachisa. Kaanf ,,,,,,,, Kutaa 2ffaan itti fufa .
HORAA BULAA !
Unethical Journalism Will Not Change The Reality on The Ground (Open Lettet to VOA Amharic’s Tizita Belachew)
Unethical Journalism will not Change the Reality on the Ground
Open letter to Tizita Belachew and Addissu Abebe of VOA Amharic Service
By Daandii Qajeelaa
Dear Mrs. Tizita Belachew and Mr. Addisu Abebe,
I listened to the interview you jointly made with what you called three “Oromo Ethiopian scholars” on the controversial Addis Ababa (Finfinne) Master plan broadcasted on Saturday, May 23, 2014 with keen interest. Those interviewed were 1) Dr. Bulcha Ta’a, 2) Dr. Demissie Oluma, and 3) Dr. Gizachew Tesso and the two of you moderated the debate as independent and neutral VOA Amharic service journalists. From the outset, the interview seemed to have been designed as a rebuttal by Drs. Ta’a and Oluma to an earlier interview Mr. Addissu Abebe made with Dr. Gizachew Tesso on the same subject. It was noted that Dr. Gizachew Tesso was re-invited to join the other two gentlemen because several listeners of the VOA Amahric service raised questions on his earlier interview.
As an Oromo individual who has been actively involved in the activities of the Oromo Diaspora for over fourteen years, I am puzzled by the choice of the two individuals Dr. Bulcha Ta’a and Dr. Demissie Oluma, for two reasons. First, the two individuals are largely unknown to the Oromo public in the Diaspora. They are not members of any Oromo association or organization, community, scholarly, professional, or otherwise. For example, I worked in the Executive Committee of the Oromo Studies Association (OSA) for 7 years and actively involved in several Oromo based organizations here in USA. As a result I came to know nearly all respected Oromos, with some expertise knowledge, who are residing in USA and Canada. I don’t know these two “Oromo Ethiopian scholars”. There is no record of them making research and/or public presentation on this subject or on any other subject. My question to you is, what made them eligible to be invited to give this interview on a well-respected media such as VOA? I am not a journalist. But common sense tells me that a reputable organization such as VOA would carefully select well known, well respected and reputable individuals with uncontested expertise knowledge to an interview on this sensitive and controversial subject. Otherwise, the good name, reputation, and credibility of VOA will be on the line.
The second reason I am puzzled by the choice of the two individuals is that their view is not a typical Oromo scholar. In an attempt to answer the root cause of the current Oromo student protest in Oromia, the two so called “Oromo scholars” shocked all of us when they said “the root cause of the current crisis is the division of the country into federal arrangement based on language”. They went on saying “the Oromo students who are currently protesting are the product and victims of Woyane policy” and that is why they are protesting. Basically, they blamed the victims, Oromo students, for the current crisis without any sense of remorse. We Oromos know where this line of thought originated from. It is the view of typical hardline Amhara scholars, who advocate that the current federal arrangement be demolished and, in doing so, take the Oromo and other oppressed nations and nationalities back into the old unitary Ethiopia, dominated and completely controlled by Amhara ruling elites. We Oromos know for sure that it is extremely rare to find an Oromo individual, let alone Oromo scholar, to have the kind of view reflected by Drs. Bulcha Ta’a and Demissie Oluma. The question now is how are these two “scholars” chosen? What is the motive behind searching for such individuals from among the Oromo public and presenting their view on this media on this sensitive subject giving them the tag of “Oromo Ethiopian scholars”? Is this how “independent journalism” works?
Anyone who follows the Ethiopian politics can observe that there are two main schools of thought in the Ethiopian political landscape. These are: 1) the “Right to Self-determination of Nations and Nationalities” school of thought, and 2) the “Ethiopian Unity” school of thought. Those in the “self-determination” camp advocate for the realization of “the right to self-determination of nations and nationalities” as enshrined by the declaration of the United Nations. Nearly all Oromo scholars are in this camp as they advocate and struggle for freedom of their country, Oromia, from old nafxanyas (Amhara settles) and neo-naftanyas (Tigrayan elites). Those in the “unity” camp on the other hand, promote the view that the “unity and territorial integrity” of Ethiopia is above everything and is not negotiable. Nearly all Amhara scholars are in this camp. The “unity” camp can be categorized as extremists and moderates. The “unity moderates” accept the current Federal arrangement but oppose the disintegration of the country. The “unity extremists” on the other hand, go further and promote a return to the old unitary Ethiopian state in which the current Federal arrangement is abolished. Ironically, the view of Dr. Ta’a and Dr. Guluma, supposedly “Oromo scholars” is under this “unity extremist” category. And yet, they are presented as typical Oromo scholars for an interview.
Oromo scholars are divided on whether Oromia should be an independent country or remain as an autonomous state within Federal Ethiopia. However, to my knowledge, Oromo scholars have absolute consensus on one thing. With the exception of some extremely rare Oromo individuals like Dr. Ta’a and Dr. Oluma, they all oppose the old “unitary Ethiopian state” where the current Federal arrangement is abolished. Oromo students are not “products of Woyane policy” as described by the two doctors. They are products of typical Oromo scholars. They listen to well respected Oromo scholars such as Professor Mekuria Bulcha, Mohammed Hassan, Asafa Jalata, Merera Gudina, Gemechu Megersa, to mention few.
Dear Mrs. Belachew and Mr. Abebe,
I am a firm believer of free speech and encourage debate on controversial subjects such as the Addis Ababa (Finfinne) Master plan. My concern here is that you have chosen rare so named “Oromo scholars” who have a typical hardline Amhara scholar’s ideology and who are unknown to the Oromo public. While I cannot tell your motives for certain for doing so, I can guess it could be one of two things: 1) probably you are carried away by your personal ideology, or 2) you are pushed by those Amhara hardliner fans to search and present “Oromo” individuals of such view on your program. Either way, I am sad that you abused the good name and reputation of VOA to promote a special sectarian interest by completely disregarding the voice and interest of the Oromo mass. I would not be bothered if you had presented Amhara hardliners on this or any other topic as you always do. I am sad because you went further and presented a typical ideology of Amhara elites through an Oromo person’s mouth, giving the wrong impression to the general public that “Oromo scholars” actually are against the current “language based federalism”. It is wrong and fake. It is unprofessional and unethical. It doesn’t do any good to the ideology you are trying to promote. For the Oromo, it doesn’t change the reality on the ground. Above all, it has a negative effect of damaging the good name and credibility of VOA.
This account of events that took place in early May in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, was originally posted on the blog Jen & Josh in Ethiopia: A Chronicle of Our Peace Corps Experience. As the authors note in their first post in their series about the Oromo student protests, they are no longer Peace Corps Volunteers. In their first post in the series, Ambo Protests: A Personal Account, Jen and Josh describe in gripping detail what they saw and heard from April 25 to May 1: Students and others in the town of Ambo began to protest against the Ethiopian government’s “master plan” to expand the territory of Addis Ababa and annex lands belonging to the state of Oromia. Federal police hunted down Jen and Josh’s two young neighbors, who were university students, and shot and killed them in their own home, far away from the student protests. Jen and Josh decided to flee, witnessing hundreds of demonstrators packed into the prison at the Ambo police compound, many showing signs of having been beaten. With the intervention of the U.S. Embassy, the Ambo police authorities allowed Jen and Josh to leave. This post takes up their story from there.
After the protests and violence in Ambo, we fled to the capital city of Addis Ababa and stayed at a little hotel called Yilma. Immediately, we started telling everyone about what happened in Ambo. We called and texted our friends, we talked to anyone at the hotel that would listen, and we posted things on Facebook. If we tell everyone about the protesters in Ambo being imprisoned and killed, surely it will stop, we reasoned.
The next day, two strange men – one tall with dark skin, the other short with lighter skin – struck up a conversation with us in the hotel restaurant.
“We’re from Minnesota, here to visit our family in Wollega,” they said.
“Oh, we’re from St. Paul!” we replied, excited.
“Oh, we’re from St. Paul, too!” they said, pulling out a fake-looking Minnesota driver’s license.
The address said Worthington, not St. Paul.
“How long have you lived in St. Paul?’ we asked.
“Yes.” the tall man said, nervously.
“I mean…how long have you lived in St. Paul?” we said, slower.
“Just 2 weeks.”
“And you’re already back in Ethiopia. And you just drove through Ambo, past all the protests and the police, to visit your family in Wollega?” we asked, thinking about the single paved road that heads west through Ambo.
“Yes.” he replied.
“You must be very brave,” we said, thinking about how the road was closed due to the violence.
“Why?” he asked, baiting us with a stoic face.
We froze, afraid to speak further. At that moment, after 20 months in Ethiopia, we finally understood why so many people in Oromia are afraid of spies. When we first arrived in Ambo, people thought WE were C.I.A. spies, which we found amusing…spies who couldn’t even speak the language? If we had been spies, we certainly weren’t very good at our job. But now, the tables were turned.
The two men began following us around the hotel area, sitting next to us whenever possible, walking slowly past our table, then returning slowly past our table – sometimes up to 10 times per hour. A different man followed us to a restaurant about a mile from the hotel, then sat at the closest table to ours, rudely joining a young couple’s romantic dinner.
For the next three days, we stopped telling people about the protests and the imprisonments and the killings in Ambo. We were afraid that the two men would be listening. We were afraid that someone was monitoring our communications on the government-controlled cell phone service and the government-controlled internet. Were we just paranoid? Were we really being monitored? Maybe we had just integrated too much, to the point where we had become Oromo, afraid of government spies and afraid of speaking out and being put in jail. While being ferenji (foreigners) gave us some level of protection, thoughts of the Swedish journalists thrown into an Ethiopian jail in 2011 lingered in the backs of our minds. The journalists “were only doing their jobs, and human rights group Amnesty International said the journalists had been prosecuted for doing legitimate work.” Did we seem just as suspicious to the government as those Swedish journalists? We didn’t want to find out.
Peace Corps gave all the volunteers strict instructions NOT to blog or post on Facebook about the protests or killings across Oromia. It is just too dangerous to say anything about the Ethiopian government, they pointed out.
That’s when we decided to leave Ethiopia. For us, staying in Ambo, not ruffling any feathers, was not an option. How could we go back and pretend that our neighbors, students, and and fellow residents didn’t die or didn’t end up in prison?
To read more from the authors, or to share your appreciation, please visit their blog, Jen & Josh in Ethiopia: A Chronicle of Our Peace Corps Experience.
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20500
Subject: Dictatorship, Ethiopian State
Dear Mr. President:
Thank you for the opportunity to write you on an issue that probably gets overlooked by most people.
Dear, President of The United States of America. This letter is not a political discourse with you. This is a humanity message for you, aimed to kindly introduce you again and again, what is happening in Ethiopia, particularly in Oromia Regional state by the Ethiopian Government and its right hand military force killers.
Currently, the military forces are massively killing, arresting, torturing and beating all peaceful protesters of Oromo race ranging from urban to rural areas including farmers, students, workers, health professionals (nurses and medical doctors, who try to treat wounded and attacked protestors by gun), generally being Oromo race. The same Genocide has been carried out on Oromo race for more than 100 years.
Originally and historically, these group of dictators are from Northern part of Ethiopia known as Abyssinians, who came to the political power controlling Oromia (current central Ethiopia) and other south nations since 1880 by the support of European and USA states for the existence and continuity of Ethiopian Unity without any respect of the dignity of other nations.
As the result of this long period dictatorship, the Oromo came to the decision and have been fighting for self-determination since 1970s, however, with possible unity only under democratic system. However, your usual overall support is/was the fuel of this dictatorship, which imposed other subjugated nations not to liberate themselves for several decades. You have a great world power given by GOD for you to stop this Genocide before the worst will come and end with, in East Africa like in Burundi and Rwanda. From my past knowledge, I know your democratic government is always with those people who are under dictators. When you were first elected as a president of America I was sitting the whole night looking at that ceremony, and heard your hoping words both for the oppressed people and world dictators. Apply that your gold words today the same to Nigeria in helping us to have a freedom in Boka Haram in Nigeria are one and the same for Oromo and Nigerian people.
I learnt what freedom is when I was in Germany being a DAAD student like German citizen. I exercised the same freedom and right throughout the time I stayed in Germany like German citizen. I want to see such freedom in my region with my races, Oromo people and others. But, I have no right to work and live peacefully in my country because of the Ethiopian dictators. To day, hundreds of Oromos are killed, thousands are in prison because of making a protest for their right and freedom. The military forces purposefully kill, arrest and violent the protestors not to be revealed to the world media as they launch to come out from their home for the protest on the street.
Thus, Dear brother, I kindly request your respected office to use your God given power to end this continuing and devastating Genocide on Oromo race. Let me request you to respond to this in humanity issue. My brother’s daughter, 9 years old killed on the street during her return from school. Imagine, If this happened on you, what was your immediate action being a citizen of ordinary USA?????
Be with the oppressed Oromo people to end the genocide of a century by Abyssinians. Just we are also fighting for our Freedom and Right
Don’t support Dictators and human killers!
BBC condemns Ethiopian sat-jamming
Liliane Landor, acting Director of the BBC World Service Group, has called on the Ethiopian authorities to stop jamming BBC broadcasts in the Middle East and North Africa.
She joined directors from Deutsche Welle, France 24, and the US Broadcasting Board of Directors which oversees the Voice of America, in condemning the flagrant violation of the clearly established international procedures on operating satellite equipment.
Liliane Landor said: “The BBC calls upon the Ethiopian authorities to end this interference. They are disrupting international news broadcasts for no apparent reason. This is a deliberate act of vandalism that tarnishes their reputation.”
During the past week BBC television and radio broadcasts on the Arabsat satellites have been affected by intentional uplink interference. Many international television broadcasts, including those from France 24 and Deutsche Welle, have been badly affected.
The satellite operator Arabsat has reported that the interference has come from within Ethiopia. The interference is intensive and affects services on all three Arabsat satellites. Unlike previous instances of intentional interference, these events do not appear to be linked to any particular content or channel on these satellites.
The interference is contrary to the international regulations that govern the use of radio frequency transmissions and the operation of satellite systems, and inhibits the ability of individuals to freely access media according to Article 19 of the UN Declaration of Human Rights.
New York, May 28, 2014–The Committee to Protect Journalists condemns the detention of a journalist without charge since Monday and calls on Ethiopian authorities to release him immediately. An Ethiopian court on Tuesday extended by 14 days the pre-trial detention of Elias Gebru, according to news reports.
Ethiopia’s federal police in the capital, Addis Ababa, summoned Elias, editor-in-chief of the independent news magazine Enku, for questioning in connection with a column published in his paper, according to news reports. The Awramba Times reported that the column discussed a monument recently erected outside the capital in honor of ethnic Oromos massacred in the 19th century by Emperor Menelik’s forces. The monument has ignited divisions between some Oromos and supporters of the emperor’s legacy.
Local journalists said authorities were attempting to link the paper’s publication to the deadly clashes between Oromo student protesters and security forces last month. Ethiopian authorities claimed eight protesters were killed in the violence, while news outlets and human rights groups cited witnesses as saying that security forces killed more than a dozen protesters.
At least 17 other journalists are in jail in Ethiopia in connection with their journalistic work, according to CPJ research. Only Eritrea holds more journalists behind bars in Africa, CPJ research shows.
“The detention without charge of Elias Gebru is the latest move by the Ethiopian government to tighten the noose on the country’s independent press,” said CPJ Africa Advocacy Coordinator Mohamed Keita. “We call on authorities to release Elias immediately and to stop arresting journalists as a means to quell information and debate.”
Elias is being held at the Maekelawi detention center, according to local journalists.
In 2008, thousands of copies of Enku magazine were seized by Ethiopian authorities in connection with the paper’s independent coverage of the trial of a pop singer who had been critical of the government, according to news reports. The copies were later returned.
Ethiopia under fire over journalist arrest
The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) on Friday called on authorities in Ethiopia to release a journalist being held without charge following a spate of similar arrests in recent weeks.
An Ethiopian court on Tuesday extended by 14 days the pre-trial detention of Elias Gebru, editor-in-chief of the independent news magazine Enku who was detained for questioning in connection with a column published in his paper.
“The detention without charge of Elias Gebru is the latest move by the Ethiopian government to tighten the noose on the country’s independent press,” said Mohamed Keita of the CPJ.
“We call on authorities to release Elias immediately and to stop arresting journalists as a means to quell information and debate,” he alleged.
According to the CPJ, Elias’ column covered a controversial monument recently erected outside the capital in honour of ethnic Oromos massacred in the 19th century by Emperor Menelik’s forces.
It cited local journalists as saying authorities were attempting to link the publication to deadly clashes between Oromo student protesters and security forces last month. Ethiopian authorities said eight protesters were killed in the violence, although rights groups said the figure was far higher.
Last month six members of the blogging collective Zone Nine and three journalists were arrested by police, with the government saying they were being investigated for “serious crimes”.
UN human rights chief Navi Pillay has condemned the arrests, warning the country is increasingly muzzling freedom of expression under the guise of fighting terrorism.
IOWO: Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review Nineteenth session of the UPR Working Group of The Human Rights Council
Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review
Nineteenth session of the UPR Working Group of
The Human Rights Council
April- May 2014 Geneva, Switzerland
International Oromo Women’s Organization is a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization established in Washington, DC USA, June 2007 to promote gender equality and the development of women as an integral part of the political, economic, social, and cultural sphere. The primary goal of International Oromo Women’s Organization is to empower Oromo Women and socially engaged them not only the improvement of one-self but also that of all Oromo women everywhere and emancipate women from all forms of oppression, marginalization, and discrimination1.
Endless Human Rights Violation in Ethiopia
This report covers the continuation of human rights violation by Ethiopian government that covers mass killings including four children in Kofele, Oromia August 3, 2013 which increases the grief of mothers. The continuation of torturing and killing prisoners under its custody, the current one is that happened to Engineer Tesfahun Chemeda August 24, 2013. Intensified evictions of people from their homes that exposes them to the extreme poverty and homelessness. The continuation of abduction of Oromo refuges in neighboring countries and harassment by Ethiopian security forces. Several Oromo refugees with UNHCR mandates have been raped, abducted, tortured, killed and some forcefully returned back to Ethiopia. There are current evidences though their names and country not mentioned due to their safety issues. The situation is reported to the UNHCR. This report indicates the high concern about the current situation of refugees in neighboring countries.
It was expected that Ethiopian government will improve the lives of its citizen, protects them from any illegal action that violets their human rights as well as gives attention to improve the life of the population and provides proper education system that will encourage girls to get education. However, killings and eviction people from their homes are on the rise among which women and children are the most victims and with the ignored dreadful voice and left helpless and waiting for their death.
Ethiopian government is violating the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Article 3. The rights to life, liberty and security of the people are violated by massive eviction from their home. Lots has been said about land grabbing2, the objective of this paper is not to report about it, but its consequence did not stop, instead it is on the raise nobody gave attention to the voice of the victim voiceless.
Women in Ethiopian constitute the majority of the population, whereas deep rooted male dominated culture is in place. Majority of Women live in rural area based on subsistence farming. Their life is tied with the farmland they inherited from their precursor, specially, in the case of Oromo people. The Oromo people are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia out of which 50% are women and are living in poverty. Mothers bring up their children and send to school with the expectation of their children’s happiness and prosperity. Mothers’ hope is that after their children get education and employed, will help them at the elderly age when mothers cannot help their family and themselves (means when retired from their day-to-day work of house-keeping). Currently the Ethiopian government is sending to them the dead body of their children which increases mothers’ sadness and make their voice cry loudly more than ever, but no one gave answers for their grief. The case of Sime Terefe killed in Mekele University, University students Gadissa Hirphassa and Alemayhu Garba as well as artist Esmayo Mussa killed in prison are few examples and its continuation is the case of engineer Tesfahun Chemeda died August 24, 2013 in prison. Will it stop?
Human Rights Violation
The government militia killed twenty-five people including four children in Kofele, Oromia region, August 3, 2013.
Nonstop torturing and killing of Oromo young generation in kality/Addis Ababa prison. Its continuation is proved by the death of engineer Tesfahun Chemeda, August 24, 2013 in prison.
Due to the intensified killing, imprisonment, and persecution of the civilian population, thousands forced to flee their homes and become refugees in the neighbouring countries. But Ethiopian security forces abduct refugees and return to Ethiopia facing torturing, persecution, and killings upon return. The case of Mesfin Abebe and Tesfahun Chemeda proves those forcefully abducted and persecuted and finally exposed to death.
This does not stop, refugees registered and waiting for UNHCR’s response to settle in third countries are still abducted and harassed by Ethiopian security force assigned to operate in neighbouring countries. According to the information received from our representatives in neighbouring countries, refugees are killed, abducted, and harassed by Ethiopian security forces. Also they are targeted by human traffickers whose aim is for forced labour and the harvesting of body organs. For their security reason, names are not mentioned, when required, we can provide their names, happening dates, and name of neighbouring countries.
Ethiopia is among the poorest countries in the world. On top of the existing poverty, the current government is removing the indigenous people from their land for sale to foreign investors, while exposing its citizen to the extreme poverty without any alternative solution. As the result, some women gave themselves to be exported to another country as a commodity officially through Bole Airport and others risked their life in boats on the sea to Yemen and other countries. Those managed to get their raped and brutally murdered3. This shows that life in Ethiopia has no difference when compared to death.
The other issue related to land is that, Ethiopian government is planning to join the surrounding rural areas in one hundred km (100 km) radius to include to the capital city Finfine/Addis Ababa4 again by evicting farmers from their farmland without or with minimal amount of compensation. This also aggravates the increasing poverty level and as the result women and children exposed to unrecoverable poverty and loss of lives.
Root problems are:
- Government of Ethiopia spear headed by TPLF is irresponsible for its citizens, especially for those of southern part and Oromia region. It collects large amounts of money from large- scale land sale to foreign investors by the cover of development, but starving the majority of the people. The stereotyped constitution is in place while the actual situation on the ground shows that women are on sale as a commodity to another country through Bole airport.
- Government did not give much attention to have practical policy to avoid any forms of discrimination against women and no legal protection for girls to get educated. There is no way out of poverty unless 50% of the population gets educated. So girls’ education is crucial for science and technology development. Female in Ethiopia is becoming the majority of the population.
Without giving proper attention to girls’ education, there will be no development. For example, the Ethiopian Education Statistics Annual Abstract of 2011/2012 indicates that only 25% female graduated in under graduate study,20% enrolled to post graduate study and only 14% graduated5 out of 50% female population size.
- Western governments funding Ethiopian government for development, however, the fund is used for widespread repression and civil rights violations. Ethiopian government always denies this, whereas the case on the ground tells what is going on. One of examples mentioned in the press release by the Oakland Institute on July 2013 stated that “[The soldiers] went all over the place, and they took the wives of the Bodi and raped them, raped them, raped them, raped them. Then they came and they raped our wives,” “said the Mursi man interviewed during the investigation. Another man added: “the Ethiopian government is saying they are going to collect us all and put us in a resettlement site in the forest. We are going to have to stay there. What are the cattle going to eat there? They are our cattle, which we live from. They are our ancestor’s cattle, which we live from. If we stay out there in the forest, what are they going to eat?”6
This interview shows the sample of what is happening massively in the country, most people do not speak out what is happening to them by the government agents, because of the retaliation taken to them. There is no whistle blower protection policy in that country. So the majority population of Ethiopia left in deep oppression without any protection on the ground and out of site from the international community. Women and girls are the most vulnerable part of the society in this situation.
Urge the Ethiopian Government:
- To stop violation of human rights, torturing and killing prisoners, abducting refugees and respect human rights.
- To stop its project to join the surrounding rural areas to the capital city Addis Ababa by evicting farmers from their farm land as well as stop large scale land sale to the foreign investors by the name of development that created large scale homeless people.
- To revise its education policy and include girls’ education policy to bring them up from traditional male dominated psychological settings.
- Donor governments to stop giving aid that is used to oppress its people.
Finally, urge the Ethiopian government to respect the unilateral and bilateral agreements signed and ratified by Ethiopia which are intended to uphold the respects of human right, any forms of discrimination, gender, racial which seems to be the motivation behind the TPLF government mistreatment of the Oromo and other oppressed people. And respect its constitution as well as the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights. Respect The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and all applicable international humanitarian laws.
2IOWO Appeal Letter on Land grabbing in Ethiopia: Evicting indigenous people from their livelihood and subjecting them to absolute poverty and famine under the guise of development, on top of other Human Rights Violations by the Ethiopian Government.http://www.iowo.org/IOWO%20letter%20to%20President%20Barak%20Obama%2001-20-121.pdf
3BBC (2013). Ethiopian migrants tell of torture and rape in Yemen, BBC-News July 22, 2013, retrieved from, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AoF8eBk1w2Q&feature=player_embedded#t=0,
4Stop Cleansing Oromo from their land in the name of boosting economic development, http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/stop-clearing-oromo-from-their-land-in-the-name-of-boosting-economic-development-who-will-stand-for-the-oromos-living-on-the-outskirts-of-finfinnee/,
5MOE (2012). Education Statistics Annual Abstract of 2011/2012, retrieved from, http://www.moe.gov.et/English/Resources/Documents/eab04.pdf
6Oakland Institute (2013). Development Aid to Ethiopia, Overlooking violence, marginalization, and political repression. http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/press-release-fingerprints-international-aid-forced-relocation-repression-and-human-rights-abuse-eth
Jaalatamtoota lammii Oromoo hundaaf
Dhimmi: Eebba TV Bakkalchaa irratti isin affeeruu ilaala
Duraan dursinee nagaan keenya kan Oromummaa bakka jirtanitti isin haa dhaqabu. TVn Bakkalchaa Midiyaa ilaalcha siyaasaa, amantaa, laga, gosaa fi naannoo kamiiyyuu irraa walaba ta’ee lammii Oromoo hundaa walqixa tajaajiluuf kan hundaa’ee Midiyaa sub-qunnamtii Oromooti. TVn Bakkalchaa kan Oromoo hundaati. TVn Bakkalchaa haqa dhugaa irratti hundaa’ee Oromoo hunda walqixa tajaajiluuf Miidiyaa dhabbatee dha. TVn Bakkalchaa ija Oromooti. TVn Bakkalchaa sagalee Oromooti, TVn Bakkalaa gurraa fi dhageettii Oromooti. TVn Bakkalaa tokkummaan Oromoo akka daraan jabaatuuf halkanii fi guyyaa cimee hojjchuuf karoora guddaa qaba. TVn Bakkalchaa tumsa lammii isaa barbaada. Waan keesan irratti hirmaadhaa isniin jedha. TVn Bakkalchaa ilam keessan kunuunsaa, guddisaa, akkasumas itti fayyadamaa.
Yeroo ammaa TV Bakkalchaa qophii isaa hunda xumuratee tajaajila torbaan guutuu kan saa’aa 24f Oromoota biyya keessaa fi biyya ambaa jiraatniif sagantaalee tajaajila adda addaa kennuuf qophii isaa xumuratee jira. TV Bakkalchaa gaafa Ebla guyyaa 30 bara 2014 Biyya Noorwee Magalaa Moss jedhamtu keessati sagantaa isaa eebbaan eegala.
Kanaafuu jalatamtootaa fi kabajamoon Ummanni Oromoo hundinuu gaafa guyyaa eebba TVn Bakkalchaa irratti akka nuuf argamtan kabaja guddaan isin affeerra. Warri qaamaan nu bira dhufuu hin dandeenye akka yaadaan nu bira dhaabbattan irra deebinee isin gaafanna.
Warri qaamaan nu bira dhufuu barbaaddan karaa tora marsalee teessoo keenyaatiin nu qunnamuu dandeettan. Yaadaa fi qeeqa qabadnis akka nuu gumachitan irra deebinee kabajaan iisin gaafanna. Teessoon keenya www.bakkalchatv.com, Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, +47 96671888/+4799874452/+4790609725
TVn Bakkalchaa sagalee Ummata Oromooti.
Although it was more or less ignored, this proposal was forwarded a decade ago to Oromo activists in the Diaspora. The current Oromo struggle led by the Oromo students in Oromia has fundamentally changed the attitudes and behaviors of the Oromo in the Diaspora. So I believe that the ongoing debate on how to continue the struggle in the Diaspora can benefit from this piece. Hence, without revising it, I reproduce the article below.
Statement of Purpose
At the turn of the twenty-first century, our nation and its national movement are at a crossroads just at the moment when capitalist globalization and the Ethiopian empire state are facing their deepest crises. Despite the fact that Oromummaa and Oromo nationalism have been developing and that the Oromo national struggle has achieved an ideological and moral victory over Ethiopian colonialism and the Tigrayan-led fascist Ethiopian government, the Oromo national movement faces serious ideological, political, and organizational crises coming from two main sources. One of these sources is external and structural, and the other one is internal and behavioral. Although it is necessary that all Oromo activists understand these external and structural factors, for this purpose we must focus on internal and behavioral factors in order to critically and comprehensively deal with our current complex problems. The lack of ideological clarity, political confusion, and organizational and leadership shortcomings in the Oromo national movement and society are the major internal problems that hinder the movement from emerging as one of strong political forces in the Horn of Africa. Consequently, our people are targeted for destruction by the Tigrayan-led terrorist regime.
Our leadership and organizational weaknesses have allowed the Tigrayan ethno-fascists to terrorize and repress our society and loot our resources despite the fact that there are several millions of Oromos who are determined to fight and die for the liberation of our nation and country. In the capitalist world system since there are no morality and justice, several indigenous peoples were exterminated and those who have states expropriated their countries. In this corrupt system, might is right. The saving of our nation from extermination requires us to be serious about solving our leadership and organizational crises through the total mobilization of our human, intellectual and cultural resources at grassroots levels. So we must be able to mobilize every self-respecting Oromo to engage in self and national emancipation. All Oromos must realize that it is necessary to have state power to make sure that our nation and country survive forever. What are our specific problems? How can we solve them?
Specifically the Oromo national movement is suffering from:
(1) the lack of coherent and organic leadership;
(2) the absence of open and honest dialogue;
(3) the low level and uneven development of Oromummaa and Oromo nationalism;
(4) the lack of accountability of some leaders and followers to the Oromo people;
(5) the blind attachment to borrowed political culture and ideologies without adapting them to the Gadaa political culture and traditions;
(6) the lack of clarity on how to build Oromummaa from diverse Oromo experiences;
(7) the lack of unifying and mobilizing formal (political) and informal (social) leadership; and
(8) the lack of the total mobilization of Oromo human, intellectual and material resources.
Critically comprehending these complex problems and solving them require the establishment GOAN and GO in the Diaspora wherever Oromos live beyond the control of the Ethiopian state. Of course, GOAN and GO will be the global foundation of the Oromo national struggle in Oromia.
We Oromo nationalists in general and the Oromo political leadership in particular have yet to fulfill our national obligations of enabling the Oromo nation to liberate itself from all forms oppression, degradation, and abject poverty. Without building a coordinated and consolidated national movement at grass roots and central levels, we cannot empower our nation. The Oromo national movement cannot solve its ideological, leadership and organizational problems without coordinating and consolidating the movement and without mobilizing all Oromo intellectual, cultural, financial, and human resources. The persistent failure of our leaders and movement to overcome our ideological, organizational and behavioral problems have allowed the strengthening of the internal enemies of the Oromo people which in turn has strengthened the power of the Tigrayan-led fascist Ethiopian state.
The Tigrayan-led minority Ethiopian government is attempting to give a final solution for the Oromo political problem that has existed for several centuries—the relationship between the Oromos and their Amhara-Tigrayan colonizers. The Tigrayan ethno-fascists know that without the destruction of the Oromo nation their dreams cannot become reality. The policy of targeting and exterminating indigenous peoples has occurred elsewhere in the world and has been an integral element of the racialized capitalist world system since the 16th century. European colonialists exterminated indigenous peoples in the Americas, Australia, and Africa over a period of several centuries in order to transfer their resources to the European colonial settlers and their descendants while claiming to promote Christian civilization, modernity, democracy, and commerce. If we cannot stop the genocidal policy of the Tigrayan ethno-fascists by our struggle, the survival of our nation and our country is questionable.
The Meles regime is completing the forced removal of the Oromos from the areas surrounding Finfinnee. It has settled millions of armed Amhara and Tigrayan settlers in Oromia by removing the Oromos from their ancestral homelands. Furthermore, it has already leased several million hectares of Oromo lands to so-called investors, such as the Chinese government as well as Arab, Indian, Malaysian, and European business people and local capitalists by evicting Oromo farmers from their lands. To achieve its political and economic objectives, the Meles regime engages in political repression, state terrorism, genocidal massacres, and gross human rights violations in Oromia. Furthermore, it has mobilized other ethnonations against the Oromo people. The Meles regime terrorizes the Oromos in order to establish Tigrayan hegemony and dominate and exploit Oromian resources.
The Tigrayan state elites believe that independent Oromo intellectuals, businessmen and women, conscious Oromo farmers, students, and community and religious leaders are the enemy of the Tigrayan national interests. Therefore, they want to eliminate them. The regime has engaged in genocidal massacres with little or no opposition from Western powers, particularly the United States. All these crimes against humanity are committed in the names of democracy and development. The systematic destruction of Oromo nationalists and leadership are characterized as genocide. The Ethiopian state has failed and is on the verge of collapse. It survives primarily by depending on world powers while practicing authoritarianism, terrorism, and hidden genocide. The Amhara elites are also struggling on multiple fronts to recapture Ethiopian state power. This does not mean that we cannot ally to topple the Meles government.
Without clearly articulating the ideology of Oromummaa based on diverse Oromo experiences and solving the incoherence of the Oromo national leadership through concrete policies and actions, we cannot solve the external and structural problems of the Oromo national struggle. The Oromo national movement has been paralyzed by both external structural problems and by the ideological and leadership crises of the Oromo national movement. The survival of the Oromo nation and national movement without strong organizational and military power is doubtful. Accepting these realities will help Oromo nationalists and their political organizations as they seek a paradigm shift in the Oromo national movement rather than waiting for a miracle to happen. Since the Oromo national movement is facing a danger from all directions, leaders and we Oromo nationalists must take pragmatic collective actions to save ourselves and our nation from total humiliation, defeat, and destruction.
We activists should take practical steps for building ideological and organizational coherence and leadership effectiveness and for coordinating and consolidating the Oromo national movement. If organizations and we Oromo nationalists are truly concerned about our people and if we want to achieve liberation, we should show respect for our democratic traditions and practice civility and engage in our political and ideological deliberations. Such responsible and courageous actions require taking accountability seriously and using a single standard for evaluating behavior and measuring performance in relation to the Oromo national struggle.
We need to create and build GOAN and GO as a forum to deal with our ideological, leadership and organizational problems in the Diaspora and beyond. We believe that we can be successful if we are resolute in our objectives because of three crucial reasons. At this historical moment, we can organize and sharpen our human agency because we have adequate human resources, capable and skilled human power, and democratic cultural traditions that we need to reinvent our national movement at grassroots levels. We must realize and convince ourselves that we can use our human, intellectual and cultural resources to effectively solve our ideological, leadership and organizational deficits. Without any doubt victory will belong to us if we believe in it and act upon it in effective and efficient ways.
The Main purposes for establishing GOAN and GO
The first purpose of forming GOAN and GOA is to critically understand and confront our ideological, leadership and organizational shortcomings and to develop central organizing ideas and strategic plans at grassroots for our national movement. GOAN functions as a think-thank body to buttress the formal structures of GO by extending its arms through its activists to various Oromo sectors and communities. All members of the GOAN network establish and maintain the structure and cohesion of the Oromo movement at grassroots levels by regulating tensions, dealing with adversary conditions that destabilize our movement, and by disseminating valuable information in the movement and Oromo communities.
The second purpose is to strengthen our movement that has been built by the sacrifices of selfless and determined Oromo nationalists in general and by the blood and bones of our Oromo heroes and heroines in particular. Thousands of Oromo heroes and heroines have given their lives in Oromian forests and cities, Ethiopian prisons, and neighboring countries. We are the students and followers of these heroes and heroines and our duty is not to gain personal glory or benefit, but to fulfill the objectives for which they have sacrificed their lives.
The third purpose is to translate the objectives of our national movement at grassroots levels by establishing short- and long-term goals. Providing the means of actions by identifying and channeling the talents and energies of our network members effectively and efficiently is our fourth purpose. Our fifth purpose is expanding membership numbers and mobilizing members’ support for building our national movement at grassroots level and intensifying the struggle by appealing to the collective interests of the Oromo people. Our sixth purpose is building Oromummaa through identifying Oromo diversity and unity by invoking Oromo collective memory in order to create a new understanding of contemporary conditions and a new vision of future possibilities. The process of Oromo self-emancipation is only possible by building Oromummaa as a means of mobilizing all Oromos to establish self-confidence, consciousness, and self-organization to achieve total emancipation.
Our cultural and political road map is clear. While solving our ideological, leadership and organizational crises and problems at grassroots levels, we will build the structures of our networks that will gradually evolve into an assembly of delegates of civic organizations and institutions known as GO in every country wherever Oromos reside. Gradually we will consolidate the Global Oromo Activist Network and GO that will articulate the voice of the Oromo nation on the global level. Undoubtedly this will end the isolation of Oromia and its people from the global community forever.
The Oromo assembly of delegates will have two major bodies:
1) the management body that is called the General Assembly of Oromo Civic Associations and Institutions (Gumii Oromiyaa), and
2) the Research and policy body. The management body consists of all chairpersons and representative leaders of Oromo civic associations and institutions including churches and mosques, concerned individual members and notable Oromos; it forms its executive committee and other functional committees.
The general assembly (GO) will have eight standing committees:
1) the executive committee,
2) the publication committee,
3) the public relations committee,
4) the diplomacy committee,
5) the technology and media committee,
6) the audit committee,
7) the leadership nomination committee, and
8) the Oromo welfare committee.
The research and policy body will have five branches:
A) The frame transformation activist group (Garee Qormataa fi furmaataa),
B) the frame amplification activist group (Garee gudddisa aadaa, enyummaa, fi Oromummaa),
C) the frame extension activist group (Garee burqisiiftuu yaadaa fi beekumsa haaraa), and
D) the frame bridging activist group (Garee Qunnamtii keessa fi alaa), and
E) the policy group that includes the management body (Garee Imaammata).
A) The frame transformation activist group (Garee Qormataa fi furmaataa)
The frame transformation activist group studies the strengths and weaknesses of the Oromo national movement and suggests how to maintain the strengths and how to overcome the weaknesses. This group focuses on how to overcome the current crises in the movement.
B) The frame amplification group (Garee gudddisa aadaa, enyummaa, fi Oromummaa)
This group designs cultural and political activities that help in deepening and broadening Oromummaa. It further researches and develops various Oromo social and cultural experiences as the self-representation of the Oromo nation by focusing on the diversity and unity of the Oromo people. The group also engages in the Oromo cultural restoration and rebuilding and promotes an Oromo-centric worldview.
C) The frame extension activist group (Garee burqisiiftuu yaadaa fi beekumsa haaraa)
This group develops new principles, ideas and values for the Oromo national movement. It also focuses on domestic, regional and international practical issues and policy formations.
D) The frame bridging activist group (Garee Qunnamtii keessa fi alaa)
This group engages in building social, cultural and political bridges by identifying some Oromo sectors and organizations that share some political and national concerns and grievances and facilitates ways of forming the organizational base for the Oromo solidarity network. (2) It also designs ways of dealing with non-Oromo communities on regional and global levels. In other words, while developing national Oromummaa, this group frames the essence and characteristics of global Oromummaa.
E) The policy group (Garee Imaammata)
This group includes members of the four activist groups and the management body. It develops guidelines and policies for the four activist network groups and the General Assembly of Oromo Civic Associations (GO). The GO interprets all the guidelines and policies developed by this group.
Organizational Structures of Gumii Oromiyaa
Gumii Oromiyaa (GO) shall have an Executive Committee elected by the General Assembly for a two-year term. Each committee shall develop its own internal guidelines without contradicting the principles that are outlined in this document.
1. The Executive Committee
A) The Executive Committee shall implement the decisions of GO.
B) The Executive Committee shall be accountable to the GO.
C) GO’s executive Committee shall be composed of the President, the President-Elect, the Secretary, the Treasurer, and chairpersons of all committees.
D) GO officials will be elected by the General Assembly for two years, except the president-elect who will serve for four years, i.e. two years as the president-elect and two years as the president.
E) GO’s President shall be the Chief Executive and Representative of GO.
F) The President shall convene and chair all meetings of the Executive Committee, prepare its agenda, organize and coordinate the General Assembly conferences and activities.
G) The President-Elect shall perform duties given to him/her by the President, and when the President cannot discharge his/her duties, shall execute all duties and responsibilities of the President.
H) The Secretary shall keep records of all actions of the Executive Committee, the minutes of all meetings, the reports and recommendations from the Association’s various committees, and keep current files of the Association’s records.
I) The Treasurer shall be elected by the General Assembly to serve for a two-year term.
J) The Treasurer shall record and account for all incoming funds of the association as well as their expenditures according to the directives of the Executive Committee, and shall establish a bank account in the name of GO, keep up-to-date financial records of the association, and shall open the financial records to the Auditor when requested.
K) The President and the Secretary shall have the authority to jointly withdraw up to $1000 for miscellaneous expenses.
L) A single withdrawal from the Gumii Oromiiyaa’s account that exceeds $1000.00 shall require written approval of the Executive Committee.
M) The Executive Committee may form ad hoc committees and determine their duties and responsibilities and term of office in so far as the activities do not contravene directly or indirectly any provision in the Constitution.
N) The Executive Committee shall have written guidelines, consistent with the Constitution that regulates its business meetings, decision-making process and other internal matters.
O) The Executive Committee shall organize an Oromo national convention (ya’ii Oromoo) once a year.
P) The Executive Committee shall design innovative ways of mobilizing and involving Oromo women and youth in GO.
Q) The Executive Committee shall develop ways and means of generating income for GO.
R) The Executive Committee shall engage in the process of rebuilding the self-administration of Oromia on the principles of Gadaa and other relevant democratic principles and processes.
S) The Executive Committee shall engage in the restoration of Oromo democratic culture, reorientation of values on the foundation of Oromummaa, and the process of liberation education to ideologically empower its members.
T) The Executive Committee shall develop mechanisms of forming alliances with progressive social and cultural movements to promote the Oromo national cause.
U) The Executive Committee shall develop policies and mechanisms of helping Oromo refugees who are suffering in Africa, the Middle East, and other places.
V) The Executive committee shall organize seminars and town hall meetings by collaborating with its local members in cities wherever many Oromos reside.
2) The Publication Committee
A) The publication committee shall have three members.
B) It shall publish periodic newsletters and the findings of the policy group and distributes them.
C) This committee shall prepare slogans, issues, flyers, posters, etc.
3) The Public Relations Committee
A) The publication relations committee shall have three members.
B) It shall serve as a spokesperson of Gumii Oromiyaa.
C) It shall issue statements, press releases and works with different media outlets.
D) It shall monitor and collect information on the Oromo and shall respond to them if it is necessary.
E) It shall prepare brief information on the Oromo people and disseminate it.
4) The Diplomacy Committee
A) The Diplomatic Committee shall have three members.
B) It shall contact and work with different entities including governments, NGOS, religious groups, and international organizations.
C) It shall provide these entities with relevant information to educate and inform them.
D) It shall study views, positions, and policies of these entities toward the Oromo nation
E) It shall engage in public diplomacy to win sympathizers, friends and supporters for the Oromo national cause and struggle.
F) It shall build strong relationships with every society in which the Oromo Diaspora lives.
5) The Technology and Media Committee
A) This committee shall have five members who have expertise in media technology and communication.
B) This committee shall create a website for Gumii Oromiyaa and shall update it with relevant information.
C) It shall connect all Oromo civic associations, institutions, and organizations all over the world.
D) It shall develop TV and radio programs to broadcast them.
6) The Leadership Nomination Committee
A) The committee shall have five members with high level of credibility, integrity and commitment for Oromummaa and the Oromo national cause.
B) It shall recruit individuals who have proven records for the Oromo national cause and who have demonstrated capacity for leadership and shall present them as candidates for various leadership positions.
C) It shall study Oromo leadership experiences of the Oromo during the gadaa system and that of other democratic experiences and shall inform the candidates and the general assembly.
D) It shall make sure that candidate pools should reflect Oromo diversity in region, gender, age, profession, and religion.
7) The audit Committee
A) The auditing committee shall have three members.
B) It shall audit the financial resources of GO and the performances of all committees and their members and shall report to GO.
C) The members of this committee should have professional expertise and commitment for the Oromo national cause.
8) The Oromo welfare committee
A) The welfare committee shall have five members.
B) The committee shall develop ways of financially and morally supporting members of GO who shall face unexpected emergencies such as death or legal problems or other emergencies beyond the capacity of a family or an individual. In other words, the committee shall develop guidelines on how to care for its members during the time of emergencies.
C) It shall produce ideas and disseminate them to all members in order to educate them on ways of caring for and protecting one another as extended Oromo families.
D) It shall mobilize members’ professional expertise to provide counseling on important matters for concerned individual members.
* Dr. Asafa Jalata, Professor of Sociology, Global Studies, and Africana Studies at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, has authored and/or edited eight books, published several referred articles, and contributed chapters to quite a few books on issues related to the Oromo people and Oromia.
Kana Beektuu Laata? I Teessoo Shaggar fi Gosoota Oromoo Shaggar/Finfinnee Keessa fi Naannoo Ishii Qubatan (Bulloo Shoolee irraa)
Teessoo Shaggar fi gosoota Oromoo Shaggar/Finfinnee keessa fi naannoo
Shaggar/Finfinneen gosa Oromoo keessa isa tokkoo kan ta’ee fi dame
Booraanaa keessa Tuulama kan jedhamuun abbaa qabeenyaa taatee ture.
Tuulama keessa gosti guddaa fi inni angafaa kan ta’e Galaan kan
jedhamu. Qarqara kibba tulluu Cuqqaalaa irraa ka’ee Hawaas(Hawaash)
cehuun hanga walakkaa Shaggar/Finfinneetti tamsa’ee jira. Gosti kun
balbala baayyee of jalatti kan qabu yoo ta’u hanga Wallootti diriiree
Inni Lammaffaan Obo Tuulamaa immoo Galaan irraa gara kaabattii Caffee
Doonsaa irraa kaasee hanga Qarree-Gowwaa jedhamuttii diriiree kan jiru
yoo ta’u, naannoo Finfinnee/Shaggar kan qubatee, ilam angafaa Oboo kan
ta’e gosa Gumbichuu yoo ta’u hanga kaabaa Finfinnee/Shaggar naannoo
Caancotti jira. (Gosa gurguddaa 7 qaba)
Ilmaan Oboo Finfinnee keessa warra jiran lamaan keessaa (Gullallee
Oboo fi Gullallee Beeroo) gullallee Oboo Finfinnee irraa kaasee gara
kaabaa fi kaabaa dhihaatti/Lixaatti diriiree hanga baha laga Mogoritti
yoo ta’u gara kibbaatti immoo Galaan keessa gadi seenee jira.
Inni sadeessoon immoo Eekkaa Oboo kan jedhamu Galaan irraa gara Kaabaa
fi Gullallee irraa gara bahaatti laga Qabbanaawaa(Qabbannaa) irraa
kaasee Finfinnee gara bahaa dhuunfatee hanga daangaa Gumbichuutti
deema (ilaamnaa sadii qaba)
Lafti Shaggar/Finfinnee jedhamu kun bara Minilik qabamuun ishii
beekamaadha. Jalqaba Qubsuma waraana fi maatii nafxanyootaa yoo ta’u
booda gara magaala guddiitti Empaayerittitti jijjiramee. Oromoonis
bakka kana irraa buqqifamee gara kutaa adda addaatti faca’uuf fi
gosoota naannoo sana jiranitti makamee ture.
Ittii aanee Empaayerittii kan qabatees, bara Hayila Sillaasee, Shaggar
babal’achaa deemuun, Oromoota buqqisee godaansisuu itti fufe.
Fakkeenyaf bakki Gootaraa jedhamuu fii Fabrikaan Simmintoo ture sun
bosaana dukkanaawaa fii Leenci keessaa baroodaa akka ture jaarsoleen
dubbataa turan. Baruma bittaa H/Sillaasee kana naannoon Finfinnee kun
“mannaggashaa Awuraajjaa” jedhama. Finfinneen kantiiban haa bultu
malee, Awuraajjaa kana jala turte, awuraajjichis akkuma qaamaa
Finfinneetti ilaalama ture.
Babal’ifannaan mootota habashaa bara Dargiis itti fufuun sirumaa hanga
Km 125(kiiloo meetira) ta’a jedhamee odeeffamaa ture, Oromoota
buqqiisuun bara dargiisi itti fufee ture.
Dabalataanis Shaggar karaa kibba Dhihaatin jahan(6n) Bachootin
daangeffama. Kan jechuun warra Finfinnee/Shaggar keessaa gadi
dhiibamanii, naannoo Sabbataa fi naannoo Furii turan dabalatee
jechaadha. Jahan Bachoo jechuun ilmaan jahan Bachoo-Tuulamaa hore
jechaadha. Fakkeenya Meetta fi Subba sadeen (3n) fi kkf.
Amma Bara wayyaanee buqqifamuun Oromoo itti hammaatee, Sababni isaa
misooma maqaa jedhuun gurgurtaa lafaa irraa argamu maallaqa waan
barbaadaniif, warra qabeenya qabanitti lafa maqaa liizii jedhuu hanga
waggaa 99ti kontiraata gurguruuf waan ta’eef.
Karoora Wayyaanee “Ammisti Amata Pilaan” jedhuu inni jalqabaa ganda
qonnaan bulaa Oromoo naannoo Shaggar 27 Finfinneetti dabalee
Karoora waggaa shanii inni lammaaffaan immoo, gara Onaatti
(waraadaaletti) cehee karoorfate. Karoorri waggaa shanii inni 3ffaa fi
amma keessa jirruu fii dhumaa jiru kun immoo gara Zoonitti cehee, gara
Onaa (waradaalee) jahaa Finfinneetti dabaalee ture. Amma lafti zoonii
kana keessaa guguramee, Oromoon buqqa’ee dhumee jennaan, Maqaa “Zoonii
addaa” jedhuu irraa haqanii qaama Finfinnee taasisuun, karoora waggaa
shanii isa itti aanu qopheefachuuf ture.
Kanaaf Karoorri waggaa shanii wayyaanee inni ittii aanuu kan
karoorfamu “Zoonii Addaa” irraa gara “Kutaa addaa” jedhamaa. Kunis isa
duraan “Shoe ykn Shawaa” jedhu sana gara Finfinneetti karoorsuf kan
tilmaamame fakkaata. Kun eegaa adeemsa keessa mirkanaaya.
Seenaa Finfinnee/Shaggar ilaalchisee barruu “Duudhaa” jedhu irratte
maxxanee dhihaatee ture keessaa hanga tokkoo akka itti aanutti
gabaabsee dhiheessuu yaalame.
Uummanni tokko biyya, ilmaan, qabeenya(kan uumamaa ykn kan ofii horate
),waan arge, waan dhaga’e walumaa galatti waan naannoo isaa jiruu fi
jira jedhee amanu hundaaf maqaa moggaasa. Akkaataan moggaasa maqaa kun
waa’ee uumatichaa waan agarsiisu qaba. Fakkeenyaaf Oromtichi tokko
ilma isaatiin Galgaloo yoo jedhu waan jechuuf edate qaba.
Mucichi gara galgalaa dhalachuu isaa ykn, abbichi dhala kana kan
argate umrii gara dullumaa keessa ta’uu, ykn ilmi dhalate sun bara
dullumaatti “abdii kiyya” jdhee yaadee ta’uu mala. Warri intala isaani
Gaaddisee yoo jedhan akkuma kana waan jechuu barbaadan qabu.Gaaddisa,
dawoo,abdii dhala isaaniirraa qaban muul’isuuf jedhaniiti. Orom-durii
yoo waa moggaasu ergaa dabarsu qaba. Isa dhufutti waan agarsiisu waan
dhaammatutu jira. Maqaa baasee ittiin ergaa dabarfata. Biyya isaa
keessaa naannoo tokkoof yoo maqaa baasu akkataa faana Oromummaa
agarsiisutti, haala foolii Oromoo urgaa’uunin. Fkn.maqaa Gullallee
jedhamee beekamu yoo ilaalle, biyya Oromoo ta’uu agarsiisa.Faana
Oromoo muul’sa. Gullallee jechuun gosa Oromoo keessaa isa tokko waan
Oromoon gaafa biyya isaa dhabu waahedduu dhabe. Dhala isaa maqaa ofii
barbade,kan fedhii isaa guutu ,ilaalcha isaa calaqqisiisu, abdii fi
hawwii isaa muul’isuun moggaasee waammachuu dhoowwame. Tasa moggasee
yoo argame ilmi/intalli maqaa Oromootiin waamamu/tu ni tuffatama/mti,
ni arrabsama/mti, akka ofitti qaana’an taasifamu. Dhala Oromoo fi
qe’ee Oromoo maqaa geeddaran. Oromoo faana balleessuuf duula bara
dheeraa fi tarsimoo addaatiin qindaa’e geggeessan. Godaannifni madaa
duula kanaa muul’su har’allee ilmaan Oromoo fi qe’ee Oromoorraa
hinbanne. Dhalli Oromoo maqaa Oromootiin waamamuutu miidhaga. Dacheen
Oromiyaa moggasa Oromootiin waamamuutu irraa tola.
Kana hunda gochuuf dhaloonni saba kanaa mirgas dirqamas niqabu.
Koloneeffataan biyya humnaan qabate maqaa itti jijjiiree akka abbaan
biyyaa biyya isaa dagatu gochuuf akeekkatee hojjechuun waanuma jiru.
Kan dabe qajeelfachuun garuu dhimma abbaati. “Kan cunqursaan dhoksuuf
yaale ifatti basuuf carraaquun dhimma yeeroon gaafatu.” Jechaa,Seenaa
Finfinnee Keessaa Waan Muraasa Oromoon baruu qaba jennu Wal Barsiisuf
Abbaa biyyummaa Oromoo hubachuu fi Finfineen kan Oromoo ta´uu
shakkiin hin jiru. Kana dagachuun hardhallee borullee seeraa fi
seenaan kan nama gaafachiisu ta´a. Kanaaf kana duuba Oromoon bakkoota
kana qayyabatee itti dhimma bahuu(ittin waamuu) qaba.
i. Finfinneen qaama Oromiyaa akkuma taate hunda bulchinsa Oromiyaa
jala turte. Ilmaan Oromoo weerara Minilikiin dura Finfinnee Bulchaa
Turan kessaa akka fakkeenyaati:
Caffee Tuulamaa : kan bulchaa ture gooticha Oromoo-Tufaa Munaa.
Birbirsa fi Mana Gullallee : kan bulchaa ture -Qajeelaa Dooyyo
Teechoo/Teessoo :kan bulchaa ture -Guddataa Araddoo
Boolee: Kan bulchaa ture -Shubbuu Ejersaa
Boolee Bulbulaa: kan bulchaa ture- Soraa Lomee
Kolfee /Qaraniyoo/: bulchaa ture -Axalee Jaatanii
Daalattii kan bulchaa ture- Jamo Dabalee
Jarsaye kan bulchaa ture -Galatee Ashate
Ekkaa kan bulchaa ture- Abeebee Tufa
ii. Karra Shanan Finfinnee
Finfinneen karra ykn qarmammeettii shan qabdi ture.Shana isaaniituu
maqaa maqaa ofii qabu. Isaanis :
Karra Qirxii – karaa gara kaaba geessu
Karra Qoree – karaa Jimmatti geessu
Karra Allo- Karaa Walloo/Daseetti nama geessu
Karra Qaalluu/Qaallitti- karaa Bishooftuutti nama geessu
Karra Gafarsaa- Gara dhiyaatti kan geessu
iii. Bulchiinsota duraanii keessatti akkaataa Onoota caasaa bulchiinsa
Finfinnee fi maqaleen naannolee akka armaan gadii fakkaata.
A. Ona Caffee Tumaa
Finfinnee :– Hora saawwan Gullallee fi Galaan arraabaa turan amma
bakka “Filwuha” jedhamu
Hurufa Doobbii:- Bakka maqaan ammaa Jaan Meedaa, Embaasi Egypt,
Hospitaala Minilik, bakka qubtuma waraanaa isaanii godhatani dha.
Dirree Caffee Araaraa- Bakka amma Yuniversity kiiloo jaha/sidist
kilo/, Hospitaala Yakkaatiti 12 jedhamu dabalatee fi naannoo isaa jiru
Dhummuugaa: – bakka amma Ginfillee jedhamu ture.
Keelloo Masqalaa- Bakka amma yuniversity kiiloo Afur jiruu,
parlaamaa, Bataskaana Qiddist Maramii, fi Qiddisit Sillasee, bakka
amma Baasha waldachilot jedhamu, fi bakka amma xiyyit beet jedhamu.
Tulluu Heexoo Diimtuu: – bakka amma masaraan mootummoota habashaa
jiru, taaboti Gabrelii jiruu, buufata polisaa Keessa fi bakka Baahitaa
Dhakaa Araaraa: – Bakka amma Fit barri, bakka poolis garaaj jedhamu,
bakka amma hooteelli Sharaatan jiru, bakka Iteegee maski jedhamu, fi
bakka amma hoteelli Hilton jiru.
Qarsaa:- kun ammoo bakka amma kasanchis jedhamu irraa kaasee haga
xiyyit bet jedhamu ammata.
Awwaaroo:- bakkuma amma Awwaaree jedhamu dha.
Hulluuqoo korma:- bakka amma bataskaanni Isxifaanos jedhamu jiru,
bakka amma Masqal addababay jedhamu, fi bakka amma Raas Birruu safar
Hora finfinnee:- bakka amma Fil wuha jedhamee beekamu, bakka mana
masaraa mootummaa isa lammaffaa fi awwaaree dabalata.
Dolloo Biddeena: – bakka amma Baqloo beet,Gootaraa fi Walloo safar jedhamu
Dabbasoo: – bakka amma lagahar mashulakiyaa jedhamu.
Haada Amma – bakka amma Teelee Garaji, bataskaana Carqos jedhaman
B. Ona Birbirsa yaa´ii Gooroo
Waddeessa: – bakka amma piyaassaa, Charchar godaanaa, fi Araadaa
Maarama Birbirsaa: – bakka amma bataskaanni Gorgis jiru
C. Ona Qarsaa
Hurufa Raaree :– bakka amma buufati konkolaataa dhaabbatu, bakka amma
raas Ganamee safar jedhamu fi Addisuu Mikaa’êl jedhamu dabalata .
Sokorruu :– Bakka amma hospitaala Amanu´el jiru, bakka amma dhaabba
midhanii(ihiil barandaa), massaalamiyaa, fi kowaas meedaa jedhamu
Sulula Garbii :– Bakka amma Taklahaymaanotii fi Cid taraa jedhamee
Garbii: – bakka amma Sangaa tara fi Ambaxxaa makkalakayaa jedhamudha.
Qarsaa: – bakka amma Markaatoo , Ameerikaan gibbii, fi masgiida
Anuwaar isa gudda fi naannoo isaa dabalata.
Baro Kormaa: – bakka amma Gollaa Mikaa´el, Raas Tasammaa safar,
hospitaala Xiqur Ambassaa, fi bakka waajirrii dhimma daangaa cehuu
(imegrashin) jedhamu ammata.
Dachee Golbaa:– bakka amma Addis katamaa jedhamu kana.
D. Ona Gullallee ykn mana Gullallee
Adaamii:- bakka amma bataskaanni Rufaa´el jedhamu jiru, Sameen
mazagajaa, fi Sameen Total jedhamanii fi naannoo ishee hammata
Diddiimtuu – bakka amma Shogolee jedhamee beekamu ammata.
Qaallee:– Bakka amma Askoo jedhamu
Fiichee:– Bakka amma dahannoo Xaliyaani ykn Xaliyaan mishig jedhamu.
Kattaa:– ammas kattaa jedhama
Burayyuu:– Bakka amma burrayyuu, fi Gafarsa jedhamu
Harbuu Irreechaa: – bakka amma Raas Hayiluu safar jedhamu
E. Ona Abbichu
Burqaa Ejeree:– Bakka amma Inxooxxoo Kidana mirat jedhamu, fi bakka
amma Imbasiin Faransaay irra qubatee fi naannoo isaa.
Baddaa Ejersaa :– Bakka amma Iyyasuus, Raas kaasaa safar jedhamu
Hurruma: – Bakka amma Imbaasiin Faransaay, Xaliyaani fi bataskaanni
Abboo jedhamu jiru ammata
F. Ona xiixaa (Inxooxxoo)
Haxxee laalii:– bakka amma Shiroo meedaa fi Inxooxxoo Maaramiin
jiranii fi naannoo isaa ammata
Muujjaa:– bakka amma Shiroo meedaa jiru keessattuu itti waamama.
Waayyuu: – bakka amma Qacanee Madanalam jedhamu ture
Karaa Qorxii: – bakka amma Balaay Zallaqaa mangad jedhamuu fi Samen
bar jedhamu ammata.
G. Ona Ekkaa.
Burqaa Qorichaa:– Bakka amma Yakkaa Mikaa´el xabal, laga Qabbannaa, fi
laga Daadhii jiran dabalata.
Karaa alloo riqicha:– Bakka amma Imbasiin Ingilizii, Imbasiin
Jarmanii, fi Imbasiin Raashaa jiran dabalata.
Harbuu:– bakka amma Gurdi shoolaa jedhamu dha.
Kotabee:– Ammas Kotabee jedhama
Doqaa Booraa: – Bakka amma Hayaa hulatti maazoriyaa jedhamu dabalata
H. Ona Boolee
Garjii:– Ammas garjii dhumaan beekama
Bulbulaa:– Ammas Bulbulaa dhan beekama
Warra ganuu:– Ammas warra ganuun beekama
I. Ona Teechoo/Teessoo
Golboo:– bakka amma Marqos, warshaa qadaaddi (qorkii), Qaallitti,
Qeeraa, Goofaa jedhaman ammata.
Lumee:– bakka amma bataskaana Yooseef jiru kana dabalata
Laaftoo Tumtuu – bakka ammaa Bunnaanaa boordii jedhamu ammata
Jaajaa:– bakka amma Biheere Tsiggee jedhamu ammata
Tulluu Ejersaa:– bakka amma Haannaa Maariyaam jedhamu ammata
Tulluu dheertuu – bakka amma Goofaa beetamangist jedhamu ammata
Baaboo:– bakka amma Addisuu Qeeraa jedhamu dabalata
Sammuu Gullallee:– bakka amma Meettaa darichaa jedhamu ammata
J. Ona Caffee Aannanii
Caffee Muudaa: – Bakka amma manni murtii ol aanaa jiru (lidataa) ammata
Harbuu: – Bakka amma Meksikoo, mana barnoota tagbaara’id jiru, mana
adabaa Finfinnee, bakka Saar bet jedhamu, bakka Geejjaa safar jedhamu,
mana barnootaa Dajjaa Baalchaa, bakka oomisha dhugaatii wayin xajji,
bakka oomisha kookaa kollaa dabalata,
Harawaa:– bakka amma oomishini haadaa jiru ( qaaccaa fabrika) jedhamu dabalata.
Calcalli:– bakka amma Sar bet jedhamu dabalata
Mardee: – bakka amma “Arogee Awuropilan marefiya, Midir Xoor”, ganda
Tolasaa, fi Raphii jedhaman ammata.
Bakkanniisa: – bakka amma Makkaanisaa jedhamee waamamu dha.
L. Ona Kolfee
Daalattii:– bakka amma Qaraaniyoo jedhamee waamamu,
Labu:– bakka amma Siga meeda, Taaxaq Xor safar jedhamu ammata
Xaro :– bakka amma Axaanaa Taraa fi Faxino darash jedhamu ammata.
Barruu “Duudhaa” jedhamuu
Seenaa Oromoo hanga jaarraa 16ffa
Jaarsolee Tuulamaa irraa afoolaa funaaname
Barruu “mandiisuu” Gumii Oromiyaati qophaawu
ግጥም:- ኮተታም ግንቦት ሃያ
ያ ኮተታም! ዓረመኔ! ግንቦት ሃያ፣
ገዳይ አምባገነን በገዳይ አምባገነን መተኪያ፣
ነጻነትን ዳግም መጨፍለቂያ፣
ዜጎችን በሆዳሞች መጠርነፊያ፣
የእስር ቤት ልማት መስፋፊያ፣
ያ ብሶት የወለደዉ፣
ሃያ ሶስት ዓመት ሞላዉ ሀገሪቱን እያደቀቀዉ፣
የደርግን ሠራዊት ደመሰስኩ እያለ ሁሌ የሚያወራ፣
ሆኖ ተገኘ ተማሪ፣ ብሎገር፣ ጋዜጠኛን የሚፈራ፣
እራሱን ብሎ የሚጠራ ተራራዉን ያንቀጠቀጠዉ፣
ግን አየነዉ ተማሪ በባዶ እጁ ሲያርበደብደዉ፣
የግንቦት ሃያ የድል ፋና፣
ቆየ ከሸተተ የከረፋ ቃና፣
የግንቦት ሃያ ግፍ መረረን እምቢ ለምትሉ፣
አንድነት ሃይል ነዉ! እሱን ለመንቀሉ፣
አንድነት ሃይል ነዉ! እሱን ለመንቀሉ፣
ግንቦት 2006 (May 2014)
When Enough Is Enough: Rise Up People Of Ethiopia – OpEd
There are tentative signs that the people of Ethiopia are beginning to organise themselves and stand up against the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) government, a brutal dictatorship, albeit one dressed in democratic western garb.
After 23 years of suppression at the hands of the EPRDF, simmering discontent and anger appears to finally be spilling over onto the streets. Robbed of hope, the people have had enough, enough of the wide-ranging human rights abuses. The denial of constitutional rights, the arbitrary imprisonments and torture, regime violence, the displacement of people from ancestral land, the partisan distribution of aid, and the rising cost of living.
The right to peaceful protest
Like many democratic principles, the right to protest is enshrined in Ethiopia’s constitution. Written in 1991 by the EPRDF, the legally binding document of liberal correctness is routinely ignored by the regime, whose response to public protests has been consistently violent.
Last year Addis Ababa witnessed the first mass demonstrations since 2005, when “security forces killed dozens of protesters [some estimate that up to 200 people were murdered by government forces] and arbitrarily detained thousands of people across the country.” [Human Rights Watch (HRW)] Unsurprisingly since then the streets have been quiet. Until 2013 that is, when in June thousands found the courage to march through the capital demanding the release of political prisoners, “respect for the constitution” and “Justice! Justice! Justice!” [Reuters] And again in November, when enraged demonstrators gathered outside the Saudi Arabian Embassy in Addis Ababa and cities across the world to protest the appalling abuse meted out to Ethiopian migrants in the Gulf State. Many hoped this united response was the beginning of a coordinated movement of collective action, a long overdue movement for change.
Ethiopia is young, 65% of the population are under 25, the median age is a mere 17, and like protest movements elsewhere — Egypt, Brazil, Turkey e.g., it is the young who are leading the way. They see clearly the injustices, the violations of fundamental freedoms and the duplicity of a government that presents a democratic face to its international allies and benefactors whilst brutalising its own people.
Since 25th April, students have demonstrated throughout the Oromia Regional State, protesting against the government’s sinister sounding ‘Integrated Development Master Plan’. The Oromo people constitute Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group — around 27 million people — almost a third of the population. They have been marginalised and discriminated against since the 19th century when Empress Taytu Betul (wife of Menelikk II) chose the site of Addis Ababa for the capital. As the city grew Oromos were evicted from their land and forced onto the margins — socially, economically and politically: “time and again, Oromo farmers were removed from their land under the guise of development without adequate compensation.”[Geeska Africa]. Like tyrants everywhere, the paranoid EPRDF is hostile to all forms of dissent no matter the source; however they react with greater levels of brutality to dissenting voices in Oromia than perhaps anywhere else in the country, and “scores of Oromos are regularly arrested based on their actual or suspected opposition to the government.” [Amnesty International (AI)]
The proposed ‘master plan’ would substantially expand the boundaries of Addis Ababa into areas of Oromia surrounding the capital. “Protestors claim they merely wanted to raise questions about the plan — but were answered with violence and intimidation.” [BBC] They rightly feel smallholder farmers and other groups living on government land (all land in Ethiopia is government owned) would once again be threatened, leading to large scale evictions to make way for land leasing or land sales, as has happened elsewhere in the country. In addition many Oromos see the proposed expansion as a broader threat to their regional and cultural identity and say the scheme is “in violation of the Constitutionally-guaranteed protection of the ‘special interests’ of the Oromia state.” [AI] Constitutional guarantees that mean nothing to the members of the ruling party, or a politically controlled judiciary.
Killing, beating, intimidating
University campuses have formed the beating heart of the protest movement that has now spread throughout the region. On Tuesday 29th April around 25,000 people, “including residents of Ambo town in central Oromia, participated in a city wide demonstration, in the largest show of opposition to the government’s plans to date.” [Revolution News] Somewhat predictably, security forces, consisting of the federal police and military Special Forces known as the ‘Agazi’, have “responded by shooting at and beating peaceful protesters in Ambo, Nekemte, Jimma, and other towns with unconfirmed reports from witnesses of dozens of casualties.” [Human Rights Watch (HRW)] A witness told Amnesty International that on the third day of protest in Guder town, near Ambo, the security forces were waiting for the protesters and opened fire when they arrived. “She said five people were killed in front of her. A source in Robe town, the location of Madawalabu University, reported that 11 bodies had been seen in a hospital in the town. Another witness said they had seen five bodies in Ambo [80 miles west of Addis Ababa] hospital.”
Whilst the government says that “at least nine students have died” during the protests, “a witness told the BBC that 47 were killed by the security forces” — a misleading term for government thugs, who are killing, beating and intimidating innocent civilians: Amnesty reports that children as young as 11 years of age were among the dead. In addition to killing peaceful protesters, large numbers have been beaten up during and after protests, resulting in scores of injuries, and hundreds or “several thousands”, according to the main Oromia opposition party, the Oromo Federalist Congress (AFC), have been arbitrarily arrested and are being detained incommunicado. Given the regime’s history those imprisoned face a very real risk of torture.
In many cases the arrests took place after the protesters had dispersed. “Security forces have conducted house to house searches in many locations in the region, [looking] for students and others who may have been involved. New arrests continue to be reported,” [AI] and squads of government thugs are reportedly beating local residents in a crude attempt at intimidation. Amnesty reports the case of a father whose son was shot dead during a protest, being ‘severely beaten’ by security forces, who told the bereaved parent “he should have taught his son some discipline.”
The Oromia community has often been the target of government aggression, and recent events are reminiscent of January 2004, when several Oromia students at Addis Ababa University were shot and killed when protesting for the right to stage an Oromo cultural event on campus. Many more were wounded and 494 [Oromo Support Group (OSG)] were arrested and detained without charge or trial. HRW reported how “police ordered both male and female students to run and crawl barefoot, bare-kneed, and bare-armed over sharp gravel for three-and-half hours; they were also forced to carry each other over the gravel.” The Police, HRW goes on to say, “have repeatedly employed similar methods of torture and yet are rarely held accountable for their excesses.”
The recent level of extreme violence displayed by the State is not unusual and takes place throughout Ethiopia; what is new is the response of the people. Anger at the security forces criminality has fuelled further demonstrations in Oromo as friends and family of those murdered have added their voices to the growing protest movement. This righteous stand against government brutality and injustice is heartening for the country and should be supported with condemnation and pressure from international donors and the UN more broadly. Those arrested during protests must be immediately released and investigations into killings by security personnel instigated as a matter of utmost urgency.
Tools of control
The government’s heavy-handed reaction to the Oromo protests is but the latest example of the regime’s ruthless response to criticism of its policies. Political opposition parties, when tolerated at all have been totally marginalised, dissenting independent voices are quickly silenced and a general atmosphere of fear is all pervading. Despite freedom of expression being a constitutional right virtually all media outlets are either government owned or controlled; “blogs and Internet pages critical of the Ethiopian government are regularly blocked and independent radio stations, particularly those broadcasting in Amharic and Afan Oromo, are routinely jammed.” [HRW] The EPRDF has created “one of the most repressive media environments in the world.” Reinforcing this condition, “the government on April 25th and 26th arbitrarily arrested nine bloggers and journalists in Addis Ababa. They remain in detention without charge.” [Ibid] International human rights groups (whose activities have been severely restricted by the stifling Charities and Societies Proclamation of 2009) as well as foreign journalists are not welcome, and reporters “who have attempted to reach the current demonstrations have been turned away or detained,” [Ibid] making it difficult to confirm exact numbers of those killed by government security personnel.
The UN Human Rights Council recently reviewed Ethiopia’s human rights record under the Universal Periodic Review (UPR). Since the first review in 2009 the human rights condition has greatly deteriorated. The EPRDF rules the country through fear and intimidation, they have introduced ambiguous, universally condemned legislation to control and intimidate: the Charities and Societies Proclamation (CSO law) and the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation specifically. Laws of repression that together have made independent media and civil society completely ineffective. Freedom of assembly – another constitutional right – is not allowed, or as can be seen with the Oromo protests is dealt with in the harshest manner possible; the Internet and telecommunications are controlled and monitored by the government and phone records/recordings are easily obtained by security personnel. Arbitrary arrests and false Imprisonment of anyone criticizing the government is routine as is the use of torture on those incarcerated. In the Ogaden region the regime is committing gross human rights abuses constituting crimes against humanity and in Gambella and the Lower Omo Valley large numbers of indigenous people have been forcibly moved into government camps (Villagization Programme), as land is sold for pennies to international companies. In short, human rights are completely ignored by the Government in Ethiopia. As the people begin to come together and protest, international pressure should be applied on the regime to observe the rule of law and uphold the people’s fundamental human rights.
We are living in extraordinary times, times of opportunity and change, times of great hope. With elections due next year now is the time for the various ethnic groups and factions inside and outside Ethiopia to unite, and speaking with one voice demand their rights, to freedom and justice and to live with hope in their hearts.
HRLHA – Urgent Action
May 24, 2014
For Immediate Release
While kidnappings and/or extra-judicial arrests and detentions have continued particularly around academic institutions in different parts of the regional state of Oromia in Ethiopia, disturbing and worrisome reports are coming out of detention centres where the Oromo students arrested in the past two weeks are being held.
According to HRLHA correspondents in Nakamte, Wollega Province in western Oromia, there have been cases of tortures of varying levels as well as detainees being taken away in the middle of the night to unknown destinations for unknown reasons. Fifty (50) detainees, including thirteen females, were taken away at one time alone; and their whereabouts were not known. In relation to tortures, the reports indicate that some of the detainees are isolated from others and held in separate rooms handcuffed and legs tied together with their hands on the their backs. There were ten students subjected to this particular situation, among whom were Std. Tesfaye Tuffa (male) and Std. Bontu Hailu (female). Although not confirmed at this point, there were also eight students who were screened out in order to be transferred to a detention or investigation office at the federal level; and these include:
1. Chalaa Fekaduu Gashe (high school student),
2. Chalaa Fekaduu Raajoo (high school student),
3. Nimoonaa Kebede (Wollega University 5th year law student),
4. Moi Bon Misganuu (Wollega University, student),
5. Abdii Gaddisaa (high school student),
6. Abel Dagim (high school student),
7. Qalbessa Getachew (high school student),
8. Mulgeta Gemechu (high school student),
9. Edosa Namara Dheressa, Civil Engineering, Wallaga University
In the meantime, reports indicate that kidnappings and/or extra-judicial arrests and detentions have continued in different parts of the regional state of Oromia, particularly in Hararge/Haromaya, West Showa, and West Wollega, all in relation to the protests that have been going on in the Regional State of Oromia in opposition to the newly introduced master plan to expand the Capital City of Addis Ababa/Finfinne in all directions by displacing the local Oromo residents. The following are among the hundreds of the most recent cases of kidnappings, arrests and detentions:
1) Edosa Namara Deressa – Wollega University (Civil Engineering)
2) Walabuma Dabale -Adama University, West Showa,
3) Ebisa Dale -Adama University
4) Ganamo Kurke -Adama University
5) Liban Taressa – Adama University
6) Adam Godana -Adama University
7) Bodana (last name not obtained) – Adama University
Name of other detainees arrested May 15-17, 2014,
Partial Detainees in Wallagga, May 16, 2014
No Name Gender Occupation/Grade Place /Town
1 Robel Qanno M Worker Mandii
2 Gammachis Hambisaa M Employee Mandii,
3 Bokaa Hundeessaa M Mandii
4 Bacaa Kebede M Mandi
5 Fiqiru Wadajo M Businessman Mandi
6 Eyob Kumara M Businessman Mandi
7 Raji Abbaya M 10 Mandi
8 Dabaloo Tolosaa M 10 Mandi
9 Surra Chali M 12 Mandi
10 Ebisaa Saqqata 12 Mandi
1 Nimona Chali M Oromo language Haromaya
2 Magarsaa Baqqalaa M Oromo language Haromaya
3 Firayad M Teacher Haromaya
4 Girmaa M Haromaya
West Shawa, Ambo
1 Getachew Qajela M Ambo Town
2 Alemu Megerssa M 8 Ambo Town
3 Debisa Birru M – Ambo
4 Getacho Birruu M Previous Kaliti detainee Ambo
5 Tamire Chala M office worker Ambo
Arrested on May 16, 2014 Wallagga University
1 Abbabu Tafa M student Nekemt
2 Galata Kumerra M student Nekemt
3 Gammachuu Butuna M student Nekemt
4 Gammachuu Fikadu M student Nekemt
5 Getachew Fikadu M student Nekemt
6 Gutaaa Galana M student Nekemt
7 Lammessa Balay M student Nekemt
8 Mokonoon Abarra M student Nekemt
9 Mokonon Asaffaa M student Nekemt
10 Mul’isaa Tafarra M student Nekemt
11 Nazib Jibril M student Nekemt
12 Shimalis Chaffe M student Nekemt
13 Sofia Kadir M student Nekemt
Arrested on May 16, 2014, West Wallaga Gulisso District
1 Abdii Mokonon M 10th grade Gullisoo
2 Chalaa Raggasa M Bussinessman Ayiraa
3 Damee Daddafa M Bussinessman Ayiraa
4 Daawit Tola M Bussinessman Gullisoo
5 Dirriba Gaja’a M student Ayiraa
6 Dirriba Tasfa M 7th grade Gullisoo
7 Ebba Kaniiba M 8th grade Gullisoo
8 Efirem Qana’a M student Ayiraa
9 Fikadu Gari M Farmer Gullisoo
10 Gammachu Tasisa M Businessman Gullisoo
11 Gammaachuu Wakjira M Government employee Gullisoo
12 Getane Adaba M Farmer Ayiraa
13 Getacho Oljira M Farmer Ayiraa
14 Girma Mulatu M 10th grade Gullisoo
13 Hunduma Awetu M Teacher Ayiraa
16 Jifara Busuna M student Gullisoo
17 Lalisa Indale M 9th grade Gullisoo
18 Lijalem Immana M Adminstrator Gullisoo
19 Malaku Aaga M Teacher Ayiraa
20 Milkessa Samu’el M student Ayiraa
21 Mulatu Cawaqa M Farmer Gullisoo
22 Obsa Getane M 10th grade Gullisoo
23 Obsa Raggasa M 9th grade Gullisoo
24 Qabana Hika M Teacher Ayiraa
25 Qanani Daniel M 7th grade Gullisoo
26 Toleraa Wakuma M student Ayiraa
27 Wande Nagasa M Businessman Gullisoo
28 Yaaed Dheressa M Teacher Ayiraa
The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) is highly concerned about the life-threatening situations in the detention centres where those young Oromos were held, and the safety and wellbeing of those who were taken to unknown destinations. Therefore, HRLHA calls upon the Ethiopian Government to abide by all international human rights instruments that it has signed, and refrain from subjecting the young detainees to such harsh situations. It also calls upon all local, regional, and international human rights organizations including UN Human Rights Council, humanitarian, and diplomatic agencies to put pressure on the Ethiopian Government so that it
Unconditionally releases the Oromo students who were detained in the past two and three weeks simply because the attempted to exercise some of their fundamental rights in a peaceful and absolutely non-violent manner.
Stop killing, arresting and abducting Oromo nationals
To form an independent committee from civilians for investigation and Prosecution of the killing and torturing crimes.
Protesters in Finfinne Demand TPLF to Stop Killing, Evicting Oromos, and Grabbing Land
The protesters have demanded justice for the Oromo students and civilians slaughtered by the TPLF Ethiopian regime during the Oromia-wide #OromoProtests in April and May 2014 against the Addis Ababa Master Plan, which outlines the Addis Ababa City’s plans to annex land from the Federally and Constitutionally instituted Oromia in the name of “development,” thereby evicting millions of Oromo farmers and subjecting them to both genocide and ethnocide in their own land.
It’s to be remembered that OFC made similar calls on land-grabbing in Oromia back in April 2014.
Among the slogans chanted by the protesters at today’s rally in Finfinne include: “Stop eviction of farmers in the name of development,” “Stop the massacre,” “Bring culprits to justice,” “Free all political prisoners,” “Stop the land grab,” and “We need freedom of expression.”
Here are some photos from today’s #OromoProtests Medrek rally:
(Ob. Bulcha Demeksa, Gadaa Moji of OFC, on the March):
Hopefully the Dictators in Finfinnee aka Addis Abeba, and their servants, will have time to watch this video and understand its message!
WORLDWIDE PROTESTS ONGOING IN SUPPORT OF ETHIOPIA’S OROMO PEOPLE
Worldwide protests ongoing in support of Ethiopia’s Oromo people
May 23, 2014 · in Article
In Ethiopia, student-led protests related to a land dispute in the Oromia Region state are in their fourth week. The ethnic Tigrayan-led Ethiopian government has violently cracked down on peaceful protests, killing dozens of ethnic Oromo students and injuring or imprisoning hundreds more. The unrest prompted an unprecedented response from the Oromo diaspora and human rights organizations around the world.
Demonstrators have rallied in cities in Australia, the U.S, Europe, Egypt, Uganda and Israel, calling for their respective governments to condemn the violence and raising awareness about the human rights situation for the Oromos in Ethiopia. Rachael Bongiorno reports from one such rally in Melbourne, Australia.
On a crisp Friday morning, a sea of green, red and yellow Oromo flags lines the streets of Melbourne. The city’s Oromo community is demonstrating to draw attention to human rights abuses facing Oromos back in Ethiopia. The protesters halt trams and cars, chanting and handing out fresh roses with tags quoting Martin Luther King JR’s famous words “injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.”
The Oromo people are the largest indigenous ethnic Ethiopia but they’ve historically been marginalized and suffered discrimination by successive Ethiopian governments. Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have long documented widespread discrimination, violence, and arbitrary arrests against the Oromo people. One young girl, who asks not to be identified, explains why she’s come out to protest.
“I feel like I’m standing in solidarity with the Oromo people in Melbourne and many other cities around the world,” she says, adding “We want to tell the word that people are being killed for peacefully protesting for their constitutional rights, being killed for speaking up and standing for their rights.”
The Oromo students in Ethiopia are calling for full implementation of the country’s constitution, which includes un human rights principles as well as provisions for self-determination. These guarantees extend to both Oromia state and the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa. But while the capital is located in the state, it falls under the central government’s administration. And the government wants to expand its boundaries into Oromo lands.
Soreti Kadir is one the organizer’s of the on-going world-wide protests. She says, “We’re here today because the Ethiopian government has announced this plan that it’s going to be displacing up to 2 million Oromo people.” Kadir continues, “This means not only do the identities of these towns that are no longer going to exist because they will be dissolved which are predominantly Oromo. But Oromo people and farmers become displaced and don’t have a way to actually earn a proper income.”
The government’s planned expansion of Addis Ababa – known as the Master Plan – is just one of many such plans that have affected the Oromo region and forced the indigenous people from their lands. Under the Abyssinian colonial rule during the 20th Century, the Oromo language was banned and the Amharic culture was imposed. The ban was only lifted in 1991, as Toltu Tuffa explains. “This is not the first Master Plan, there have been a number of other ones, and this is the 10th installment of the master plan.”
“Even though there is recognition of Oromo provinces and regions, the fact that these areas will be transitioned away under the federal district of the Ethiopian government is essentially another form of re-colonisation,” says Tuffa, explaining the implications for language, culture, lifestyle and economic and social well being.”
According to the Minnesota Oromo Association, the Oromo diaspora has mobilized like never before. In a country where press freedom is in decline, social media has been a major tool to get information out. For 19-year-old organizer and blogger Soreti Kadir, the recent arrests of 3 journalists and 6 Oromo bloggers known as Zone 9 is just more evidence of the Ethiopian government’s suppressing dissent.
“It’s been people who are blogging, people who are using twitter, Instagram, Facebook who have really pioneered this entire movement,” says Kadir. “The Ethiopian bloggers have been arrested because the Ethiopian government’s major tactic in making sure these things don’t spread… is a suppression of freedom of speech.”
The Ethiopian Government argues the Master Plan will be a step forward for the Ethiopian people and the economy and dismisses the recent unrest, saying the protesters are being manipulated by the media inside and outside the country.
One of the largest protests in the diaspora was in Minnesota, which boasts an Oromo population of about 40,000 people.sen Hussien, Executive director of the Minnesota Oromo Association says the Ethiopian government often seeks to discredit protests in this way.
“Every time there is a protest in the country be it in the Oromia region or elsewhere in the country, the government points it’s fingers at external forces,” according to Hussien. He continues, “This has been the tradition of this regime since it came to power. Rather than looking at itself and wondering if its policies have anything to do with why people go on protests.”
Hussien says the situation is getting worse, with more crackdowns on the protests this week. “The last 5 days alone there are reports in one city there were 152 people who were wounded in the city of Najjo and also in Nekemte and another small town in Gori.,” he says, adding “And according to a report I received this morning in the town of Nekemte alone there are 600 students that are detained.”
The Australian Oromo community is planning another protest in Australia’s capital, Canberra when parliament resumes next week.
(Photo Credit: Rachael Bongiorno)
There is no difference between a Nigerian terrorist group taking innocent lives and TPLF soldiers! (Nemera Dinssa)
There is no difference between a Nigerian terrorist group taking innocent lives and TPLF soldiers!
One of the most common antiwar arguments is the fact that wars result in the deaths of innocent people. This objection accepts that a state may have a vested interest in pursuing attackers and even killing them, but points out that the justice involved with such actions is quickly offset when innocent lives are put at risk or even lost. This deontological position argued that genuine justice requires that we preserve the lives of the innocent terror is not a moral response to terror and killing innocent people is not a moral response to the deaths of innocent people.
Today The first news is about the recent terrorist attacks in Oromiyaa. Many oromo students and their famillys were killed while attending to protests the timing weyane TPLF master plane agenda in the city of all Oromiyaa. The attack was carried out by a TPLF outfit called AGAZI TOR. Apparently they’ve been raising a lot of hell in Oromiyaa for quite some time. This is a human tragedy. Take a moment to day a peace protesters for those who have died needlessly. If you’re not protest weyane TPLF, spend some time reflecting on what it means to be alive and how quickly and easily your life can be taken from you.
Any time violence is carried out against innocent Oromo peoples it must be condemned in the strongest terms possible. Those who callously take the lives of others, without remorse or feeling, are the greatest villains walking the earth today. Further, it only takes sniper strikes into consideration. Hundreds of thousands of Oromo civilians have died as a result of the master plan demonistiration. TPLF soldiers did not kill most of those inoocents, but they killed a lot. The TPLF government is responsible for perpetrating the war and must, therefore, be held responsible for killing many, many, completely innocent Oromo people. There is no difference between a Nigerian terrorist group taking innocent lives and TPLF soldiers taking innocent lives. Murder is murder. If you don’t have the courage to recognize that fact, you are a moral relativist. Your moral judgments are completely arbitrary. You may claim that we oromos are at war against terrorism.
The bloodthirsty Nigerians Muslims kill civilians because of a deranged ideology. Whereas TPLF soldiers kill oromo civilians to keep Tigrian citizens who support them safe in oromiyaa. This is the type of argument that moral relativism leads you to. When it comes to mowing down innocents in cold blood, moral relativism is unacceptable. If its wrong for a Muslim terrorist to do it, it is also wrong for the TPLF military to it. It is wrong for the ETHIOPIAN people to accept it. Anybody who willing lends financial or moral support to such actions has blood on their hands as well. The test of an individual’s fortitude is how they act in the face opposition. Do not whitewash the facts just because it makes the facts easier to swallow. Unless good people stand up and denounce evil, evil will continue to prevail that is TPLF.
There is no greater evil than taking an innocent life. Life is the one blessing that each and every one of us has been born with. Whether you are rich or poor, Jew or Genitle, Oromo, Amhara, Gurage, Tigre, Muslim or Christian, you get to wake up every morning, breath the earth’s air, and live. Life is the one possession that we all have. To take that from somebody for no good damn reason, is the greatest evil that there is. If you are willing to take a stand for peace, human liberty, and the progress of civilization, I salute you. Keep up the important work. If you’re unwilling to admit that killing innocent Oromo people is always wrong, I am implore you to reconsider.
Killing can never ever stop us, we will win!!!