Serving the Oromo Nation in Oromia and Diaspora

WCH 2015 Beijing – Mare Dibaba ETH Marathon Gold

WCH 2015 Beijing – Genzebe Dibaba ETH 1500m Final Gold

Almaz Ayana wins 5000m Women’s Final CR | IAAF World Athletics Championships BEIJING 2015

Marathon winner Mare Dibaba at the IAAF World Chamionships, Beijing 2015 (Getty Images)

Almaz Ayana leads the 5000m at the IAAF World Championships, Beijing 2015 (Getty Images)

ATHLETE DISCIPLINE MEDAL
Genzebe DIBABA W 1500 Metres  Gold
Mare DIBABA W Marathon  Gold
Almaz AYANA W 5000 Metres  Gold
Yemane TSEGAY M Marathon  Silver
Gelete BURKA W 10,000 Metres  Silver
Senbere TEFERI W 5000 Metres  Silver
Hagos GEBRHIWET M 5000 Metres  Bronze
Genzebe DIBABA W 5000 Metres  Bronze
PRESS RELEASE
JUNE 23, 2015

Amnesty International Asks Ethiopia to Investigate Suspicious Murders and Human Rights Violations

The suspicious murder of opposition leaders and wide-spread human rights violations against opposition party members over the past few weeks raises questions about Ethiopia’s elections, said Amnesty International as the parliamentary poll results were announced yesterday.

The organization has also expressed concerns about the failure of the Africa Union Elections Observer Mission (AUEOM) and the National Elections Board of Ethiopia (NEBE) to properly monitor and report on allegations of widespread abuses before, during and after the election.

“Amnesty International has received a number of reports concerning the deaths of political opposition figures in suspicious circumstances, as well as of a pattern of human rights violations against political opposition parties throughout the election period. These reports must be investigated and perpetrators brought to justice,” said Michelle Kagari, Amnesty International’s deputy regional director for Eastern, Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes.

“It is unacceptable that these violations barely warranted a mention in reports released by official observers, including the Africa Union Elections Observer Mission and the National Elections Board of Ethiopia.”

In the run-up to the elections, more than 500 members of the Ethiopian Federal Democratic Unity Forum (EFDUF)/ Medrek – a coalition of opposition parties, including the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC) were arrested at polling stations in Oromia region. Forty-six people were beaten and injured by security officers while six people sustained gunshot injuries and two were shot and killed. Gidila Chemeda of the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC/Medrek) was shot and killed by police in Western Shewa zone, Dima Kege Woreda, Gelam Gunge Kebele of the Oromia region.

On June 15, 2015, the body of 27-year-old Samuel Aweke, a candidate with the Samayawi (Blue) party was found in one of the main streets of Dembre-Markos at around 7 p.m. Blue party officials believe his murder was politically motivated. A few days before his murder, Aweke published an article in his political party’s newspaper Negere Ethiopia criticizing the behavior of local authorities, the police and other security officials. His political party claims he received threats from security officers after the article was published. Witnesses at the scene where his body was found said his body had visible stab wounds and appeared to have been beaten with a blunt object.

A member of the Arena/Medrek political opposition party reported that its leader for Western Tigrai zone, Tadesse Abraha, 48, was accosted while on his way home on June 16, 2015 by three unknown people who attempted to strangle him. Abraha managed to escape, but collapsed and died shortly after reaching his home. According to his political party, Abraha had reported being threatened by local security officials shortly before his death.

On June 19, 2015, another member of Medrek was found dead 24 hours after he was arrested at his home by two police officers. Berhanu Erabu’s battered body was found near a river in Hadiya Zone, Soro Woreda (district) of Southern Ethiopia.

Amnesty International has documented these killings and is now calling on the Ethiopian Ministry of Justice, Federal Police Commission and the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission to investigate these apparent targeted killings of opposition political party leaders and ensure those responsible are brought to justice

Background:

Amnesty International sent a letter with preliminary recommendations to the AUEOM on May 21, 2015.

Amnesty International expressed its concerns about the state of human rights in Ethiopia and the impact the human rights context was having on the ability of Ethiopians to participate in the electoral process. The organization urged the AUEOM to monitor and report on human rights violations throughout the election period in its assessment of the conduct of the elections.

The ruling political party, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) has been declared the winner of the election.

Source:

http://www.amnestyusa.org/news/press-releases/amnesty-international-asks-ethiopia-to-investigate-suspicious-murders-and-human-rights-violations

POLITICS & POWER-BROKERS

ION°1409 – 28/08/2015

Mekele vs Addis at TPLF convention

Internal dissension in the TPLF between Mekele and Addis Ababa factions has become a threat to party cohesion.

The 12th convention of the Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF, hard core of the ruling EPRDF coalition) opened in Mekele on 22 August with a trial of strength not seen since the internal crisis of 2001. The faction of its leaders based in Mekele running the Tigray Regional State headed by the party president, Abay Woldu, didn’t wear gloves in criticising the federal administration, based in Addis Ababa. The Mekele faction’s criticism is aimed at Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Telecommunications and party deputy chairman, Debretsion Gebremichael, the former mayor of Addis Ababa and special advisor to Prime Minister Hailemariam DesalegnArkebe Oqubay, and one of the movement’s founders, Sebhat Nega. They were each in turn blamed for their involvement in bad governance, corruption, the lack of concrete results in terms of development and the exodus of disheartened youth to Arab countries. To counter these criticisms, the opponents to the Mekele faction are relying on the businessman born in Adway (Tigray) and now based in the United Arab Emirates, Dawit Gebre Egziabher.

In mid-August, the latter used the web site Aigaforum that is close to the TPLF to reprimand the barriers imposed on investors in the Tigray Regional State and to paint a picture of the failures of such important sectors as the quality of education and access to water. In his view, these constraints are specific to the region and dissuaded him from investing in it. He has, on the other hand, invested in other parts of the country, becoming the owner of a small private air company, Gosh Air Transport, and a medical company, Medica pharma entreprises. He also owns a majority stake in the EthiopianRaya Brewery and is a partner in Boston Partners Plc jointly with the businessmanTadiwos Getacjew Belete.

Just Out Of Jail, Ethiopian Leader Brings A Sharp Message To Obama

Bekele Gerba visited Washington, D.C., to bring his concerns about Ethiopia to the State Department. The photo was taken when he came to NPR for a radio interview.

Mahafreen H. Mistry/NPR

Just a few months ago, Bekele Gerba was languishing in a high security Ethiopian jail, hearing the cries of fellow prisoners being beaten and tortured. Now, the 54-year-old foreign language professor is in Washington, D.C., for meetings at the State Department. His message: The Obama administration should pay more attention to the heavy-handed way its ally, Ethiopia, treats political opponents — and should help Ethiopians who are losing their ability to earn a living.

Gerba is a leader of the Oromo Federalist Congress, a political party that represents one of the country’s largest ethnic groups. With estimated numbers of about 30 million, the Oromo make up about a third of Ethiopia’s population.

In 2011, Gerba was arrested after meeting with Amnesty International researchers and sent to prison on what he calls trumped up terrorism charges, often used in Ethiopia against political dissidents. In court he made remarks that have been widely circulated in Ethiopia and beyond: “I am honored to learn that my non-violent struggles and humble sacrifices for the democratic and human rights of the Oromo people, to whom I was born without a wish on my part but due to the will of the Almighty, have been considered a crime and to be unjustly convicted.”

Gerba was released from jail this spring in advance of President Obama’s July visit to Ethiopia. A soft spoken man, who seemed exhausted by his prison ordeal and his numerous appearances at U.S. universities and think tanks, Gerba tells NPR that Obama’s trip sent all the wrong messages.

“He [Obama] shouldn’t have shown any solidarity with that kind of government, which is repressive, very much authoritarian and very much disliked by its own people,” Gerba says.

Since Ethiopia’s ruling party and its allies control all of parliament, his party doesn’t have a voice, he says. What’s more, he says, his people are being pushed off their land by international investors.

“The greatest land grabbers are now the Indians and Chinese …. there are Saudi Arabians as well,” he says, adding that many families are being evicted and losing their livelihoods.

Gerba says those who do get jobs are paid a dollar a day, which he describes as a form of slavery. He is urging the U.S. to use its aid to Ethiopia as leverage to push the government to give workers more rights and allow people to form labor unions.

Gerba’s case has been featured in the State Department’s annual human rights reports. He describes himself as a Christian who believes in non-violence and says he spent his four years in prison pouring over the sermons and speeches of Martin Luther King and translating them into the Oromo language for a book that he hopes to see published. The title: “I Had A Dream.”

Bekele Gerba is not sure what he will face when he returns home from the U.S. When he was jailed, his wife, a high school teacher, lost her job. His family has struggled financially and psychologically.

“Nobody is actually sure in Ethiopia what will happen to him anytime,” he says. “Anytime, people can be arrested, harassed or killed or disappeared.”

Still, he plans to return home next week. He’s expected to return to his job at the Foreign Languages Department at Addis Ababa University.

(Oromedia, 27 Hagayya 2015) Addi Bilisa Baasaa Ummta Tigraay (ABUT) Obbo Abbaay Tsaayyee dabakate namoota 7 miseesumma koree jiddu galeessaa keessaa kabajaan gaggeesseera.

Akkaatuma kanaan:-

AbayTsehaye2015_Gone.jpg

1. Obbo Abbaay Tshaayyee
2. Obbo Teewoodiroos Hagoos
3. Obbo Abbaadii Zammuu
4. Obbo Tsagaayee Barihee
5. Aadde Roomaan Gabrasilaasee
6. Obbo Tawalda Barheefii
7. Obbo Taklawayin Asaffaa miseensummaa koree jiddu galeessa keessaa kabajaan gaggeeffamaniiru.

Addichi murtee kana kan dabarse oolmaasaa guyyaa shanaffaatiin akka ta’e beekameera.

Addichi yeroo eegalutti, miseensota koree gidduu duraan gaggeeffaman 17 deebisuun akka filanii fi filaman aangomsee jira.

Yaa’ichi filannoo miseensoota koree jiddu galeessaa adeemsisuun xumurama jedhamee eegamaa jira.

Sochiin Demookraasummaa Saba Amaaraas Obbo Addisuu Laggasafi Obbo Yooseef Rattaa miseensummaa koree jiddu galeessaa keessaa kabajaan gaggeessuun isaa kan yaadatamu.

OroMedia.net

http://apr.org/post/ethiopian-prisoner-urges-us-put-pressure-his-country-over-human-rights

Muktaar Kadir dura taa’aa Dh.D.U.O ta’uun filatame

(Oromedia, 26 Hagayya 2015) Yaa’iin OPDO-DhDUO Adaamaatti gaggeeffamaa ture, dura taa’aafi dura teessuu ittaantuu dhaabbatichaa filachuun har’a xumurame.

Obbo Muktaar Kadir dura ta
Ob Muktaar Kadir

Gabaasaan keenya Adaamaa irraa akka beeksisetti, yaa’ichi obbo Muktaar Kadir dura taa’aa dhaabbatichaa gochuun yeroo lammataaf filatee jira;  Addee Asteer Maammoo immoo dura teessuu ittaantuu dhaabatichaa gochuun filateera.

Yaa’ichi miseesoota koree hojii raawwachiiftuu lakkoofsaan 81 ga’anis filateera.

Isaan keessaa immoo miseesnoota koree jiddu galeessaa 15  eeramanii ture. Isaanis:

1.Obbo Muktaar Kadir,

2.Addee Asteer Maammoo,

3.Obbo Dhaabaa Dabalee.

4.Obbo Warqinah Gabayyoo,

5.Obbo Abdulaaziiz Mahaammad,

6.Obbo Dirribaa Kumaa

…..

Gabaasa guutuu dubbisuuf as tuqi: http://oromedia.net/2015/08/26/muktaar-kadir-dura-taaaa-dh-d-u-o-tauun-filatame/

Muluu Baqqalaa: Daguttin Midhame

Kora Gamtaa Miseensotaaf Deggartoota ABO Kaaba Noorweyii Kan bara 2015

Nuti miseensoniif deegartoota ABO kan kaaba Norweyyiitti argamnu wal-gayii gaafaa guyyaa 22-08- 2015 gaaggeefanne irratti marii balla’aa waa’ee sochii biyyaa keessaa qeerroo fi WBOn gochaa jiru walumaagalatti haala yeroo irratti erga mari’anee booda ibsa ejjenno armaan gadii dabarfanneerra:

  1. Waraana bilisummaa Oromoo yeroo amma kana kan yeroo kamiyyuu caala tarkaanfii boonsaa diina Oromoo irratti fudhachaa jiru baay’ee kan itti gammannu fi gara fuula duraattis akka cimsee itti fuufu gargaarsa barbaachisaa ta’een akka cinaa dhaabannu nimirkaneessina. 2. Addi Bilisummaa Oromoo kallachaa bilisummaa ummaata Oromoo ta’uu hubannee gargaarsa nurra eegamu maraan bira dhaabachuuf waada keenyaa ni haromfannaa.
  2. Qeerrooniif baratoonni oromoo biyyaa keessa hawwii bilisummaaf isaan qaban abdachiisa waan ta’eef karaa barbaachisaa ta’ee hundaan bira ni dhaabana ni deeggaraas.
  3. Tumsaa ABOf gochaa tureef itti jiru gara fuula duraatti kan yeroo kamiyyuu caala daraan ciimsinee itti fufnu ta’uu waada keenya ni haarofanani mirkaneesinas.
  4. Kallachi qabsoo bilisumma oromoo kan tahee ABO qofa ta’uu hubannee itti amanna waan ta’eef warreen nuti ABOdha jechuun maqaa ofitti moggaassuun ergama diina fi dandaata yeroodhaaf bitamanii qabsoo bilisummaa oromoo laamshesuuf yaalani akka irra of qusatanniif waan darbee irraa hubachuun gara QBO itti akka deebi’aniifi dantaa ummataa isaani akka dursaan ciminaan ni hubachiifnaan.
  5. Torbaan “Diaspora” jechuun waltajjii wayyaaneen gantootaf qopheesite keessatti kanneen hirmaatan ummata oromoo biyya hambaa jiraatan akka bakka hin buune ummaanni oromoo biyya keessa jiraatu akka nuuf huuf huubatu cimsinee ni beeksifna.

Gabaasa guutuu dubbisuuf as tuqaa banadhaa>>>> Kora Gamtaa Miseensotaaf Deeggartoota ABO Kaaba Noorweyii

UN says 4.5 million Ethiopians now in need of food aid after poor rains

Estimates of those requiring help have surged by 1.5m, and donors must urgently provide an extra $230m to meet their needs, say UN agencies

An Ethiopian man tries to save a calf affected by the drought. Ethiopia is one of Africa’s fastest-growing economies, but failed rains have had devastating consequences for food supplies.
An Ethiopian man tries to save a calf affected by the drought. Failed rains in the country have had devastating consequences for food supplies. Photograph: Sammy Seifu/Unocha

The number of Ethiopians who will need food aid by the end of this year has surged by more than 1.5 million from earlier estimates, according to United Nations agencies. After failed rains, some 4.5m people are now projected to require assistance, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs(Ocha) , the World Food Programme and the UN children’s agency, Unicef, said.

This is an increase of 55% on initial projections of 2.9 million, and means donors must urgently provide an extra $230m to meet these needs.

Gillian Mellsop, Unicef representative and acting humanitarian coordinator, said donors had been generous but more was needed to prevent unnecessary human suffering. “The situation facing us today marks a significant change in our plans, requiring the scaling up of assistance, now,” she said.

“The belg rains were much worse than the National Meteorology Agency predicted at the beginning of the year. Food insecurity increased and malnutrition rose as a result,” said David Del Conte, Ocha’s acting head of office in Ethiopia, referring to the short rainy season that stretches from February to April.

Areas normally producing surplus food in the central Oromia region were also affected by shortages, and lack of water has affected livestock there and in other pastoralist areas, the agencies said.

In its August report on Ethiopia, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network(Fewsnet), said unusual livestock deaths and unseasonal migration were continuing and livestock prices and demand had fallen sharply. There was very little rain during the first three weeks of July, and the June-to-September rainfall was well below average in most eastern, central and southern crop-producing areas.

Dry conditions would be exacerbated by the start of the dry season in September and October, it added. “With continued high cereal prices, low livestock prices, and no expected increase in other income sources, poor households will be unable to purchase sufficient quantities of food and [will] have food consumption gaps. Acute malnutrition prevalence is likely to increase,” Fewsnet said.

Meteorologists have also warned that the El Niño weather phenomenon, marked by a warming of sea-surface temperatures in the Pacific Ocean, is now well established and continues to strengthen. Models indicate that sea-surface temperature anomalies in the central Pacific Ocean are set to climb to their highest in 19 years. El Niño can lead to scorching weather across Asia and east Africa, and heavy rains and floods in South America.

The UN cautioned that the anomaly could further affect Ethiopia’s kiremt rains, which stretch from June to September.

“A failed belg followed by a poor kiremt season means that challenges could continue into next year,” said John Aylieff, WFP’s Ethiopia representative.

Ethiopia is heavily dependent on agriculture, which accounts for almost half of its gross domestic product. Around three-quarters of its population are farmers, with many involved in subsistence farming, rain-fed farming or livestock production.

While the poverty rate fell from 39% to 26% between 2005 and 2013, nearly 20 million people live below the UN poverty threshold of $1.25 (£0.80) a day. The economy is expected to grow by 9.5% in the fiscal year to June, according to theWorld Bank, rising to 10.5% in 2015-16.

Ethiopia: 4.5m need food aid

Reuters | 25 August, 2015

Ethiopia needs an extra $230-million from donors to secure aid for a total of 4.5 million people now projected to require assistance this year. File photo
Image by: PASCAL ROSSIGNOL / REUTERS

The number of Ethiopians who will need food aid by the end of this year has surged by more than 1.5 million from earlier estimates due to failed rains, the United Nations said.

“The belg rains were much worse than … predicted at the beginning of the year. Food insecurity increased and malnutrition rose as a result,” said David Del Conte, the humanitarian agency’s acting head of office in Ethiopia, referring to the short, seasonal rainy season from February to April.

War on Terror? US proxies Ethiopia and Rwanda terrorize their own people

August 23, 2015

by Ann Garrison

KPFA Weekend News broadcast Aug. 22, 2015

Source

Washington D.C.-based Ethiopian activist Obang Metho says that Ethiopian and Rwandan dictators have been allowed to terrorize their own people because they provide troops for the U.S. War on Terror. Metho is a founder of the Soldarity Movement for a New Ethiopia.

The Solidarity Movement for a New Ethiopia puts humanity before ethnicity and says that no Ethiopians will be free until all are free.

KPFA Weekend News Anchor Sharon Sobotta: Two hundred delegates from African governments and institutions met in Kigali, Rwanda, yesterday for a symposium on “democratization and development.” The symposium was organized by the Meles Zenawi Foundation and the African Development Bank.

Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi’s successor, Hailemariam Desalegn, joined Rwandan President Paul Kagame in Kigali, where both spoke of the primacy of state power and African agency in development. Washington D.C.-based Ethiopian activist Obang Metho spoke to KPFA’s Ann Garrison about what was wrong with this picture.

Obang Metho: Thank you very much for giving me this opportunity. The whole picture is wrong. The whole picture is wrong being that Paul Kagame and then the former prime minister of Ethiopia, Meles Zenawi, these two gentlemen – we cannot talk about them and say that they can bring any new things to Africa.

Why? Because these are two men who came to power, not by the ballot, by the bullet. And if you look at it, these are people also who’ve been in power for long. Meles, he died in power. So the whole thing is wrong with the picture.

These are two men who came to power, not by the ballot, by the bullet.

Like they were talking about development democracy. Where is the democracy? Ethiopia is a country that, in just the election they had in May this year, the government won by 100 percent.

KPFA/Ann Garrison: I remember that. They won every single seat in Parliament. Now, are you saying that both these governments are minority dictatorships: Rwanda, dictatorship by the 14 percent Tutsi minority and Ethiopian dictatorship by the 6 percent Tigrean minority?

OM: Yes, yes, in Ethiopia the 6 percent is the Tigrean ethnic group.

KPFA: It seems that the United States military partnerships with Rwanda and Ethiopia, based on Rwanda and Ethiopia’s willingness to cooperate with American forces, insulates both regimes against criticism from the West.

Obang Metho, center, testifies at the U.S. House Foreign Relations Subcommittee hearing – Ethiopia After Meles: The Future of Democracy and Human Rights – on June 20, 2013.

OM: Correct. Correct. Yeah, because if you look at it now, Obama went to Ethiopia last month. When he was in Ethiopia, the speech he gave was that Ethiopia had the top soldiers. He went there for a specific reason. He said Ehtiopia had the top soldiers.

So, in other words, instead of sending the Marines over to die in Somalie to fight Al-Shabab or to fight these which they call the terrorists, actually they send the Ethiopians there, pretty much like a contract. So, in the name of security, the Ethiopians work for the West for what they call War on Terror, but these people are actually known for terrorizing their own peoples.

So for that, the Ethiopian government, the ruling ethnic apartheid regime in Ethiopia that terrorizes their own people, they are not being criticized because they are the darling of the West. They’re pretty much that from Bush till Obama. Anything that the West will ask of them, they will do that.

In the name of security, the Ethiopians work for the West for what they call War on Terror, but these people are actually known for terrorizing their own peoples.

And the hypocrisy, what Obama did when he went there! He called the Ethiopian government a democratically elected government. There’s no way – 100 percent – you know a group can’t win an election by 100 percent. There’s no way they can be democratic.

And then Obama called Burundi, the election there, illegitimate or not credible. Which one is that? The one that claims to win by 67 percent, or the one that claims to win 100 percent?

So my point is the Ethiopians, because of the so-called War on Terror, the regime has not been criticized in the West, not even by the media.

But in the long run, this thing will explode. So this kind of thing, where you side with a dictator and exclude the people, that will sooner or later haunt. If violence erupts in Ethiopia, and Ethiopians kill each other, that will be the legacy of Obama. There’s no doubt about it, because he’s the one who has supported this group that has isolated itself from Ethiopians.

So this kind of thing, where you side with a dictator and exclude the people, that will sooner or later haunt.

KPFA: That was Washington D.C.-based Ethiopian activist Obang Metho.

For Pacifica, KPFA and AfrobeatRadio, I’m Ann Garrison.

Eeba Kitaaba Afaan Oromoo “AARSAA” fi Marii gudina Og-Barruu Afaan Oromoo iratti taasifame.

WAAMICHA QOPHII AYYAANA IRREECHAA MALKAA KAN BARA 2015 BIYYA JARMANII KEESSATTI QOPHAAYEE: KOREE QINDEESITU AYYAANA IRREECHAA IRRA ILMAAN OROMOO ARDII AWUROOPAA KEESSA JIRAATAN MARAAF – FRANKFURT AM MAIN, GERMANY (GUYYA GAAFA FULBAANA (SEPTEMBER) 19, 2015)

OCAE2015

OCAE_Irreecha 2015_22.08.2015 (Waamicha guutuu dubbisuuf .pdf kana banadhu!)

Jaallatammoo fi Kabajamoo Ilmaan Oromoo Ardii Awuroopaa keessa jirattan hundaaf, duran dursee Waldaan Hawaasa Oromoo Awuroopaa (WHOA)/ Oromo Community Association in Europe (OCAE) e.V (Inc.) Oromoota hundaan (obboleewwan keenya dhiira fi dubartiin) bag nagaan booqa (ifa) birraatiin isin gahe jechudaan hawwii gaarii ummata Oromoof qabu mirkaneesa.

Ayaanni irreechaa jila (festival) waga/bara haaraatti cee‘uumsaatti. Oromoota fi firootan ummata Oromoo ardii Awuroopaa keessa jirtanii maraan ayyaana ummata Oromoo biyyoolessaa kana irratti argamtanii akka nu waliin/wajjiin guyyaa gaafa Fulbaana (September) 19, 2015 kabajjan kabajaa fi ulfinaan isin afeerra.

Ayyaanni Irreecha ummata Oromoo biratti ayyaana guddaa fi kabajamaa sadarkaa biyyoolessaa ta’uun isaa nama hin gaafachiisu. Waan hunda caalaa ammoo ayyaanni kun yeroo ammaa kana kan ittiin ummani Oromoo addunyaatti beekamuu fi meeshaa guddaa ittiin haala Oromoo bifa waliigalaan/tumsan addunyaatti ibsu ta’eera.

Waa’een kabajaa ayyaana irreechaa (Ayyaana Birraa) biyyoolessaa kun ammallee oromoota hedduu biratti ilaalcha gaarii qabaachaa waan hin jirreef osoo/otoo beektonni (hayyoota) keenya gadifageenyaan irratti hojjetanii gaarii taha. Namoonni baay’een akkuma warri habashaa jettu sana amantii dhaan walitti hidhuu fedhu. Akka naaf galutti garuu irreechi aadaa fi duudhaa calaqqisiisa malee amantii waliin hedduu hidhata hinqabu natti fakkaata. Anaaf garuu ayyaana irreechaa, waan aadaa koo balaaleffadhee/tuffadhee jannata galuu irra eenyummaa kootti boonee akka Rabbi/Waaqn Gurrachi na godhe tahuun filadha.

Ayyaanni Irreecha, guyya ummani Oromoo malkaatti ykn tulluuti bahee Waaqa isa uume, waan hojetee argateef kan galateeffatuu fi waan fuula dura (fuuldura) jiruu fi jireenya isaaf hawwuu/barbaadu itti kadhatudha. Ayyaanni Irreecha Mallattoo Oromummaa, Eenyummaa, Tokkummaa, Aadaa fi Duudhaa Saba Oromooti. Kanuma mirkaneessuuf ummani Oromoo ayyaana Irreecha waggaa waggaan bahaa fi dhihaa, kaabaa fi kibbaa walitti bahee osoo/otoo amantiin, siyaasaa fi kutaan/naannoon walhinqoodiin tokkummaadhan ayyaana Irreecha kabajaataa jira.

Ayyanni Irreecha Hora Arsadiitti qindoominaa fi hirmaannaa ummata Oromoo bal’aan kabajamuu kan eegale bara 1997 irraa kaaseetu. Bara 1997 keessa koreen tokko maqaa “Guddina fi Dagaagina Aadaa Oromoo (GDAO)” jedhuun Waldaa Maccaa-Tuulamaa (WMT) jalatti ijaaramtee ayyaana Irreechaa Hora Arsadii bukeetti gegeeffamu kana Ummata beeksisu, barsiisuu fi qindoominaan guyyaa ayyaana kanaa bakka sanatti argamuun qalbii namaa harkisuu jalqabani. Ayyaanni Irreecha Bischooftuu, kan Hora Arsadiitti kabajamu bbal’chuun yeroo gara garaatti Biyya Oromoo keessatti
bakka adda addaatti kabajamuun aka ayyaana biyyoolessaa biyya Oromootti fudhatamaa jira. Kana malees biyyoota alaa/ambaa naannoo lammiin Ummata Oromoo heddumminaan qubatee jiruttis ayyaanni Irreechaa haala ho’aan kabajamuu erga eegalee bubbulee/turee jira. Ayyaanni Irreecha daran akka guddatuu fi babal’atu Waldaan Hawaasa Oromoo Awuroopaa (WHOA)/ Oromo Community Association in Europe (OCAE) e.V. hubannoo gahaa qaba.

Ayyaanni Irreecha kan bara 2015 biyya Jarmaniitti kutaa Magaalaa Frankfurt am Main “Bockenheim” (im Stadtteil Bockenheim) jedhamu keessatti kabajamuuf qophiin Koree Qindeessituu Ayyaana Irreechaa xumuramee jira. Kanaaf lammiin ummata Oromoo ardii Awuroopaa keessa jirataan maraan ayyaana biyyooleessaa kan bara 2015 irratti argamtannii waliin akka kabajnu ulfinna guddaan isin afeerra.

Ayyaanni Irreecha kan bara 2015 Fulbaana (September) 19, 2015, guyyaa Sambata duraa/xiqqaa (Saturday), sa’a 12:30 WB (PM) irra eegalee hanga (hama) sa’attii 15:30 WB (PM) ti paarkii “Rebstockpark” jedhamu keessatti cinaa (bukkee) haroo (Weihler im Rebstockpark = Pond in Rebstockpark) Rebstockpaarkii keessa jirutti kabajamuuf qophaahee jira.
Sa’aatti/ Time 12:30 WB (PM) ‐ 15:30 WB (PM)
Bakka (iddoo)/ Place:
Paarkii “Rebstockpark” jedhamu keessatti (im Rebstockpark), cinaa (bukkee) haroo (Weiher im Rebstockpark = Pond in Rebstockpark) Rebstockpaarkii keessa Jirutti
Daandi (kara)/ Street: Am Römerhof, Max‐Pruss‐Straße
Geejiba/ Transport: Baabura (tram) lakoofsa 17 (Straßenbahnlinie 17 vom Hauptbahnhof
Frankfurt am Main bis zur Endehaltestelle „Rebstockbad“)

Ayyaana waggaa ayyaantutu argaa!
Koottaa waliin irreeffanna!
Waaqa Gurracha nu uume galateeffachuun ni irreeffanna!
Aadaa keenya ni dagaagsina!
Ayyaanni Irreechaa irree ummata Oromooti!
Ayyaanni Irreecha mallattoo oromummaa, eenyummaa, tokkummaa, aadaa fi duudhaa ummata Oromooti!
Frankfurt am Main, den 23. August 2015
(Frankfurt am Main, Fulbaana (September) 23, 2015)
Federal Republic of Germany (FRG)
Koree Qindeessituu Ayyaana Irreechaa bara 2015

image

http://oromedia.net/2015/08/18/hidhamtooti-siyaasaa-oromoo-shan-gadhiifaman/

Oromo TV: Breaking News

Oromo TV: Breaking News

Sen. Franken to Travel to Africa to Explore Bipartisan Economic Development Opportunities Will Also Meet with Somali Refugees on Humanitarian Issues, Discuss Plight of Oromo People.

Jamaal Huseen: Imimmaan Harcaasee

Masfin Caalaa: “Hamarttittiikoo”

MANDAROOTA FI MAGAALAAWWAN OROMIYAA – OROMIAN TOWNS AND CITIES: Kutaa Saddeettaffaa

Taammanaa Bitimaa irraa
DURADUBBII
Dubbiftoota barreeffa kanaa jaalatamoo fi kabajamoo, baga nagaa fi nageenyaan naaf turtanii kutaa saddeettaffaa kana duukaa-buu’uuf dhuftani! Akkuma isin amma gara mandhee tanaa dhuftan mee nagaa fi nageenyi, bilisummaa fi walabummaan Oromiyaa teenyaaf haa dhufu!*
Kunoo, erga Salaale irraa gara dira (“metropolis“) Finfinnee-tti deebinee bubbullee jirra. Akkuman bilbiltoo-dhaan (telefoonaan) isinitti hime san Kotobee, karra Kolleejii Barsiisotaa fuulduratti wal-geenyeen jirra. Amma wajjumaan gara magaalaa Shanootti qajeella! Magaalaan Shanoo inni amma nuti dhaquuf deemnu kun magaalaa Shanoo isa naannoo Abbichuu Galaanitti argamu malee, isa naannoo Meettaa Roobiitt argamuu akka hin taane, ni beektu. Waan hundaafuu mee dubbii wayii bakkuma amma jirru irraa haa jalqabnuu: “Kotobee”  jechuun Afaan Oromootiin maal jechuu akka tahe yaadattuu-laa? “Kotobee“-n jecha “kotoba” jedhamu irraayyi madde. “Kotoba” jechuun “biyyee diimaa” jechuu dha. “Kotobee” jechuun immoo “lafa biyyee diimaa” isa jedhu kan ibsu.
Kunoo, otuma kana walitti himaa deemnuu magaalaa Shaggar irraa bayaa jirra. Amma Kaarra Halloo geenyee jirra. Karaa kanaan daangaan magaalmataa (“capital city“) Oromiyaa, jechuun kan Finfinnee, Kaara Halloo kana. “Kaarra” jechuun lafa diriiraa tulluuwwan yookaan gaarran lama jidduutti argamu. Isa Afaan Ingiliziitiin “mountain pass” jedhamu sani. Kaarra Halloo irraa gara fuula Bishooftuu-tiin gaara guddicha Erer agartu. Gara fuula Salaaletiin immoo gooroo (“mountain range“) Eekkaa agartu. Kunoo, amma randa Kaarra Halloo gadi-bu’uun mandara Laga Xaafoo (1) isa laga “Xaafoo” jedhamu irratti hundeeffame geenyeerra. Magaalattiin ishiin nu fuunduraan muldhattu tun immoo Laga Daadhii (2) jedhamti. Karaa isa as irraa gara fuula bahaatti qajeelu kanatu, hiida (“damm“) Laga Daadhii isa Shaggar guutuu dheebuu baasaa jiruu nama geessa. Lagni Xaafoo Laga Daadhiitti yaa’a. Lagni Daadhii kun immoo laga Qabbanaatti, lagni Qabbanaa laga Awaashitti yaa’a. Yoo kan feetan taye gara hiida Laga Daadhiitti gorree, daadhii keessayyuu isa booka kan hamma Shanootti dhugaa deemnu gomboo keenyatti waraabbachuu dandeenya!
QAAMADUBBII
Kunoo otoodhuma biyya abbaa keenyaa bareedaa kana daawwachaa deemnu, Finfinnee irraa wantee (kiilomeetira) 30 fagaachuun magaalaa Sandaafa-a (3) dhaqqabnee jirra. Magaalaan kun bara Hayila-Sillaasee waan Kolleejiin Foolisii asitti ijaarameef, kanaan beekamaa dhufe. Hardha immoo basaaftota warra Wayyaanee isaan gandeen Oromiyaa mara labanii galuun uummata keenya basaasantu asitti leenjifamee baya. Keettoowwan warra Habashaa kun isaan duriis tahee isaan ammaa summii Oromummaa ti. Isaantu Oromummaa keenya summeessaa Toopphiyummaa warra Habashaa nutti biifa jechaa dha. Oromoo Tuulamaa keessaa gosni naannoo kana jiru, Eekkaa kan jedhamu. Dur Eekkaan laga Qabbanaa isa Shaggar keessaa irraa ka’uun as dhaqqabaayyu. Uummata Oromoo Eekkaa isa Shaggar keessaa warri abbaa-buqqisaa akkuma Oromoota Gullallee waan buqqisaniif, inni amma Kaarra Halloo irraa ka’uun, Laga Xaafoo, Lagaa Daadhii fi Sandaafa irraan qaariyuun hamma magaalaa Bakkee faatti jira. Egaa, nafxanyyooni Habashaa: Aannoleetti, Calanqootti, Darraa fi Gullallee faatti uummata Oromoo hamma dandayaan fixanillee, Oromoon: Arsiis, Afran Qalloos, Darraanis, Eekkaanis, Gullalleen faas mararfannoo Waaqatiin hafanii hardhas numa jiru. Garuu, Oromoonni Gullallee, Eekkaa fi Galaan faa isaan mararfannoo Waaqatiin lafarraa-duguuggaa Minilik naazichaa irraa hafan, amma waraana warra Wayyaanee-tiin gaadamanii buqqifamaa jiru. Eekaa, seenaan Oromoo inni imimmaanii fi dhiiga uummata Oromootiin faalamaa waggaalee 140 keessa kutee as gaye kun, kunoo ammas ijjeen teenya fi ijjeen Dhaloota Qubee duratti ittuma fufee jira. Kan itti-fufiinsi kun dhaabatu irree saba Oromoo waltahuun akka sibiilaatti jabaatee, harqoota gabrummaa ofirraa darbatee caccabsuun qofa!
Magaalaan amma seenaa jirru kun Bakkee (4) kan jedhamuu fi kan wiirtuu Finfinnee, Birbirsa (“Piyaassaa“) irraa wantee 45 fagaatee argamu. Waan “oduun” Oromiyaa fi Oromummaa kun nu daddhabsiiseef, mee gorree haara haa galfannu! Naannoo kun biyya lagni isaayyuu “dhaadhii” jedhamuu, mee isa haa ajajannu! Sa’aa tokkoo fi walakkaa booda akka asii ka’uun nu irra jiru, mee ammuman gurra isin buusa.
Daadhiin Bakkee kan naannoo biyya Laga daadhii kun akkam ture-ree? Kunoo amma magaalaa Bakkee kana irraa gara wantee 10 gara fuula Wallootti deemuun daangaa Oromoo Eekkaa fi Oromoo Abbichuu, isa karaa kanaan Abbichuu Galaan jedhamuu dhaqqabneeti jirra. Magaalattiin xiqqashoo amma seenaa jirru tun Addallaa(5) jedhamti. Ilaa, ufrufni sonaan baldhaan ijji namaa ilaalee fixuu hin dandeenye kun Sagalee jedhama. Urufni Sagalee kun karaa fuula Salaaletiin naannoo Oromoo Jiddaatiin daangeffama. Naannoo kanatti gosolii Oromoo kanneen qaama Oromoo Tuulamaa tahan daran beekamoo: Galaan, Jidda, Abbichuu fi Jirruu-tu jiru. Seenaa Oromoo fi seenaa Toopphiyaa keessatti waayee Duula Sagalee jedhamuu ni yaadattu. Urufa sagalee amma akka ennaa sanaa sangaa fardaa Oromootinii mitii, konkolaataa Faranjiitiin keessa gulufaa jirtan kana irratti kan Duulli Sagalee sun adeemsifame. Waraanni kun waraana Oromoota Walloo fi Habashoota jidduutti adeemsifame ture. “Mee massaa ka’umsa waraana kanaa nutti himi“, jechuun keessan waan hin oolleef kanaa gaditti gabaabinaan isinii dhiyeeffama.
Waraanni Oromoo Walloo ollachiisaan, inni bara dheeraa waraana Habashaa ofirraa deebisaa ture sun, humna qawwee Faranjiitiin bara 1873 keessa Minilikiin moyame. Oromoota Walloo kanneen oggaa san Muslimoota yookaan Waaqeffatoota turan, afaan qawwee itti-qabamuun Kiristinnaa kaafamani. Abbootii biyyaa isaanii keessaa tokko kan ture Amir Mohaamadi. Dirqiin cuubamee maqaan Kiristinaa kan “Mikaa’el” jedhamu itti-maxxanfame. Giddiidhaan akka intala Minilik fuudhu taasifame. Fuudhaa fi heeruma akkanaa irraayyi Iyyaasuun, inni jaalala uummataatiin “Abbaa Xeenaa” jedhamu dhalate. Minilik kun waan ilma biraa hin qabneef, Iyyaasuun akka isa dhaalee mootomuuf dhaamsa-du’aa barreessisee, qondaaltota isaa kakaachisee du’e. Iyaasuun nam-jaalataa fi kan nama sanyii fi amantiin addaan hin qoonne waan taheef, haala Toopphiyaa ijaan argee, gurraan dhagyee qalbeeffachuuf Oromiyaa fi biyyoota Kibbaa keessa hedduu deddeeme. Hacuuccaa fi roorroo nafxanyoonni Habashaa fi mootummaan isaanii uummatoota Oromoo, Walaayitaa, Kafichoo, Hadiyyaa, Sidaamaa fi Somaalee faa irratti adeemsisan daran qalbeeffate. Fakkeenyaaf yommuu Harargee daawwate, magaalaa Dirree Dhawaatti qondaaltota mootummaa Toopphiyaa kanneen ennaa sana dhibbaa-dhibbatti Habashoota turan buqqisuun Oromoota fi Somaalota bakka isaanii buuse. Nafxanyoota abbootii-lafaa tahuun uummata Oromoo irraa hoomishaa fi gibira guurratan, ammoo kanneen gibira wayiituu mootummaaf hin galchine faa gibira akka baasan godhe. Kunii fi kanneen biroo “inni islaamome” jechuun nafxanyoonni olola hamaa akka isa irratti hoofan taasise. Booda warri Amaaraa isa mootumaa irraa buqqisuun intala Minilik tan Zawudituu jedhamtu mootuu taasisuun, booda immoo akka Tafarii Mokonniin (Hayila-Sillaaseen) mootii tahu godhani.
Mootichi Oromoo Walloo Raas Mikaa’el ilmi isaa, Iyyaasuu Abbaa Xeenaa seera malee, dabaa fi gidiraadhaan mootummaa irraa hariyamuu isaa kana waan hin fudhanneef, isa aangoottti deebisuuf, waraana fardeen Oromoo kumaa hedduun lakkaawamuun marfamee gara Shaggar dhufuuf ka’e. Warri Habashaa meeshaa waraanaa isa ammayyaa kan duraan qaban irratti, karaaa Jabuutii fichisiisuun funyaanii hanga miilaatti hidhatanii dura gorani. Dubbiin dubbii qawwee taatee booda waraanni Oromoo Walloo, kunoo bakka amma jirru Urufa Sagalee kanatti moyame. Miseensonni gita-bittee Habashaa kanneen dubbiin namummaa fi haqni ilmoo namaa cophni isaallee waa keessatti hin argamne, mooticha Oromoo Walloo kana harka isaa sansalataan hiisisanii mataatti dhagaa fe’anii magaalaa Shaggar keessa deemsisani.
Kunoo, otoodhuma seenaa Oromoo keessaa waa walitti himaa deemnuu, magaalaa Shanoo (6) isa Finfinnee irraa wantee 70 fagaatu geenyee jirra. Amma siree qabachuun asuma bulla jechaa dha. Faaraan rafaatii daddhabbii ofirraa calaasaa! Boru waaree keessa (naannoo sa’aa afurii) akka asii kaanu, mee hin irraanfatinaa!
                                    **********    //    **********
*Hubachiisa: barreeffama kana kutaa torbaffaa keessatti maqaan magaalaa takkaa dogoggoraan kaayamee ture. Isa kana obboleessi keenya, Dr. T. Bosonaa waan na yaadachiiseef, mee kunoo akkuma inni jedhetti sirreeffamee haa dubbifamu. Obboleessa kiyya kanas asuma irrattin maqaa keessaniin galteeffaddha! Nafxanyoonni Amaaraa isaan humna meeshaa waraanaa kan humnoota Oroppaa irraa argataniin saba keenya cabsanii, biyya keenya qabatan namaa-lafa keenya maraa kiristinnaa kaasaa turani. Akkuma Amboon, “Hagara Hiyiwoot“, Bishooftuun “Dabara Zayit“, Walisoon “Giyoon“, Ciroon “Asaba Tafarii” jedhan san Qarree Goohaakanas “Goohaa Tsiyoon” jedhanii kiristinnaa kaasani. Namaa fi lafa Oromoo bira dabraniituu bineensa daggalaatuu, “gadamsa baddaa” Baaletiin “Yaminilik dikkulaa” jechuun kiristinnaa kaasani. Abbaan Kiristinnaa gadamsa kana kun eenyu-laa? Raas Daargee moo Raas Azbixee dha laata!
Dr. T. Bosonaa kunoo akkana jedha: “Magaalaa Qarree-Goohaa kana booda ”Gohaa-Tsiyoon” jedhanii moggaasani. Oromoon naannawa sanii garuu, hanga har’aattuu Qarree-Goohaa jedheet waama. — Qarree-Goohaa kan jedhamteef magaalaan tun baddaa (high land) irraa gara gammoojjii gombisaa laga Abbayyaa yeroo seenan qarree (end of high land) gubbaatti waan argamtuufi. Qarree kana gubbaa irraa yeroo sagalee gadhiisan gammoojjitti gadi gigimsa. Kanaaf ’Goohaa’n itti dabalamee Qarree-Goohaa jedhamte, jedhu manguddoonni naannoo sanii.
                                                                                       Itti-fufa —!
                                    ==============   //   =============
Barreeffata kana kutaalee dabran ilaaluuf mee as tuqaa:
** Mee Taammanaa Bitimaa: MAQAALEE KIRISTINNAA LAFA OROMOO: gadaa.com ,  ilaalaa!

Hacking Team mulled stopping Ethiopia sales – because of idiot g-men

Human rights didn’t feature at all, says activists’ analysis

Hacking Team failed to take effective action to investigate or stop reported abuses of its technology by the Ethiopian government against dissidents, according to Human Rights Watch.

A review of internal company emails leaked as part of a highly-publicised breach against the controversial spyware-for-government firm in July revealed that the company continued to train Ethiopian intelligence agents to hack – and even negotiated additional contracts, despite multiple reports that its services were being used to target government critics and expatriate journalists.

The Italian government should “investigate Hacking Team practices in Ethiopia and elsewhere with a view toward restricting sales of surveillance technology likely to facilitate human rights abuses”, Human Rights Watch concludes.

More than 400GB of Hacking Team’s internal emails, documents, and source code leaked online following the breach of its systems. The leaked emails confirmed that the company had sold surveillance systems, training, and support to the Ethiopian Information Network Security Agency (INSA) as early as 2011, through contracts worth $1m in 2012. On November 5, 2012, Hacking Team congratulated INSA on infecting its first target.

Leaked emails document an internal review of reports from February 2014 by Toronto-based research centre Citizen Lab that the government was targeting US-based Ethiopian Satellite Television employees using Hacking Team’s Remote Control System spyware.

ESAT employees received an infected file through Skype in December 2013, which subsequent analysis suggested was filled with spyware that matched previously established characteristics of Hacking Team’s Remote Control System.

Hacking Team’s internal emails show only a superficial effort to investigate these findings and end the abuse, according to HRW.

“Although Hacking Team point out that the leaked information is partial, arguing that it does not include a record of phone calls or discussions held during internal meetings at the company, the company’s leaked internal emails do not show that the company conducted a serious investigation in response to allegations that the security agency had misused the system in 2014,” HRW said.

At the same time that Hacking Team’s staff debated over email about how to respond to media reports of the Ethiopian government’s hacking activities, they were also discussing the security agency’s requests to upgrade its system and purchase additional services.

In March 2015, in response to follow-up reports from Human Rights Watch and Toronto-bsaed human rights organisation Citizen Lab, Hacking Team asked Ethiopian officials for a written response to allegations that it was conducting abusive surveillance. The government responded that its targets are members of Ginbot 7, a banned Ethiopian opposition organisation that the government considers to be a terrorist organisation. The emails show no follow-up inquiry by Hacking Team.

According to Human Rights Watch, the Ethiopian government has invoked “national security” to clamp down on core freedoms and human rights. “Individuals with perceived or tenuous connections to even registered opposition groups are arbitrarily arrested and interrogated based on their phone calls,” according to Human Rights Watch. “Recorded phone calls with family members and friends – particularly those with foreign phone numbers – are often played during abusive interrogations in which people who have been arbitrarily detained are accused of belonging to banned organisations.”

In internal discussions revealed by the leaked emails, Hacking Team staff appeared to accept the Ethipian government’s justification that the surveillance was “lawful.” Hacking Team briefly suspended service to Ethiopia in March 2015, though seemingly this was over concerns that the government’s “incompetent” and “reckless and clumsy” use of its spyware would expose Hacking Team’s technology to detection, rather than concerns over possible human rights abuses.

Previous reporting by Citizen Lab and others described how the Ethiopian government had used tools provided by FinFisher, a UK and Germany based competitor to Hacking Team, to target Ethiopian expats in the US, UK, and Norway. The Electronic Frontier Foundation sued the Ethiopian government on behalf of one of the victims for violating US privacy laws back in February 2014.

Hacking Team states it sells its wares exclusively to governments. This assertion has come under scrutiny since the leak but most of the heat has come from sales of spyware to governments with questionable human rights records, in particular Ethiopia and Sudan. Leaked emails provide evidence that Hacking Team sold its tech to Sudan in 2012 for 960,000 euros. Leaked emails reveal that Hacking Team stopped sales to Sudan in 2014, after pressure from a UN sanctions monitoring panel.

The firm maintains that it did nothing wrong in selling surveillance tech to Sudan or anywhere else. “At the time of the company’s only sale to Sudan in 2012, the HT technology was not classified as a weapon, arms or even dual use,” Eric Rabe, the firm’s chief marketing and communications officer,said in a post hack statement in late July.

Italy and other governments should ensure that all sales of Hacking Team systems and similarly echnologies are reviewed on a case-by-case basis, with particular emphasis on the human rights record of prospective buyers.

“The Hacking Team leaks show this industry cannot be depended upon to regulate itself,” said Cynthia Wong, senior Internet researcher at Human Rights Watch. “Italy and other governments should not turn a blind eye to these revelations, but should immediately investigate the practices of international spyware companies and impose real oversight and control over the exports of surveillance technologies.”

Hacking Team spokesman Eric Rabe told The Register: “Hacking Team investigated allegations of misuse of company technology and ultimately broke off all business relationships with Ethiopia. Ethiopia is not a client today, and Hacking Team has made no application (under new regulations that went into effect earlier this year in Italy) to provide any services to any Ethiopian entity whatsoever.” ®

Source

Oromo TV: G/D Artist Adam Harun waliin (Exclusive Interview ) Kutaa 1ffaa

OMN: A Conversation with Author Bonnie Holcomb/Qabbanee

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/08/omn-a-conversation-with-author-bonnie-holcombqabbanee/

DIBABA TO RUN 3000M IN ZURICH – IAAF DIAMOND LEAGUE

Genzebe Dibaba on her way to another IAAF Diamond League victory (AFP / Getty Images)

IAAF News

World 1500m record-holder Genzebe Dibaba is the latest athlete to sign up for the Weltklasse meeting. The Ethiopian star will contest the 3000m at the IAAF Diamond League final in Zurich on 3 September.

It will be Dibaba’s first IAAF Diamond League appearance since breaking the 1500m world record in Monaco. Victory in Zurich will secure the Diamond Race trophy for Dibaba.

She will face a strong field which includes 5000m world leader Almaz Ayana, 2011 double world champion Vivian Cheruiyot, 2011 world 1500m champion Jenny Simpson and world 5000m silver medallist Mercy Cherono.

The women’s pole vault field is equally as strong. The line-up comprises world leader and world indoor champion Yarisley Silva, Olympic champion Jenn Suhr, 2011 world champion Fabiana Murer and German record-holder Silke Spiegelburg.

Switzerland’s top vaulters – led by national record-holder Nicole Buchler and European junior champion Angelica Moser – will also compete.

The two women who have dominated the 400m hurdles in recent years will clash in Zurich. World champion Zuzana Hejnova and 2014 Diamond Race winner Kaliese Spencer will line up against the likes of European champion Eilidh Child, USA’s Cassandra Tate and Danish record-holder Sara Slott Petersen.

https://www.oromiamedia.org/2015/08/omn-a-conversation-with-author-bonnie-holcombqabbanee/

Ethiopia: Hacking Team Lax on Evidence of Abuse

Leaked Documents Show Need to Regulate Surveillance Sales

Ethiopia: Hacking Team Lax on Evidence of Abuse
Internet café in Lalibela, Amhara Region, Ethiopia.

© 2010 Hemis.fr/AFP Photo

Update: Hacking Team provided further comment to this release, which can be foundhere.

(New York, August 13, 2015) – The Italian spyware firm Hacking Team took no effective action to investigate or stop reported abuses of its technology by the Ethiopian government against dissidents, Human Rights Watch said today. A comprehensive review of internal company emails leaked in July 2015 reveals that the company continued to train Ethiopian intelligence agents to hack into computers and negotiated additional contracts despite multiple reports that its services were being used to repress government critics and other independent voices.

The Italian government should investigate Hacking Team practices in Ethiopia and elsewhere with a view toward restricting sales of surveillance technology likely to facilitate human rights abuses, Human Rights Watch said.

“The Hacking Team emails show that the company’s training and technology in Ethiopia directly contributed to human rights violations,” said Cynthia Wong, senior Internetresearcher at Human Rights Watch. “Despite multiple red flags, Hacking Team showed a striking lack of concern about how its business could damage dissenting and independent voices.”

Leaked Hacking Team emails showed that it reviewed independent reports published in 2014 and 2015 that presented findings that the government was targeting Ethiopian Satellite Television (ESAT) employees based in the United States using Hacking Team technology. Yet the company’s internal emails show only a superficial effort to investigate these findings and end the abuse.

Hacking Team states it sells exclusively to governments. Human Rights Watch first contacted Hacking Team in February 2014 after the Toronto-based research center Citizen Lab reported that the Ethiopian government had attempted to use Hacking Team’s spyware, Remote Control System, to hack into the computers of ESAT employees. ESAT is an independent, diaspora-run television and radio station. On December 20, 2013, a third party made three separate attempts to target two ESAT employees who live outside of Ethiopia. In each attempt, ESAT employees received a file through Skype.

The ESAT employees did not open the files, which were presented as and appeared to be a Word document or PDF file. However, if the employees had opened them, the files would have covertly installed a program that would have given the Ethiopian government access to files, emails, passwords, and Skype calls made on the infected computer. Testing by researchers at Citizen Lab found that the program appeared to be spyware that matched previously established characteristics of Hacking Team’s Remote Control System.

In response to a Human Rights Watch inquiry about this incident, the company stated that under its “Customer Policy,” “when questions about the proper use of our tools are raised either internally or come to our attention from outside the company, we investigate.” If a government agency is found to have misused its software, the company states, it will suspend support for the agency’s system, leaving it “vulnerable to detection and therefor useless”. However, until the firm’s recent data breach, the company has been unwilling to disclose any information on its clients or whether it opened an investigation into how the Ethiopian government has been using its technology under its customer policy.
A second report published in March 2015 by Citizen Lab further corroborated evidence that the Ethiopian security agency continued to use Hacking Team’s system to target ESAT journalists. It also showed that the company provided at least one software update to the agency in between the attacks, despite clear indications of abuse of the software. This raised considerable questions about whether the company took the action set out in its customer policy on earlier reports.
Although Hacking Team point out that the leaked information is partial, arguing that it does not include a record of phone calls or discussions held during internal meetings at the company, the company’s leaked internal emails do not show that the company conducted a serious investigation in response to allegations that the security agency had misused the system in 2014. As Hacking Team staff debated over email about how to respond to media reports of the Ethiopian government’s hacking activities, they were also discussing the security agency’s requests to upgrade its system and purchase additional services.
In March 2015, in response to reports from Human Rights Watch and Citizen Lab, Hacking Team asked Ethiopian officials for a written response to allegations that it was conducting abusive surveillance. The government responded that its targets are members of Ginbot 7, a banned Ethiopian opposition organization that the government considers to be a terrorist organization. The emails show no further inquiry by Hacking Team to the government’s response.
The Ethiopian government has invoked national security to clamp down on core freedoms and human rights. Human Rights Watch documented in a March 2014 report that the Ethiopian government uses its surveillance capacities to unlawfully monitor the activities of perceived political opponents inside the country and among the diaspora. Individuals with perceived or tenuous connections to even registered opposition groups are arbitrarily arrested and interrogated based on their phone calls. Recorded phone calls with family members and friends – particularly those with foreign phone numbers – are often played during abusive interrogations in which people who have been arbitrarily detained are accused of belonging to banned organizations.

The Hacking Team emails show that the company’s training and technology in Ethiopia directly contributed to human rights violations. Despite multiple red flags, Hacking Team showed a striking lack of concern about how its business could damage dissenting and independent voices.

Cynthia Wong

Senior Internet Researcher

Human Rights Watch and others have documented that the country’s anti-terrorism law has been used to target journalists and others critical of government policies. Dozens of journalists, bloggers, and media publishers have been criminally charged and at least 60 journalists have fled the country since 2010. The clampdown on dissent culminated in the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) coalition taking 100 percent of parliamentary seats in the May federal election.
Human Rights Watch wrote to Hacking Team in July to request comment on these findings. The company stated that it “suspended the relationship [with Ethiopia] last year and terminated all relations with Ethiopia earlier this year.” The company also stated that since its stolen information is publicly available, “the record demonstrates that the company followed all laws and regulations as well as its own customer policy.”
The firm specified that it investigated allegations of abuse in 2014 raised by Citizen Lab by “interrogating the client,” but the facts were “inconclusive.” The firm however noted that “there were several within the company who argued that irrespective of the reasons for this particular surveillance attempt, the Ethiopian investigators were inept, and the relationship with the client should be suspended for that reason alone,” and Hacking Team suspended support to the Ethiopian security agency in the fall of 2014. According to statements from Hacking Team to the Washington Post, Hacking Team suspended support, but the government “would still have had some ability to collect data from existing surveillance.”
In internal discussions revealed by the leaked emails, Hacking Team staff appeared toaccept the government’s justification that the surveillance was “lawful.” Hacking Team briefly suspended service to Ethiopia in March 2015, though seemingly due to concerns that the government’s “incompetent” and “reckless and clumsy” use of the company’s system would expose Hacking Team’s technology to detection, rather than concerns over possiblehuman rights abuses.Hacking Team’s surveillance tools are designed to be undetectable by commercial anti-virus programs and other analysis. According to internal emails, Hacking Team believedthat the Ethiopian government’s flawed use of the tool put its covert nature in jeopardy, along with the confidentiality of the firm’s other customers.

In a leaked email, one staff member also expressed concern that if the company continued the relationship with the Ethiopian security agency, it would have “demonstrated that [Hacking Team doesn’t] take seriously [its] own policies” regarding customer misuse of its technology to violate rights. The leaked emails reflect that the government continued to have access to Hacking Team’s tools after March 2015 and the company issued a temporary license to Ethiopia while they began negotiations in April on a new contract worth at least $700,000. At the time Hacking Team was hacked in July, the Ethiopian security agency had allowed its previous license to expire and the agency and the firm had not yet finalized a new contract.

Hacking Team wrote to Human Rights Watch that its “software is operated by the client, not by Hacking Team, and the subjects of surveillance, the information gathered and the reasons for the surveillance” are not available to Hacking Team. Yet the leaked emails suggest that Hacking Team had multiple opportunities to assess whether the government’s surveillance activities violated human rights and take action to stop these abuses. As part of the company’s support and training services, it repeatedly asked Ethiopian officials for information about intended surveillance targets so that the company could better assist the government in carrying out a successful attack, including through more sophisticated “social engineering” techniques to gain access to a target’s computer.

Social engineering often involves sending highly personalized emails from seemingly trusted sources to entice surveillance targets to open documents infected with spyware, which requires knowledge of the target’s contacts and interests. The released emails show no indication that the company conducted any human rights due diligence based on this kind of information, which may have raised red flags about possible abuses. The new 2015 contract that the company was negotiating with Ethiopia at the time of the data breach included “many months of training combined to [sic] our continuous on-site presence — in order to assist them, teach them, and supervise their investigative activities” according toleaked emails.

Previous reporting by Citizen Lab and others described how the Ethiopian government had used tools provided by FinFisher, a UK and Germany based competitor to Hacking Team, to target or monitor computers owned by other individuals in the Ethiopian diaspora in the US, UK, and Norway. In February 2014, the Electronic Frontier Foundation sued the Ethiopian government on behalf of one of the victims for violating US privacy laws.

Italy and other governments should ensure that all sales of Hacking Team systems and similarly controlled technologies are reviewed on a case-by-case basis, Human Rights Watch said. At a minimum, controls should require an inquiry into the human rights climate of the destination country, the end user and likely end use, technical specifications of the technology, and marketing materials employed by the companies to sell to government agencies.

“The Hacking Team leaks show this industry cannot be depended upon to regulate itself,” Wong said. “Italy and other governments should not turn a blind eye to these revelations, but should immediately investigate the practices of international spyware companies and impose real oversight and control over the exports of surveillance technologies.”

Background

The sale of surveillance technologies is largely unregulated at the national and international level. In December 2013, countries participating in the Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies added “intrusion software” to its multilateral export control list. As a result, the European Union and 41 member countries to the Wassenaar Arrangement have begun to introduce regulations to control the sale of systems like those sold by Hacking Team. The EU regulations, which apply to Italy, went into force in December 2014.

On February 25, Hacking Team released a statement saying it was “complying fully” with the Wassenaar’s intrusion software controls. The company stated that “under the procedures agreed to by Hacking Team and the Italian Ministry of Economic Development, HT will request from the Italian Government export authorization for its technologies.”

The company’s leaked emails show the company’s lobbying efforts to ensure that it would not be required to seek specific authorization to export its technologies for all countries, undermining the Italian government’s ability to exercise oversight over its sales. In October 2014, the Italian Ministry of Economic Development briefly halted Hacking Team’s exports and proposed a broad control on the firm’s sales that would require a case-by-case review to approve each export, citing “possible uses concerning internal repression and violations of human rights.”

Leaked emails showed that company executives lobbied top Italian officials and government contacts to intervene. As a result, the Economic Development Ministry rescinded the broad control in November 2014, and instead granted a one-time “global license” for exports to countries that were part of the Wassenaar Arrangement in April 2015. It is unclear whether the Italian government has required Hacking Team to seek specific authorization for services, updates, and support the firm continues to provide under contracts signed before April.

Properly implemented export controls can be a valuable tool to help curb the unregulated spread of these systems and promote responsible business and human rights norms. Controls also act as an essential accountability and transparency mechanism. Greater transparency can assist governments and nongovernmental organizations in monitoring the human rights impact of their businesses, improving policies to address abuses, and enhancing remedies where violations occur.

Source

Qabsaa’otni fi jaarmayootni Oromoo eessaa ka’anii eessa jiru? Garamitt (karamitti) deemaas jiru?

Abdii Boruutiin*

Otuu gara dhimma mata-duree kanaatti hin seenin dura, warra maqoota jaarmayaaota Oromoo kana hin beekneef ykn hirraanfataniif ibsi isaanii akka armaan gadii ti:

ABO = Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo
AWO = Adda Walabummaa Oromiyaa
Jijjiirama = warra maqaa ABOtiin bara 2008 mooraa kana keessatti jijjiirama fidna jedhanii garee biraa uuman
ADO = Adda Diimookraatawa Oromoo
KWO = Kallacha Walabummaa Oromiyaa (kan dhiyoo kana maqaa jijjiirrate)
THBO = Tokkummaa Hmnoota Bilisummaa Oromiyaa (kan ULFO dhaan beekamu)
??? = Yaa Waaqayyo/Rabbi maal nu dhageessisuuf jirta?

Waayee jaarmayoota keenyaa, gadifageenyaan beekuu baadhullee, akkan hubadhutti kan THBO irraa hafan hundi isaaniituu warra qaama ABO turanii dha. Jaaramyootni miseensota THBO tokko tokkollee akkasuma warruma duraan qaama ABO turan natti fakkaatu.

Gaafii mata-duree irratti dhiyaateef guutumaa guutuutti deebii kennuun rakkisaa dha. Maaliif yoo jedhame, jaarmayootni kun eessaa akka ka’antu beekamuu danda’a ta’a malee garamitti akka deemamu ykn waan boru uumamu beekuun baay’ee rakkisaa waan ta’uufi. Karaa biraatiin yoo ilaalame ammoo, jaarmayootni kun yeroo ammaa haala akkamii keessa akka jiranis sirriitti beekuunis nama dhiba. Waanan kana jedheef boodarra barreeffama kana keessatti ibsuun yaala. Gaafiin sana dura ka’uu qabu garuu, “Jaarmayoota ykn gareelee kana akkanatti heddoomsuun ykn jijjiiruun tooftaa fi tarsiimoo qabsoo kanaatiif jedhameeti moo kaayyoo iccitiin isaa hin beekamnetu mooraa QBO keessa jiraa laata?” kan jedhu ta’a. Gaafii kana akkuma jirutti uummata Oromootiif dhiisee; garuu waan dhiibboo natti ta’e tokkon kaasuu fedha.

Durumaa jalqabee rakkooleen adda addaa mooraa ABO keessa turanillee, wanti bara 2008 booda mooraa keenya keessatti ta’e fi ta’aas jiru waan nama ajaa’ibuu dha. Jijjiiramni yeroo sana labsame, kan bu’aa fidu ta’uun isaa hafee siriidhaa diraamaa dhuma hin qabne akka uume fi diraamaan kun ammallee akka ittifufaa jiru hubachuun waan nama rakkisu natti hin fakkaatu. Bara 2008, yeroo gargar hiramuun uumame sana, sababni guddaan jijjiiramni labsameef mooraa ABO keessatti jijjiirama bu’uraa fiduu fi ABO haaromsuu jedhamee ture. Hogganummaa ABO keessa rakkoon akka turellee irra deddeebi’amee ibsamaa ture. Jijjiiramni labsame fi ibsame sun dhugumatti bu’aa tokko argamsiisuu danda’a jedhamee waan eegameef, qalbii uummata Oromoo waan hawwate natti fakkaata. Haa ta’u malee, jijjiiramni sun bu’aa fiduun isaa hafee waan nama gaddisiisan baay’eetu mul’atan.

Waan tokko tokko yaadachuuf, akkasumas fakkeenya tokko tokko kaasuuf, bara 2010 Liiccoo Bukuraafaa miseensota WBO hanga tokko fudhatanii hidhannoo guutuu wajjin diinatti harka kennatan. Sababuma fedheenuu haa ta’uu, yaaliin gareelee ABO walitti fiduu fi tokkoomsuuf godhamaa ture otuu hin milkaayin hafee; sana biras darbamee bara 2012 kaayyoon ABO akka jijjiirame labsame. Sababa kanaan warra jijjiiramaa keessatti addaan faffaca’insi uumame; garee kana keessatti gareeleen biroo ijaaraman; waliigalteen dhabamee, gargar hiramuun ittifufe. Kanuma wajjin walqabatee, bara 2013 jaarmayaan biraa maqaa ADO jedhuun gadi bahe. Warri jaarmayaa haaraa kana dhaabanis warruma duraan miseensota ABO fi/ykn hoggantoota olaanaa turanii dha. Warri duraan walabummaa Oromiyaa qofaatti amanna jedhanii, jaarmayaa AWO jedhu dhaabanii turanillee booda sana dhiisanii ADOtti makaman.

Waggoota lama booda, bara kana (2015), warri jijjiirama keessa turani fi kaayyoo ABO jijjiranii turan sun deebi’anii bakka lamatti bahn. Gareen tokko ittiyaaduudhaan ykn ittigaabbuudhaan as deebi’anii sagantaa ABOn bara 2004 fooyyesse ni fudhanna; bilisummaa Oromoo fi walabummaa Oromiyaatiif qabsoofna jedhanii labsan. Gareen biraa ammoo waayee jijjiiramuu kaayyoo ABO sanarratti ibsa otuu hin kennin garuu maqaa biraatiin as bahn, maqaa KWO jedhuun jechuu dha. Gaafiin asirratti ka’u garuu “Kallacha Walabummaa Oromiyaa (KWO) yommuu jedhan, kun deebi’anii walabummaa Oromiyaatti amanuu dha moo kaayyoon jijjiirame sun akkuma jirutti hafee, maqaadhuma qofaatu jijjiirame?” kan jedhu dha. Waan baay’ee nama dinqu fi nama dhibuu dha. Egaa, gama tokkoon dhimma akkanaatu gaafii uumee; qabsaa’otni Oromoo garamitti (karamitti) deemaa jiru? nama jechisiisa.

Gaafiin “Qabsaa’otni fi jaarmayootni Oromoo eessa jiru” jedhus gaafii baay’ee nama rakkisuu dha. Mee THBO (ULFO) irraan jalqaba. Maqaan ULFO jedhu kun duraanuu akka tumsa jaarmayoota Oromootti jiraatullee, jaarmayootni Oromoo sadi bara 2010 walittibaqanii, jaarmayaa tokko kan maqaa kana qabu akka uuman ni yaadatama. Haa ta’u malee, walittibaqinisi ykn tokkoomuun jaarmayoota sanaa gammachuudhaan simatamuu fi jijjiirama tokkos fiduu ni danda’a jedhamee eegamaa haa turu malee, jijjiirama ykn bu’aa fiduun hafee; jiraachuumti jaarmayaa kanaatuu (THBO) wanti beekamu hin jiru yoon jedhe dhugaarraa fagaachuu kiyyaa miti. Eessa jiru? Maal godhaa jiru?… Yoo jiraatan ammoo, kophaa socha’uun rakkisaa yoo ta’e maaliif jaarmayoota Oromoo kan kaayyoo fi galii walfakkaataa qaban waliin tokkummaa hin uumne?

Itti aansuudhaa, ADO kaasuun fedha. Jaarmayaa haaraan kun karaa nagaatiin qabsaayee; Itoophiyaa diimookraatofte keessatti sirna Federaalisimii dhugaa ijaaruuf akka kaayyoo qabu ibsee jira. Gara biyyaattillee deebi’anii qabsaa’uuf yaalii waan godhan fakkaatu. Yaaliin sun ammoo akka hin milkaayin mul’atee ture. Ergasii kaasee, waan jaarmayaan kun irra jiru fi maal godhaas akka jiru ani hin beeku. Kun gaafii tokko. Karaa biraatiin ammoo, jaarmayaan kun, erga karaa nagaatiin qabsoo gaggeessuutti amane, maaliif warra tooftaa fi tarsiimoo akkasumas kaayyoo walfakkaataa qaban waliin tumsa hin uumne ykn waliin hin hojjenne? kan jedhu gaafii biraa ta’a. Walumaagalatti, gaafiin asirrattis ka’u jaarmayaan kun (ADOn) maalirra ykn eessa jira? kan jedhu waan ta’uuf, gaafiin mata-dureerratti ka’e isa kanas ni ilaallata jechuu dha.

Warra bara 2008 jijjiirama keessa turani fi dhiyoo kana tokkummaa jaarmayoota Oromoo afurii (ABO) uumne ykn walittibaqne jedhan yoo fudhanne, tokkummaa uumuun waan gaarii dha; kun gammachuudhaan simatamuus qaba. Ani akka ilma Oromoo tokkootti baay’een itti gammade. Haa ta’u malee, wanti gaafii natti ta’e ni jira. Jarri kun akka dubbatanitti (dhiyoo kana hogganaan isaanii akka dubbatetti) waraanallee ijaarratanii akka qabanii dha. Waraanni isaanii kunillee, kan milishaa ajjeesu qofaa otuu hin taane, kan Wayyaanee dugda cabsuu danda’u akka ta’e ibsame. Yoo dhugumatti kana qabaanne, anaaf gammachuu daangaa hin qabnee dha. Garuu kun hammam dhugaa akka ta’e Waaqayyoo/Rabbi haa beeku! Koottaa nutti makamaa ykn nu wajjin tokkummaa ijaaraa jedhanii kan yaamicha godhan, waan humni isaanii kun caalaa fi cimaa ta’eef ta’inaa laata?

ABO duraan garee lama turani fi amma walitti deebi’anii tokko ta’anis (Shanee fi QC kan turan) ilaalchisee waanan jedhu qaba. Asirratti wanti hubatamuu qabu, ani misseensa ta’ee ykn jaarmayaa kanaaf dubbachuuf ykn ittisuuf otuu hin taane, walaba ta’ee, ilaalcha fi yaada akkasumas hubannoo kiyya ibsuufi. Dhugaa dubbachuudhaaf, lolani lolchiisanii lafa Oromiyaa tokko qabatanii waan tokko mul’isuu baatanillee, hanga ammaatti waan amanan tokkotti cichanii, kanas bakkaan gahuuf sochii godhaa kan jiran ABO Obboo Daawudiin hogganamu dha jedheen yaada. Jaarmayoota bilisabaastota saboota cunqurfamoo waliin tumsa ijaaruun isaaniillee deeggaramuu qaba. Kun akka yaada kiyyaatitti barbaachisaa fi murteessa dhas. Haa ta’u malee, rakkinni natti mula’tu tokko (kanaaf ammo isaan ibsa ykn sababa qabaachuu malu) hogganummaa keessatti sirna Gadaa hojiidhaan mul’isuurratti hir’ina qabaachuu isaanii ti. Waanan kana jedheef yeroo biraan bal’inaan ittideebi’a.

Waanuma fedhes ta’u; rakkini fedhes jiraatu, hundeen ABO isuma kan Obboo Daawudiin hogganamu dha jedheen amana. Kanaafuu, inni kun silaa waa hundaafuu ittigaafatamas ta’ee dirqama; akkasumas gahee inni taphachuu danda’us guddaa waan ta’eef, akka hangafaatti, akka hundeetti kan biroorratti dhiibbaa godhuu danda’a jedheen yaada. Asirrttii wantin hubachiisuu fedhu, ittigaafatama yoon jedhu balleessaa warri biroo dalaganiif jechuu otuu hin taane, akka hangafaatti ittigaafatama isaa hubatee; mooraa keenya keessatti tokkummaa dhugaa uumuudhaaf waan guddaatu irraa eegama jechuu kooti. Kana daandii gaariitti fiduudhaaf dandeettii fi dirqamallee qabu jechuun barbaade. Akuma tumsa alaa uumuurratti bakkee furtuu qabaatu, mooraa QBO keessattillee akkasuma furtuu ta’ee, jaarmayoota kaayyoo fi galii tokko ykn walfakkaataa qaban irratti dhiibbaa godhee tokkummaa jaarmayoota Oromoo ijaaruuf gahee guddaatu irraa eegama jechuu dha. Kanaaf, gaafiin asittis ka’u, kana godhaa jiruu? Maalirra jiru? kan jedhu ta’a.

Dhumarratti, dhaamsi ani dabarfachuu barbaadu, jaarmayaa heddoomsuun; maqaadhaan taphachuun; asii fi achi dhama’uun; ejjannoo tokko ykn kaayyoo ifa ta’e tokko dhabuun; kaayyoo tokko ykn walfakkaataa otuu qabanuu waliin hojjechuurratti wal lagachuun; garagara hiramuun; diinaaf qaawwa uumuun; beekumsa, dandeettii, qabeenya fi humna ofii garagara hiranii mooraa ofii laaffisuun dhaabbachuu qaba. Maqaa otuu hin taane, jaarmayaa hojiidhaan waan tokko agarsiisuu danda’utu deeggarsa uummata bal’aa Oromoo argachuu danda’a. Dubbachuu qofaa otuu hin taane, waan dubbannu hojiidhaan agrsiisuutu jabina jaarmayaa tokkoo mul’isa. Waaqayyo/Rabbii Ayyaanni Oromoo hubannoo nuuf haa kennu!

Galatoomaa!

*Abdii Boruu: aboruu@gmail.com

Marii Haayyootaa (OBS)

Berisa Debere: Geerarsa

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